The ballet boot is a contemporary style of fetish footwear that merges the look of the pointe shoe with a high heel. The idea is to force the wearer's feet almost en pointe, like those of a ballerina, with the aid of long, slender heels. When upright, the feet are held nearly vertical by the heel, thus putting nearly all of the body's weight on the tips of the toes.
The heel height is usually 7 inches (18 centimetres) or more. It is as long as possible, so that the wearer's foot (ankle and toes) are fully pointed/extended in the shoe; any longer would prohibit standing or would require a platform. The boots may rise to any height on the leg. The knee-high and thigh-high versions may also have zippers (zips) to allow them to be donned and doffed more easily. The thigh-high versions may be designed to stop the leg being bent at the knee, further restricting mobility. There are also "ballet shoe" designs, including sandals, mules, and Mary Janes, many of which have buckles.
Some styles are equipped with supports similar to the toe box and shank of pointe shoes, though, unlike those of the pointe shoe, the structural design, construction, and integrity provide only limited mobility.
Ballerinas began dancing en pointe in the Romantic era, with the first recorded performance in 1832 by Marie Taglioni, in La Sylphide. The soft satin slippers that were used took many decades to develop into the stiff-tipped pointe shoes that we have come to recognize in the 20th and 21st centuries, which allow for a greater range of virtuosic technique. Aside from the ballet pointe shoe, another common ancestor to ballet boots and shoes is a Viennese fetish boot (circa 1900), which sported a dramatic 11-inch (28-centimetre) heel; the heel was actually longer than the sole of the shoe, thus making standing and/or walking impossible. Having grown in popularity since the 1980s, ballet boots and shoes are now available worldwide and through online shopping.
Ballet boots and shoes are not, however, intended for prolonged standing or walking, or functional for dancing. Instead, they act as a fetish object for sexual gratification, heightening the erotic appeal with the elements of bondage and submission. They are thus sometimes used in BDSM play. The boots, however, can cause enough discomfort by themselves: shortly after they are donned, the calves often begin to cramp and sting from overexertion if the wearer is not used to them. International Fetish Charlotte Brooke has walked around at FetishCon (a bondage and fetish convention) for a full nine-hour day. International Fetish Model Masuimi Max performs burlesque acts walking and dancing in fetish ballet boots. She also is the model featured in the painting by Olivia, entitled 'Little Dragon', wearing fetish ballet heels. This painting also inspired promotional photos for the 2008 I Am... Sasha Fierce album by Beyoncé, as well as the music video for her single "Green Light". Many fetishists of feet or footwear adore this type of boot. Beginners often find momentary walking and/or standing in them to be difficult and painful, which may also appeal to masochists. Arch-training devices and techniques are sometimes used to increase the wearer's instep in order to fit high heels such as these.
- Barringer, Janice, and Sarah Schlesinger. The Pointe Book: shoes, training & technique. Hightstown, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 2004.
- Heikes Heels. 2004. Foot Trainer. Accessed March 30, 2005. Website. Available from http://www.heikes-heels.de/english/trainer/training01.htm.
- Steele, Valerie. Fetish: Fashion, Sex and Power. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
- Trasko, Mary. Heavenly Soles: Extraordinary Twentieth-Century Shoes. ISBN 978-1-55859-324-4 New York: Abbeville Press, 1989.