Balham, Ardennes

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Balham
The Aisne at Balham
The Aisne at Balham
Coat of arms of Balham
Coat of arms
Balham is located in France
Balham
Balham
Coordinates: 49°29′34″N 4°09′40″E / 49.4928°N 4.1611°E / 49.4928; 4.1611Coordinates: 49°29′34″N 4°09′40″E / 49.4928°N 4.1611°E / 49.4928; 4.1611
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Rethel
Canton Asfeld
Intercommunality Pays Rethélois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Vincent Roland
Area1 1.77 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 135
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08044 / 08190

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Balham is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Champagne-Ardenne region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balhamais or Balhamaises.[1]

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography[edit]

Balham is located some 12 km west by south-west of Rethel and 3 km north-east of Asfeld. Access to the commune is by the D926 road from Gomont in the north-east which passes through the village and continues south-west to Asfeld. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[3]

The Aisne river passes through the centre of the commune flowing from north-east to south-west on its way to join the Oise at Compiègne. The parallel Canal des Ardennes passes through the southern tip of the commune.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Balham comes from the name of a person Ballo + Heim. It was Balaan around 1172 and Balehan in 1211-1212.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Balham
Blazon:

Azure, a chevron of Or between three acorns the same, in chief also Or charged with two mullets of Gules.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean-Pierre Moraux
2008 2020 Vincent Roland

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 135 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
259 251 286 314 324 327 310 317 345
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 320 292 283 283 257 257 238
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
205 191 201 198 193 160 144 132 151
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
131 114 115 95 103 125 - 135 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
The Canal des Ardennes at Balham
Population of Balham, Ardennes

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Church with the door to the Cemetery
  • The Cemetery (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[5]
  • The Church of Saint John the Baptist contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Stained glass window (1536)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
    • A Statue: Saint Barbe (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
    • A Statue: Saint Catherine (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé (1747-1814), Revolutionary politician, member of the Committee of Public Order, General of the Republic, Commissioner of the Army and Minister of War (September–November 1799), became Mayor of Balham after 1800.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (French)
  2. ^ Balham in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078339 Cemetery (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000045 IM08000079 Stained glass window (Bay 0) (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000047 Statue: Saint Barbe (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000046 Statue: Saint Catherine (French)Camera aabb.svg