Balkhash (city)

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Balkhash
Балқаш
Centre of the city.
Centre of the city.
Balkhash is located in Kazakhstan
Balkhash
Balkhash
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 46°50′53″N 74°59′42″E / 46.84806°N 74.99500°E / 46.84806; 74.99500Coordinates: 46°50′53″N 74°59′42″E / 46.84806°N 74.99500°E / 46.84806; 74.99500
Country Kazakhstan
Province Karagandy Province
Founded 1931
Incorporated (city) 1937
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Nurlan Erikbaevich Aubakirov (since 29 May 2012)
Elevation 440 m (1,440 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 68,833
 • Urban 77,662
Postal code 100300 - 100316
Area code(s) +7 71036
Website http://www.balkhash.kz
Southern view of the city Balkhash.

Balkhash (Kazakh: Балқаш, Balqaş; Russian: Балхаш, Balkhash) is a city in Kazakhstan, located on the northern shore of the Lake Balkhash, on the Bay Bertys, and in south of Kazakh Uplands. Population of the city: 68,833 (2009 Census results);[1] 65,431 (1999 Census results).[1]

Balkhash was founded in 1937 as an industrial city centred on the mining and smelting of copper, and presently copper is still exploited there. The city lies approximately 500 km west of the Chinese border on the north side of the lake at an altitude of 440 m.

The history of the city is closely connected with mining of deposits of copper and development of a smelting plant.

History[edit]

Main article: Balkhashtsvetmet

In 11 April 1937, a small worker`s settlement "Pribalhashstroy", designed in connection with the construction of a copper factory - BGMC, was transformed into the city of Balkhash by decision of the Central Executive Committee of the Kazakh SSR. In this way, the copper factory effected the city's appearance.

In 9 November 1932, the first school was established in the city - school № 1. The school educated a few children of the builders of the city that time. Among these children was Maria Nicolaevna Guseva (Halova). This school became a matter of her life: firstly she was one of the first pupils. Later, she became a teacher. In 1935, a section for parachuting was opened. Its first director was Dyusembayev.

During the Great Patriotic War (Russian term for World War II), most of the male population was conscripted into the military service and women replaced them in the copper factory.

After World War II, Japanese war prisoners took part in the building of the city. In particular, they built buildings, the "Palace of Metallurgists" and the local airport.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, between 1992 and 1996, the city and its residents, like most former Soviet citizens, experienced an acute crisis, including power outages, weak central heating and intermittent operation of the copper factory. Some people cooked on fires in their yards; in winter they heated their apartments with potbelly stoves. Summer cottages served as an additional source of foodstuffs, contributing to the populace's survival. In the late 1990s, the city's and country's economies stabilised. A new neighborhood was built in the city, the so-called "Canadian cottages". All schools, medical facilities and the college started to function normally.

Administration and directorates[edit]

Due to the appointment of former Mayor Kadyrzhan Teylyanova as Chairman of the Committee of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nurlan Erikbaevich Aubakirov (born 29.12.1975) has been the mayor of Balkash since 29 May 2012.[2]

Balkhash's city government also administers the urban-type settlements of Sayak (3669 people), Gulshat and Chubar-Tubek (625 people). In May 1997, the city of Balkhash was transferred from Dzhezkazgan Province to Karagandy Province due to a boundary change.

Population[edit]

The combined population of the city and its urban area is 75,453 people (2010). The ethnic composition in 1 January 2010 was:[3]

In recent years, the number of Russian speakers is dramatically declining, but this is more than compensated by an influx of Kazakhs, who come mostly from rural areas, resulting in growth of the city's population after the substantial decline in the 1990s.

Climate[edit]

Winter in Balkhash. One of the central streets.

Balkhash has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with warm summers and very cold winters. Precipitation is low throughout the year. Snow is common, though light, in winter. The lowest temperature on record is −41.2 °C (−42.2 °F), recorded in December 1938, and the highest temperature is 40.9 °C (105.6 °F), recorded in July 2005.[4]

Climate data for Balkhash
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
6.1
(43)
24.5
(76.1)
32.5
(90.5)
34.4
(93.9)
37.6
(99.7)
40.9
(105.6)
39.5
(103.1)
37.6
(99.7)
27.2
(81)
17.4
(63.3)
7.5
(45.5)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
1.7
(35.1)
14.3
(57.7)
22.1
(71.8)
27.9
(82.2)
29.6
(85.3)
28.1
(82.6)
21.7
(71.1)
12.9
(55.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
11.73
(53.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−12.1
(10.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
8.3
(46.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
24.2
(75.6)
22.4
(72.3)
15.6
(60.1)
7.1
(44.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−9.7
(14.5)
6.32
(43.37)
Average low °C (°F) −17.6
(0.3)
−16.8
(1.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
3.1
(37.6)
10.7
(51.3)
16.3
(61.3)
18.5
(65.3)
16.3
(61.3)
9.3
(48.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
−13.7
(7.3)
1.18
(34.12)
Record low °C (°F) −40.1
(−40.2)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−14.2
(6.4)
−5.5
(22.1)
4.0
(39.2)
6.9
(44.4)
3.7
(38.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−14.8
(5.4)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−41.2
(−42.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.51)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
10
(0.39)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
14
(0.55)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
9
(0.35)
16
(0.63)
13
(0.51)
138
(5.41)
Avg. rainy days 2 2 5 7 9 8 9 6 4 7 7 4 70
Avg. snowy days 14 11 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 12 50
 % humidity 79 78 74 56 51 46 49 47 47 60 75 79 61.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 153 179 228 276 335 367 377 363 299 222 151 131 3,081
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[4]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[5]

Photo gallery[edit]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ BNEWS KZ (in russ.)
  3. ^ Национальный состав населения Казахстана по переписи 2009
  4. ^ a b "pogoda.ru.net Погода и Климат". Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Balhash Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]