Bali Road Map

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After the 2007 United Nations Climate Change Conference on the island Bali in Indonesia in December, 2007 the participating nations adopted the Bali Road Map as a two-year process to finalizing a binding agreement in 2009 in Copenhagen. The conference encompassed meetings of several bodies, including the 13th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 13) and the 3rd Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (MOP 3 or CMP 3).

The Bali Road Map includes the Bali Action Plan (BAP) that was adopted by Decision 1/CP.13 of the COP-13. It also includes the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)[1] negotiations and their 2009 deadline, the launch of the Adaptation Fund, the scope and content of the Article 9 review of the Kyoto Protocol, as well as decisions on technology transfer and on reducing emissions from deforestation.[2]

Bali Action Plan[edit]

Pillars[edit]

The Conference of Parties decided to launch a comprehensive process to enable the implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012, by addressing: (the called pillars or building blocks)

  • A shared vision for long-term cooperative action, including a long-term global goal for emission reductions.
  • Enhanced national/international action on mitigation of climate change.
  • Enhanced action on adaptation.
  • Enhanced action on technology development and transfer to support action on mitigation and adaptation.
  • Enhanced action on the provision of financial resources and investment to support action on mitigation and adaptation and technology cooperation.

Cutting emissions[edit]

The nations acknowledge that evidence for global warming is unequivocal, and that humans must reduce emissions to reduce the risks of "severe climate change impacts" and emphasized the urgency to address climate change. There was a strong consensus for updated changes for both developed and developing countries. Although there were not specific numbers agreed upon in order to cut emissions,the Decision recognized that there was a need for "deep cuts in global emissions" (plural countries proposed 100% reduction in 2050) and that "developed country emissions must fall 10-40% by 2020".[3]

Mitigation[edit]

Enhanced action on mitigation of climate change includes, inter alia:

Forests[edit]

The nations pledge "policy approaches and positive incentives" on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in developing countries; and enhancement of forest carbon stock in developing countries This paragraph is referred to as “REDD-plus”.[4]

Adaptation[edit]

The nations opt for enhanced co-operation to "support urgent implementation" of measures to protect poorer countries against climate change, including NAPAs. impacts.

Technology[edit]

In technology development and transfer, the nations will consider how to facilitate the transfer of clean and renewable energy technologies from industrialised nations to the developing countries.This includes, inter alia:

  • Removal of obstacles to, and provision of financial and other incentives for, scaling up the development and transfer of technology to developing country Parties in order to promote access to affordable environmentally sound technologies (renewable energies, electric vehicles).
  • Ways to accelerate the deployment, diffussion and transfer of such technologies.
  • Cooperation on research and development of current, new and innovative technology, including win-win solutions.
  • The effectiveness of mechanism and tools for technology cooperation in specific sectors.

Finance[edit]

Provision of financial resources and investment includes:

Ad Hoc Working Groups[edit]

The Conference decided to establish two subsidiary bodies under the Convention to conduct the process, the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) and the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP), that were to complete their work in 2009 and present the outcome to the COP15/MOP 5.

The AWG-LCA and AWG-KP presented draft conclusions to COP15 and CMP5, which contained many unresolved issues. The working groups were subsequently asked to report to COP16 and CMP6 in Cancun, Mexico.

Timescales[edit]

Four major UNFCCC meetings to implement the Bali Road Map were planned for 2008, with the first to be held in either March or April and the second in June, with the third in either August or September followed by a major meeting in Poznan, Poland in December 2008. The negotiations process was scheduled to conclude at the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ad Hoc Working Group, AWG-KP". Unfccc.int. 2009-12-18. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-16. 
  2. ^ "United Nations Climate Change Conference, 3–14 December, Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia, (COP 13 and CMP 3)". Unfccc.int. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-16. 
  3. ^ http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/Pew%20Center_COP%2013%20Summary.pdf
  4. ^ "REDD: An introduction". REDD-Monitor. 2009-01-23. Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-16. 

External links[edit]