Ballon d'Or (1956–2009)

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Michel Platini, who won three Ballons d'Or in succession

The Ballon d'Or (French pronunciation: ​[balɔ̃ dɔʁ], "Golden Ball") and often referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award, was an annual association football award. It was presented to the player who had been voted to have performed the best over the previous year. The award was conceived by France Football's chief magazine writer Gabriel Hanot, who asked his colleagues to vote for the player of the year in Europe in 1956. The inaugural winner was Stanley Matthews of Blackpool.[1]

Originally, journalists could only vote for European players at European clubs, meaning that players like Diego Maradona (who played in European football clubs but is not European) and Pelé (who neither played for a European club nor is European) were ineligible for the award.[2] A change in the rules in 1995 allowed non-European players to be eligible for the award if they played for a European club. The first non-European to win after the rule change was Milan's George Weah in the same year.[3] In 2007, any player in the world became eligible, and the number of journalists allowed to vote also increased; 96 journalists from around the world chose their top five players, as opposed to the 52 Europe-based journalists in 2006.[4]

Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini and Marco van Basten. Platini is the only player to have won the award three times in a row, when he won the award from 1983 to 1985.[1] Ronaldo became the first Brazilian to win the award in 1997, after non-Europeans were made eligible.[3] With seven awards each, Dutch and German players won the Ballon d'Or the most. Italian clubs Juventus and Milan had the most winners respectively; six players have won eight awards while playing for each team.[5] The final recipient of the Ballon d'Or was Lionel Messi, the third Argentine to win the award, but the first as an Argentine citizen.[6]

The Ballon d'Or and the men's FIFA World Player of the Year award were merged in 2010 and the world's best male player has since been awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or each year.[7] UEFA created the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award in 2011, so it could keep the prestige of the old Ballon d'Or after it was merged to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or.[8]

Winners[edit]

