Balkan Region

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Coordinates: 40°0′N 55°0′E / 40.000°N 55.000°E / 40.000; 55.000

Map showing Balkan province (highlighted).
Not to be confused with the Balkans, a region in southern Europe.

Balkan Region (Turkmen: Balkan welaýaty) is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the far west of the country, bordering Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, the Caspian Sea, and Iran. Its capital is Balkanabat, formerly known as Nebit Dag. It has an area of 139,270 square kilometers and a population of approximately 553,500 people (2005 est.).[1] Its population density of 3.3 persons per square kilometer is the lowest in Turkmenistan.

Other cities include: Bereket, Türkmenbaşy, Gumdag, Serdar, Hazar, Gyzyletrek, Esenguly.

Balkan Region has significant energy reserves, which account for 94% of Turkmenistan's natural gas production and 12% of its petroleum production. It also generates 18% of the country's electric power. Due to the very low water supply, agriculture is negligible, and only 4.5% of Turkmenistan's arable lands are within the province.

Off its Caspian shores the Balkan Province includes the island of Ogurja Ada, the most important island in Turkmenistan and one of the largest in the Caspian Sea.

Districts[edit]

Balkan Region is administratively divided into six districts (etraplar; singular: etrap) and seven cities (il).[2][3] Name changes since 1995 are shown in parentheses:

  • Cities
Railway station in Bereket city, October 2013.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. ^ Балканский Велаят
  3. ^ Turkmenistan Districts
  4. ^ Halk Maslahaty resolution changing the status of Serdar City

Links[edit]