Ballon, Charente-Maritime

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Ballon
011 Ballon ( 17290 ).JPG
Ballon is located in France
Ballon
Ballon
Coordinates: 46°03′28″N 0°57′04″W / 46.0578°N 0.9511°W / 46.0578; -0.9511Coordinates: 46°03′28″N 0°57′04″W / 46.0578°N 0.9511°W / 46.0578; -0.9511
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Rochefort
Canton Aigrefeuille-d'Aunis
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Emmanuel Devaud
Area1 12.18 km2 (4.70 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 740
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17032 / 17290
Elevation 0–47 m (0–154 ft)
(avg. 12 m or 39 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ballon is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ballonais or Ballonaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ballon is located some 12 km north of Rochefort and 6 km south of Aigrefeuille-d'Aunis. Access to the commune is by the D111 road from Thairé in the west which passes through the village and continues to Ciré-d'Aunis in the east. The D266 goes south-west from the village then west to join the D110 west of the commune. The commune is entirely farmland.[2]

The Canal de Charras forms the south-eastern border of the commune with the Canal des Roseaux joining it on the southern border and forming part of the south western border. In most of the commune - especially the south - there is an extensive network of canals including the Canal de Ceinture du Marais de Moullepieds and the Canal de Lileau.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Noël Gaynet
2014 2020 Emmanuel Devaud

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 740 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
638 581 572 700 669 674 658 627 628
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
659 659 657 596 663 647 610 581 534
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
481 487 479 453 417 396 370 322 349
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
366 345 378 432 482 526 633 740 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Entry to Ballon
Population of Ballon

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively young. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (18.2%) is lower than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50.9% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Ballon and Charente-Maritime Department in 2010

Ballon Ballon Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 22.2 24.4 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 15.0 16.9 16.4 14.3
30 to 44 Years 26.1 21.3 18.4 17.7
45 to 59 Years 19.5 18.8 20.8 20.6
60 to 74 Years 11.6 12.2 17.6 18.2
75 to 89 Years 5.3 5.5 9.1 12.5
90 Years+ 0.3 0.8 0.6 1.6

Sources:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]