Kedah Malay

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Kedah Malay
Region Malaya
Ethnicity Kedahan Malay
Native speakers
2.6 million  (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 meo
Glottolog keda1251[2]
Spread of Kedahan Malay: A. Kedah Valley, B. Satun (Setoi) C. Tanintharyi (Tanah Sari) D. Acheh

Kedah Malay or Kedahan (Also known as Pelat Utara or Loghat Utara 'Northern Dialect') is a variety of the Malayan languages mainly spoken in the northwestern northern Malaysian states of Perlis, Kedah, Penang, and northern Perak and in the southern Thai provinces of Trang and Satun, where it is called "Satun Malay" (มลายูถิ่นสตูล). Speakers in Trang are most heavily influenced by Thai language.[3]

Kedahan Malay can be divided into several dialects, namely Kedah Persisiran (standard), Baling or Kedah Hulu, Kedah Utara, Perlis-Langkawi, Penang and some others outside Malaysia. See Malayan languages for a comparison of Kedah Persisiran and Baling dialects.

The main characteristic of Kedahan Malay is the -a final vocal is pronounced as /ɑ/ such as /a/ in "dark", which is varied from standard Malay -a that pronounced as /a/. Other characteristics of the dialect are final consonant -r is pronounced as -q and final consonant -s is pronounced as -ih (e.g.:Lapar = Lapaq (Hungry), Lepas = Lepaih (release, after) ) while initial and middle r are guttural.

Some word examples of Kedahan Malay:

Kedahan Malay (Standard Subdialect) Standard Malay (Malaysia) English
Ayaq Air Water
Hat/Hak (widely used in Malaysian Malay) Yang Which/That/That
Ang Kamu, Engkau You (singular)
Habaq Khabar, Beritahu Say, Tell
Cek Saya, Kamu I, You (singular)
Depa Mereka They, Them
Angpa Kalian You (plural)
Sepa (only used in certain areas) Kami We, Us
Pi Pergi Go
Mai Datang, Mari Come
Awat, Pasepa Mengapa Why
La Sekarang Now
Sat Sebentar, Sekejap Moment (to wait)
Mengkala Bila, Apabila When
Ketegar Degil, Keras Kepala Stubborn
Jom (widely used in Malaysian Malay) Ayuh, Mari Let's Go
Kot (widely used in Malaysian Malay) Mungkin, Barangkali Maybe, Probably
Gerek Basikal (also used by Kedahan Malay that reside in urban area) Bicycle
Mertun Tukul Hammer
Tenggalung Baling Throw
Ghabat Panjat Climb
Ligan Kejar Chase
Loq Laq Tak senonoh Indecent
Ketit Gigit kecil Nibble
Tokak Gigit Bite
Berlemuih Comot Grubby

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kedah Malay at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kedah Malay". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "as they often do, their dialect is" - My library - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 

External links[edit]