Ballay

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Ballay
Entrance to Ballay
Entrance to Ballay
Ballay is located in France
Ballay
Ballay
Coordinates: 49°25′51″N 4°45′00″E / 49.4308°N 4.75°E / 49.4308; 4.75Coordinates: 49°25′51″N 4°45′00″E / 49.4308°N 4.75°E / 49.4308; 4.75
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Vouziers
Canton Vouziers
Intercommunality Argonne Ardennaise
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christian Mielcarek
Area1 10.46 km2 (4.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 248
 • Density 24/km2 (61/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08045 / 08400
Elevation 91–221 m (299–725 ft)
(avg. 100 m or 330 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ballay is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Champagne-Ardenne region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ballayriots or Ballayriottes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ballay is located some 35 km east by south-east of Rethel and 3 km north of Vouziers. Access to the commune is by the D977 road from Vouziers which passes through the centre of the commune and the village and continues north to Quatre-Champs. The D19 road from Quatre-Champs to Vandy forms part of the northern border of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Claire-Fontaine, Landèves, and La Noue Adam. The commune is mostly forested in the east and west with farmland down the centre.[2]

The Aisne river forms the south-western border of the commune as it flows north to eventually join the Oise at Clairoix. The Fournelles flows through the centre of the commune from the north and joins the Aisne on the south-western border. Several tributaries rise in the commune and feed the Fournelles including the Martignère, the Ruisseau du Moulin des Bois, and the Chalan which forms part of the southern border of the commune.[2]

Clairefontaine and Landèves were municipalities in 1790 and merged into Ballay at the end of 1790.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In the 12th century Ballay was a lordship with a castle and a parish with a church dedicated to Notre-Dame which was an annex to Vandy. An Augustinian Priory, Notre-Dame of Landèves, was founded at Landèves in 1219 by two brother lords of Bally who made it religious. Since its foundation the priory served the parish of Ballay. The priory became an abbey in 1623. The abbey and church were destroyed during the French Revolution.

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean-Luc Payer
2008 2020 Christian Mielcarek

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 248 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
434 502 490 447 461 473 475 473 471
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 417 390 375 350 382 374 373
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
336 332 346 331 303 283 300 307 290
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
315 267 265 230 254 245 243 248 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
Population of Ballay

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Church of Notre-Dame
  • The Town Hall/School at Rue Notre-Dame (1925)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Church of Notre-Dame at Rue Notre-Dame (1925)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Flour Mill at Landèves (1921)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6] The Flour Mill contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Separator Machine (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
    • A Grinding Machine (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Cleaning Machine (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • An Ossberger Hydraulic Turbine (1922)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée EA08000002 Town Hall/School (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée EA08000001 Church of Notre-Dame (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA08000325 Flour Mill (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM08000173 Separator Machine (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM08000172 Grinding Machine (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM08000171 Cleaning Machine (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM08000170 Ossberger Hydraulic Turbine (French)