Bally, Howrah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Bally (disambiguation).
Bally, Howrah
Bally
বালি (Bengali)
City
Bally, Howrah is located in West Bengal
Bally, Howrah
Bally, Howrah
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°39′N 88°20′E / 22.65°N 88.34°E / 22.65; 88.34Coordinates: 22°39′N 88°20′E / 22.65°N 88.34°E / 22.65; 88.34
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Howrah
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 291,972
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 711201
Lok Sabha constituency Howrah
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bally
Website howrah.gov.in

Bally (Bengali: বালি) is a city municipality in Howrah District, West Bengal, India. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.[1][dead link] It is a town of historical importance. Located at the north-eastern tip of the Howrah district, on the banks of the River Hooghly, it is just across the river from the Dakshineswar Kali Temple and near the Belur Math.

Geography[edit]

Bally is located at 22°39′N 88°20′E / 22.65°N 88.34°E / 22.65; 88.34.[2] It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet). There is a man-made canal named the 'Bally Khal' that marks the boundary between Bally and the adjoining town of Uttarpara in Hooghly District. Once Uttarpara was the northern part of Bally; Uttarpara means "Northern Ward." The Hooghly river separates it from Dakshineswar of Kolkata district.

History[edit]

Bally was originally marshland without permanent human settlement. Only fishermen (of Patni and Malo castes, and Muslims) lived there. Their trade was fishing, selling fishing equipment and providing ferry service. The area took its name from the sand and sand dunes, Bally meaning "sand in" Bengali). Belur is a neighbourhood in Bally Municipality which was also named after the word Baliadi meaning sand dune. This place was inhabited almost 250 years or more, older than Kolkata city.[citation needed]

Temples[edit]

Kalyaneshwar Mandir is a Shiva temple situated in Bally, Howrah, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is more than 500 years old and is visited by millions of monks and devotees every year.[citation needed] It is surrounded by Kali, Ganesh, Vishnu and Bajrangbali Temples. It is situated at the north-eastern tip of the Howrah district, on the banks of the River Hooghly, across the river from the Dakshineswar Kali Temple and near the Belur Math. The temple was created by villagers more than 500 years ago, sponsored by the Jamindar (local baron) of that time. Legends say that Ramakrishna Dev visited the temple frequently along with his followers from Ramakrishna Mission, including Swami Vivekananda and Swami Brahmananda. This ritual is still followed by the monks of Ramakrishna Mission.

Festivals[edit]

The famous festivals in this temple are Maha Shivaratri and Charaksankranti. Other important festivals include Ramnavami and rash mela.

Transportation[edit]

Bally is well connected by road, rail and water. Three major railway lines connect Bally, the Howrah-Barddhaman or Tarakeswar Main Line, the Howrah-Barddhaman Chord Line and the Sealdah-Dankuni Line. There are five railway stations (Bally Ghat, Bally Halt, Bally, Rajchandrapur, Bally Main and Belanagar) (also known as the Calcutta Chord Rail).

The Grand Trunk Road passes through Bally. The town is connected with the northern bank of the Ganges by the Vivekananda Setu (formerly known as Bally Bridge) and the Second Vivekananda Bridge (also known as Nivedita Setu). Central Kolkata is 10 km from Bally. Bally has a ferry pier - Bally Ghat. Bally is a suburb of Kolkata. A large part of its population goes to Kolkata for work.

One major improvement in Bally in terms of transportation is the introduction of TukTuk (locally called ToTo)in 2014, which are electric battery powered auto rickshaw. It is completely pollution free and less in noise. On its launch, it was well received by residents of Bally and Belur.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Bally had a population of 261,575. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Bally has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 74%. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

  • Don Bosco, Liluah
  • Little Star High School, BadamTala
  • M.C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth, Liluah
  • Sunrise (Eng. Med.) School, Belur Math
  • Agrasen Balika Vidyalay
  • Bally Shikshaniketan [For Boys]
  • Bally Shikshaniketan (Muktakeshi) [For Girls]
  • Bally Jora-Aswatthatala Vidyalay
  • Bally Banga Shisu (Balika) Vidayalaya
  • Bally Nischinda Chittaranjan Vidyalaya [For Boys]
  • Bally Shantiram High School
  • Bally Girls High School (previously MaCaulay School]
  • Bally Pallimangal School [For Boys]
  • Bally Pallimangal School [For Girls]
  • Bally Pallimangal School [For Primary]
  • Model School Bally Chaital Para
  • Bally Gajendra Balika Vidyalaya
  • Palghat High School, Bally
  • Bally Utkal Vidyapith, B.J.M. Colony, Bally
  • Dhonoballab Smriti Vidyalaya
  • Kamalbithi School
  • Asutosh Primary School
  • Kalyaneshwar Mandir

Locality[edit]

Bally is bounded by the Hooghly river and the GT road to the east, Bally Khal and Uttarpara-Makhla to the north, Belanagar to the west and Belur to the south. Howrah-Burdwan mainline and Sealdah-Dumdum trainline divides bally into four quadrants.

South-East: Bally Bazaar, the main market) is located in the north-west quadrant. Chaitalpara, Pathakpara, Badamtala, Dewangaji are other areas located in north-west. Bally Police Station, Bally Sadharon Granthagar(library) etc. most of the important administrative and historical buildings are present in this quadrant. Famous Meckel's Saraswati puja is an attraction of this area.

South-West: Ghoshpara, Nischinda, Anandanagar. Nischinda had one of the biggest refugee conglomeration after partition.

North-East: Bally Jute Mill, Haptabazaar. Famous ancient Burimar mandir is located here.

North-West: Durgapur, Ramchandrapur, Makaltala, Samabaypalli, Sahebbagan. There are lots of jheels(man-made lakes) here. Most of the areas fall under bally durgapur abhaynagar gram panchayet. Historically, not so developed this area recently has seen influx of educated middle class Bengalis.

Famous residents[edit]

Bally has been home to several eminent personalities, notably from the world of sports including Samar (Badru) Banerjee, Olympic Football Captain 1956, Sri Satyajit Chatterjee and Biru Chatterjee of Mohun Bagan Club. Sachindra Nath Mitra (Langcha da) was a renowned footballer who coached India several times. Ranjit Sur is a popular vernacular teacher.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metroploitan area". Kolkata Metroploitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bally
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.