Karachay-Balkar language

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Karachay-Balkar
Къарачай-Малкъар тил
Таулу тил
Native to Russia
Region Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia
Ethnicity Karachays, Balkars
Native speakers
310,000  (2010 census)[1]
Turkic
  • Kypchak
    • Kypchak–Cuman
      • Karachay-Balkar
Dialects
Karachay
Balkar
Cyrillic,
Latin
Official status
Official language in
 Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia)
 Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 krc
ISO 639-3 krc
Glottolog kara1465[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Karachay-Balkar language (Къарачай-Малкъар тил, Qaraçay-Malqar til or Таулу тил, Tawlu til) is a Turkic language spoken by the Karachays and Balkars. It is divided into two dialects: Karachay-Baksan-Chegem, which pronounces two phonemes as /tʃ/ and /dʒ/, and Balkar, which pronounces the corresponding phonemes as /ts/ and /z/. The modern Karachay-Balkar written language is based on the Karachay-Baksan-Chegem dialect. The language is closely related to Kumyk.[3]

Alphabet[edit]

Modern Karachay-Balkar Cyrillic alphabet:

А а Б б В в Г г Гъ гъ Д д Дж дж Е е
Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Къ къ Л л
М м Н н Нг нг О о П п Р р С с Т т
У у Ў ў Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ
ъ Ы ы ь Э э Ю ю Я я

Language example[edit]

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Karachay-Balkar:

In Cyrillic Transliteration Translation
Бютеу адамла эркин болуб эмда сыйлары бла хакълары тенг болуб тууадыла. Алагъа акъыл бла намыс берилгенди эмда бир-бирлерине къарнашлыкъ халда къараргъа керекдиле. Bütew adamla erkin bolub emda sıyları bla haqları teñ bolub tuwadıla. Alağa aqıl bla namıs berilgendi emda bir-birlerine qarnaşlıq halda qararğa kerekdile. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Numbers (Karachay-Balkar)[edit]

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
ноль (nol) бир (bir) эки (eki) юч (üç) тёрт (tört) беш (beş) алты (altı) джети (ceti) сегиз (segiz) тогъуз (toğuz) он (on)

Loanwords[edit]

Loanwords from Ossetian, Kabardian, Arabic, and Persian are fairly numerous.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chodiyor Doniyorov and Saodat Doniyorova. Parlons Karatchay-Balkar. Paris: Harmattan, 2005. ISBN 2-7475-9577-3.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Население Российской Федерации по владению языками [Population of the Russian Federation by languages used] (XLS) (in Russian). 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karachay-Balkar". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b Compendium of the World Languages. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 

External links[edit]