Year 1st Club Points 2nd Club Points 3rd Club Points
1956  Matthews, StanleyStanley Matthews (ENG) England Blackpool 47  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ARG) Spain Real Madrid 44  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Spain Real Madrid 33
1957  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ARG)[note 1][9] Spain Real Madrid 72  Wright, BillyBilly Wright (ENG) England Wolverhampton Wanderers 19  Edwards, DuncanDuncan Edwards (ENG)
 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)
England Manchester United
Spain Real Madrid
16
1958  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Spain Real Madrid 71  Rahn, HelmutHelmut Rahn (FRG) West Germany Rot-Weiss Essen 40  Fontaine, JustJust Fontaine (FRA) France Stade de Reims 23
1959  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ESP) Spain Real Madrid 80  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Spain Real Madrid 42  Charles, JohnJohn Charles (WAL) Italy Juventus 24
1960  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Spain Barcelona 54  Puskás, FerencFerenc Puskás (HUN) Spain Real Madrid 37  Seeler, UweUwe Seeler (FRG) West Germany Hamburg 33
1961  Sívori, OmarOmar Sívori (ITA)[note 2][10] Italy Juventus 46  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Italy Internazionale 40  Haynes, JohnnyJohnny Haynes (ENG) England Fulham 22
1962  Masopust, JosefJosef Masopust (TCH) Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague 65  Eusébio (POR) Portugal Benfica 53  Schnellinger, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Schnellinger (FRG) West Germany Köln 33
1963  Yashin, LevLev Yashin (URS) Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow 73  Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA) Italy Milan 53  Greaves, JimmyJimmy Greaves (ENG) England Tottenham Hotspur 33
1964  Law, DenisDenis Law (SCO) England Manchester United 61  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Italy Internazionale 43  Amancio (ESP) Spain Real Madrid 38
1965  Eusébio (POR) Portugal Benfica 67  Facchetti, GiacintoGiacinto Facchetti (ITA) Italy Internazionale 59  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Italy Internazionale 45
1966  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) England Manchester United 81  Eusébio (POR) Portugal Benfica 80  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 59
1967  Albert, FlóriánFlórián Albert (HUN) Hungary Ferencvárosi TC 68  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) England Manchester United 40  Johnstone, JimmyJimmy Johnstone (SCO) Scotland Celtic 39
1968  Best, GeorgeGeorge Best (NIR) England Manchester United 61  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) England Manchester United 53  Džajić, DraganDragan Džajić (YUG) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 46
1969  Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA) Italy Milan 83  Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA) Italy Cagliari 79  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 38
1970  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 77  Moore, BobbyBobby Moore (ENG) England West Ham United 70  Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA) Italy Cagliari 65
1971  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Netherlands Ajax 116  Mazzola, SandroSandro Mazzola (ITA) Italy Internazionale 57  Best, GeorgeGeorge Best (NIR) England Manchester United 56
1972  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 81  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)
 Netzer, GünterGünter Netzer (FRG)
West Germany Bayern Munich
West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
79 &
&
&
1973  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)[note 3][11] Spain Barcelona 96  Zoff, DinoDino Zoff (ITA) Italy Juventus 47  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 44
1974  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Spain Barcelona 116  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 105  Deyna, KazimierzKazimierz Deyna (POL) Poland Legia Warsaw 35
1975  Blokhin, OlegOleg Blokhin (URS) Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 122  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 42  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Spain Barcelona 27
1976  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 91  Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED) Belgium Anderlecht 75  Viktor, IvoIvo Viktor (TCH) Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague 52
1977  Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN) West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 74  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG)[note 4] West Germany Hamburg 71  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) France Nancy 70
1978  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG) West Germany Hamburg 87  Krankl, HansHans Krankl (AUT) Spain Barcelona 81  Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED) Belgium Anderlecht 50
1979  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG) West Germany Hamburg 118  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 52  Krol, RuudRuud Krol (NED) Netherlands Ajax 41
1980  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 122  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Spain Barcelona 34  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) France Saint-Étienne 33
1981  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 106  Breitner, PaulPaul Breitner (FRG) West Germany Bayern Munich 64  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Spain Barcelona 39
1982  Rossi, PaoloPaolo Rossi (ITA) Italy Juventus 115  Giresse, AlainAlain Giresse (FRA) France Bordeaux 64  Boniek, ZbigniewZbigniew Boniek (POL) Italy Juventus 53
1983  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Italy Juventus 110  Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish (SCO) England Liverpool 26  Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN) Denmark Vejle 25
1984  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Italy Juventus 110  Tigana, JeanJean Tigana (FRA) France Bordeaux 57  Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN) Italy Verona 48
1985  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Italy Juventus 127  Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN) Italy Verona 71  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Spain Barcelona 46
1986  Belanov, IgorIgor Belanov (URS) Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 84  Lineker, GaryGary Lineker (ENG)[note 5] Spain Barcelona 62  Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP) Spain Real Madrid 59
1987  Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED)[note 6][12] Italy Milan 106  Futre, PauloPaulo Futre (POR)[note 7] Spain Atlético Madrid 91  Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP) Spain Real Madrid 61
1988  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Italy Milan 129  Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED) Italy Milan 88  Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED)[note 8] Italy Milan 45
1989  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Italy Milan 129  Baresi, FrancoFranco Baresi (ITA) Italy Milan 80  Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED) Italy Milan 43
1990  Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER) Italy Internazionale 137  Schillaci, SalvatoreSalvatore Schillaci (ITA) Italy Juventus 84  Brehme, AndreasAndreas Brehme (GER) Italy Internazionale 68
1991  Papin, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Papin (FRA) France Marseille 141  Savićević, DejanDejan Savićević (YUG)
 Pančev, DarkoDarko Pančev (YUG)
 Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
Italy Internazionale
42 &
&
&
1992  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Italy Milan 98  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Spain Barcelona 80  Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED) Netherlands Ajax 53
1993  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Italy Juventus 142  Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED) Italy Internazionale 83  Cantona, EricEric Cantona (FRA) England Manchester United 34
1994  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Spain Barcelona 210  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Italy Juventus 136  Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA) Italy Milan 109
1995  Weah, GeorgeGeorge Weah (LBR)[note 9][13] Italy Milan 144  Klinsmann, JürgenJürgen Klinsmann (GER) Germany Bayern Munich 108  Litmanen, JariJari Litmanen (FIN) Netherlands Ajax 67
1996  Sammer, MatthiasMatthias Sammer (GER) Germany Borussia Dortmund 144  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 10] Spain Barcelona 143  Shearer, AlanAlan Shearer (ENG) England Newcastle United 107
1997  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 11][14] Italy Internazionale 222  Mijatović, PredragPredrag Mijatović (SCG) Spain Real Madrid 68  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Italy Juventus 63
1998  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Italy Juventus 244  Šuker, DavorDavor Šuker (CRO) Spain Real Madrid 68  Ronaldo (BRA) Italy Internazionale 66
1999  Rivaldo (BRA) Spain Barcelona 219  Beckham, DavidDavid Beckham (ENG) England Manchester United 154  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Italy Milan 64
2000  Figo, LuísLuís Figo (POR)[note 12][15] Spain Real Madrid 197  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Italy Juventus 181  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Italy Milan 85
2001  Owen, MichaelMichael Owen (ENG) England Liverpool 176  Raúl (ESP) Spain Real Madrid 140  Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER) Germany Bayern Munich 114
2002  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 13][16] Spain Real Madrid 169  Carlos, RobertoRoberto Carlos (BRA) Spain Real Madrid 145  Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER) Germany Bayern Munich 110
2003  Nedvěd, PavelPavel Nedvěd (CZE) Italy Juventus 190  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) England Arsenal 128  Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA) Italy Milan 123
2004  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Italy Milan 175  Deco (POR)[note 14] Spain Barcelona 139  Ronaldinho (BRA) Spain Barcelona 133
2005  Ronaldinho (BRA) Spain Barcelona 225  Lampard, FrankFrank Lampard (ENG) England Chelsea 148  Gerrard, StevenSteven Gerrard (ENG) England Liverpool 142
2006  Cannavaro, FabioFabio Cannavaro (ITA)[note 15][17] Spain Real Madrid 173  Buffon, GianluigiGianluigi Buffon (ITA) Italy Juventus 124  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) England Arsenal 121
2007  Kaká (BRA) Italy Milan 444  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) England Manchester United 277  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona 255
2008  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) England Manchester United 446  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona 281  Torres, FernandoFernando Torres (ESP) England Liverpool 179
2009  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona 473  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR)[note 16][18] Spain Real Madrid 233  Xavi (ESP) Spain Barcelona 170
2010 onwards Merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year awards to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or

