Ballard County, Kentucky

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Ballard County, Kentucky
CourthouseBallardCountyKY.jpg
Ballard County Courthouse in Wickliffe
Map of Kentucky highlighting Ballard County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1842
Named for Bland Ballard
Seat Wickliffe
Largest city La Center
Area
 • Total 274 sq mi (710 km2)
 • Land 247 sq mi (640 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2), 9.9%
Population
 • (2010) 8,249
 • Density 33/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.ballardcounty.ky.gov

Ballard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,249.[1] Its county seat is Wickliffe.[2] The county was created by the Kentucky State Legislature in 1842 and is named for Captain Bland Ballard, a soldier, statesman, and member of the Kentucky General Assembly.[3] Ballard is a prohibition or dry county.

Ballard County is part of the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Ballard County was formed from portions of Hickman County and McCracken County. It was named for Bland Ballard (1761–1853), a Kentucky pioneer and soldier who served as a scout for General George Rogers Clark during the American Revolutionary War, and later commanded a company during the War of 1812. On February 17, 1880, the courthouse was destroyed by a fire, which also destroyed most of the county's early records.[4] The county seat was transferred from Blandville to Wickliffe in 1882.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 274 square miles (710 km2), of which 247 square miles (640 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (9.9%) is water.[6]

State protected area[edit]

Axe Lake Swamp State Nature Preserve is a 458 acres (1.85 km2) nature preserve located in Ballard County, in the Barlow Bottoms. The preserve is part of the 3,000-acre (12 km2) Axe Lake Swamp wetlands complex which supports at least eight rare plant and animal species. The site has been recognized as a priority wetland in the North American Waterfowl Management Plan.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,496
1860 8,692 58.2%
1870 12,576 44.7%
1880 14,378 14.3%
1890 8,390 −41.6%
1900 10,761 28.3%
1910 12,690 17.9%
1920 12,045 −5.1%
1930 9,910 −17.7%
1940 9,480 −4.3%
1950 8,545 −9.9%
1960 8,291 −3.0%
1970 8,276 −0.2%
1980 8,798 6.3%
1990 7,902 −10.2%
2000 8,286 4.9%
2010 8,249 −0.4%
Est. 2013 8,332 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 8,286 people, 3,395 households, and 2,413 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 per square mile (13 /km2). There were 3,837 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (5.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.32% White, 2.87% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 3,395 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.85.

The age distribution was 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,130, and the median income for a family was $41,386. Males had a median income of $32,345 versus $20,902 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,035. About 10.70% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 15.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Morris E. Crain, Medal of Honor recipient for his bravery during WWII.

Kenny Rollins, an American basketball player who was a member of the University of Kentucky's "Fab Five" who won the 1948 NCAA Championship, the 1948 Gold Medal Winning U.S. Olympic Team, and the NBA's Chicago Stags and Boston Celtics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/b/BALLA02.html
  4. ^ http://genealogytrails.com/ken/ballard/
  5. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 189. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ <Axe Lake Swamp State Nature Preserve web site URL accessed on 20 August 2006.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 37°04′N 89°00′W / 37.06°N 89.00°W / 37.06; -89.00