Ballymacarrett

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Loyalist mural in Ballymacarrett Road. It was removed in 2011 after standing for over 10 years.
Current Loyalist mural in Ballymacarrett Road. It replaced the former mural but still shows all the men of the previous mural.

Ballymacarrett or Ballymacarret (from Irish Baile Mhic Gearóid, meaning "MacGearóid's settlement")[1] is the name of both a townland and electoral ward in Belfast. The townland is in County Down and the electoral ward is part of the Pottinger district electoral area of Belfast City Council.

The ward was created in 1973 with most of the population coming from the former Pottinger ward. The ward was slightly enlarged in 1985, taking in part of the Island ward.

The ward consists of two distinct districts : Ballymacarrett itself, which is almost entirely Protestant, and the Short Strand which is almost entirely Catholic, with the two separated by a peaceline. Consequently in the 2001 census, the Roman Catholic community background figure was 51%.

Set in the shadows of the Harland and Wolff cranes Samson & Goliath, large numbers of local men worked in the shipyard during its heyday. The area is also well known for 'Ulster's Freedom Corner', a series of loyalist murals.

History[edit]

The Troubles[edit]

In some ways the ward has been a microcosm of the Northern Ireland troubles. The June 1970 "Battle of Saint Matthew's" occupies an important place in Irish republican history after a gun battle between republicans and loyalists, who were accused of attacking the church. Loyalists counter this with claims that three Orange Order members were killed after returning from a parade. It is seen as one of the key developments in the rise to prominence of the Provisional IRA. Similarly on the Ballymacarrett side of the peaceline, Protestant residents have claimed that Republicans are engaged in attacks on Protestant homes which amount to 'ethnic cleansing' – claims which Republicans dispute and deny.[2]

2011 East Belfast riots[edit]

Ballymacarrett and the nearby Newtownards Road played a key part in what became the 2011 Northern Ireland riots. At first, the riots were only located in the area and were known as the 2011 East Belfast riots but by July, the riots had spread to other parts of the country. During the riots, the Protestants in the area were going against Short Strand Catholics.

Transport[edit]

A large railway junction existed at Ballymacarrett, serving the Belfast and County Down Railway from its Queens Quay terminus, to Bangor in the north, and the mainline running south to Comber, Downpatrick and Newcastle. There was also an interconnection over the river Lagan to the Great Northern Railway and on to Belfast Central railway station.

Ballymacarrett Junction was the scene of a serious railway accident which occurred at 7.50am on 10 January 1945 when the 7.40am rail motor Holywood to Belfast crashed into the rear of the 7.10am Bangor to Belfast train. 22 passengers were killed, and 23 injured. The darkness and local fog were a factor but the driver of the rail motor was held to blame.[3]

Ballymacarrett Halt railway station was located on the B&CDR route from Belfast to Bangor. It opened on 1 May 1905, but closed on 9 May 1977,[4] when the adjacent Bridge End railway station opened.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Placenames NI: Townland of Ballymacarret
  2. ^ Guardian
  3. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/MoC_Ballymacarrett1945.pdf
  4. ^ "Ballymacarrett Halt". Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-11.