Multiple winners[edit]

Johan Cruyff (1971)
Player Total Years
Netherlands Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff 3 1971, 1973, 1974
France Platini, MichelMichel Platini 3 1983, 1984, 1985
Netherlands Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten 3 1988, 1989, 1992
Argentina Spain Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano 2 1957, 1959
Germany Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer 2 1972, 1976
England Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan 2 1978, 1979
Germany Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge 2 1980, 1981
Brazil Ronaldo 2 1997, 2002

By country[edit]

Country Players Total
 Germany 5 7
 Netherlands 3 7
 France 4 6
 Italy 5 5
 Brazil 4 5
 England 4 5
 Portugal 3 3
 Soviet Union 3 3
 Spain 2 2
 Argentina 2 2
 Czech Republic 2 2
 Bulgaria 1 1
 Denmark 1 1
 Hungary 1 1
 Liberia 1 1
 Northern Ireland 1 1
 Scotland 1 1
 Ukraine 1 1

By club[edit]

Club Players Total
Italy Juventus 6 8
Italy Milan 6 8
Spain Barcelona 6 7
Spain Real Madrid 5 6
Germany Bayern Munich 3 5
England Manchester United 4 4
Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 2 2
Italy Internazionale 2 2
Germany Hamburg 1 2
England Blackpool 1 1
Czech Republic Dukla Prague 1 1
Russia Dynamo Moscow 1 1
Portugal Benfica 1 1
Hungary Ferencváros 1 1
Netherlands Ajax 1 1
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 1
France Marseille 1 1
Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 1
England Liverpool 1 1

Super Ballon d'Or[edit]

A special Ballon d'Or was given to Alfredo Di Stéfano, In December 1989, under the name of Super Ballon d'Or, which coincided with the 30th anniversary of the French magazine. It was given after a vote where Di Stéfano surpassed Johan Cruyff and Michel Platini. [19]

Football Player of the Century[edit]

