Balkan Romani

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Balkan Romani
Native to Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, Turkey
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 620,000)[1]
Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-3 rmn
Glottolog balk1252[2]
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Balkan Romani is a group of dialects of the Romani language spoken in various Roma groups in the Balkans.

Dialects[edit]

Elšík [3] uses this classification and dialect examples (geographical information from Matras [4]):

Sub-group Dialect Place
Southern Balkan Prizren Kosovo
Arli Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo
Prilep Macedonia
Kyrymitika Ukraine [5]
Sofia Erli Sofia
Zargari Azerbaijan
Romano northeastern Iran
Sepeči northern Greece, Turkey
Rumelian European part of today's Turkey, historically called Rumelia [6]
Northern Balkan Bugurdži Macedonia, Kosovo [7]
Razgrad Drindari northeastern Bulgaria
Pazardžik Kalajdži Bulgaria and immigrants in Macedonia and Kosovo

Sample[edit]

Romani (Bugurdži, Macedonia) Romani (Arli, Macedonia) English
Lačho [to] saba[h]i. Lačho [o] sabalje. Good morning.
Lačho [to] zi[e]s. Lačho [o] dive. Good day.
Lačhi [ti] rat. Lačhi [i] rat. Good night.
Sar isi to anav? Sar si tiro anav? What's your name?
Mo anav isi Elvis. Mo anav si Elvis. My name is Elvis.
Isinom lošalo kaj avdom tut! Šukar te dikhav tut! Pleased to meet you!
Isinan prandime? Sijan li romnjakoro? Are you married?
Va, me isinom prandime. Va, me sijum romnjakoro. Yes, I'm married.
Na, me isinom biprandime. Na, me sijum biromnjakoro. No, I'm unmarried.
Me isi man raklija. Me si ma raklija. I have a girlfriend.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balkan Romani at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Balkan Romani". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Elšík, Viktor (1999). "Dialect variation in Romani personal pronouns" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Matras, Yaron (2002). Romani: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-02330-0
  5. ^ Ventcel’, Tat’jana V. & Lev N. Čerenkov. 1976. “Dialekty cyganskogo jazyka”. Jazyki Azii i Afriki I, 283-332. Moskva: Nauka.
  6. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/512682/Rumelia
  7. ^ "Romani Dialects". ROMLEX. Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz. http://romani.uni-graz.at/romlex/dialects.xml.

External links[edit]