In 1999 France Football consulted their former Ballon d'Or winners to elect the Football Player of the Century.[20] Brazilian Pelé received the most votes, been voted as the greatest of all time by 17 of the voters. Among the 34 former Ballon d'Or winners (from 1956 to 1999) 30 of them voted. Stanley Matthews, Omar Sivori and George Best refused to vote, and Lev Yashin was already dead. Each of the 30 voters chose 5 players. 5 points were given for the 1st place, 4 points for 2nd, 3 points for 3rd, 2 points for 4th and 1 point for 5th. Argentinian Alfredo Di Stéfano only chose a 1st place, Michel Platini a 1st and 2nd place, and George Weah 2 players for 5th place (giving ½ point to each one).

Player Nationality Points First place Second place Third place Fourth place Fifth place
1 Pelé  Brazil 122 17 5 4 2 1
2 Diego Maradona  Argentina 65 3 6 5 5 1
3 Johan Cruyff  Netherlands 62 1 4 7 9 2
4 Alfredo Di Stéfano  Argentina/ Colombia/ Spain 44 4 3 3 1 1
5 Michel Platini  France 40 1 5 1 3 6

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Alfredo Di Stéfano acquired Spanish citizenship in 1956, and went on to play for the Spanish national football team.
  2. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Omar Sívori acquired Italian citizenship in 1961, and went on to play for the Italian national football team.
  3. ^ Johan Cruyff was signed by Barcelona from Ajax mid-way through 1973.
  4. ^ Kevin Keegan was signed by Hamburg from Liverpool mid-way through 1977.
  5. ^ Gary Lineker was signed by Barcelona from Everton mid-way through 1986.
  6. ^ Ruud Gullit was signed by Milan from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1987.
  7. ^ Paulo Futre was signed by Atlético Madrid from Porto mid-way through 1987.
  8. ^ Frank Rijkaard was signed by Milan from Real Zaragoza mid-way through 1988.
  9. ^ George Weah was signed by Milan from Paris Saint-Germain mid-way through 1995.
  10. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Barcelona from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1996.
  11. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Internazionale from Barcelona mid-way through 1997.
  12. ^ Luís Figo was signed by Real Madrid from Barcelona mid-way through 2000.
  13. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Internazionale mid-way through 2002.
  14. ^ Deco was signed by Barcelona from Porto mid-way through 2004.
  15. ^ Fabio Cannavaro was signed by Real Madrid from Juventus mid-way through 2006.
  16. ^ Cristiano Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Manchester United mid-way through 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ronaldo joins legendary list". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Matthews wins first Golden Ball". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "The 1990s Ballon d'Or winners". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  4. ^ "Kaka wins 2007 award". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Rankings by Wins". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Messi obtiene el Balón de oro 2009". El Economista (in Spanish). 1 December 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009. 
  7. ^ "The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "How the award came about". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Bellwood, Tom (4 December 2009). "The best footballers to have never played in the World Cup". Daily Mail. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Juve legend Sívori dies". uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. 18 February 2005. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Johan Cruyff". Laureus. Retrieved 6 December 2008. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Sexy football to sexy golf, Gullit shows his class". The Scotsman (Johnston Press Digital Publishing). 4 October 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  13. ^ Harris, Nick (7 December 2004). "George Weah: favourite to win biggest battle – leading his country off the field". The Independent (Associated Press). Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  14. ^ "Fast facts on Ronaldo". Sports Illustrated. Reuters. 31 August 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  15. ^ Nash, Elizabeth (25 July 2000). "Figo defects to Real Madrid for record £37.2m". The Independent (Associated Press). Retrieved 6 December 2008. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Real ropes Ronaldo". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. 31 August 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  17. ^ "Real sign Cannavaro and Emerson". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 19 July 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  18. ^ "Man Utd accept £80m Ronaldo bid". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2009. 
  19. ^ http://www.goal.com/es/news/27/liga-de-espa%C3%B1a/2011/12/24/2816156/real-madrid-21-a%C3%B1os-del-%C3%BAnico-s%C3%BAper-bal%C3%B3n-de-oro-de-la
  20. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/best-x-players-of-y.html#ff-poc

External links[edit]