Location of Balneário Camboriú
|Incorporated||July 20, 1964|
|• Mayor||Edson Renato Dias (PMDB)|
|• City||46 km2 (17.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||2,050.9/km2 (5,270.6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|HDI (2000)||0.867 – high|
Balneário Camboriú (Portuguese pronunciation: [bawneˈaɾju kɐ̃boɾiˈu]) is a major beach resort in the Brazilian southern state of Santa Catarina. The town, with its steep hills dropping down to the sea, is popular amongst South Americans. The main ocean boulevard is called Avenida Atlântica (Atlantic Avenue). Balneário Camboriú is famous for the cable car which (uniquely in the world) links the city's central beach and the beach of Laranjeiras. The town is located 10 km (6.2 mi) south of the city of Itajaí, 96 km (60 mi) south of the city of Joinville, and 80 km (50 mi) north of the state capital, Florianópolis. The city has a population of 124,557 (2014 census office estimate), which swells to over one million in the summer.
In a story published in late February 2012 by Forbes magazine, about the ascent of electronic music in Brazil, Balneário Camboriú was presented as "the capital of e-music" in the country. According to Forbes, Balneário Camboriú is the home to the two best clubs in Brazil, the Warung club and the Green Valley club, which the publication claims to make up to $1.6 million per night. On 2012, the famous nightclub Space opened an affiliate in the city, the Space B. Camboriú. The city is also known by the nickname "Brazilian Dubai", due to its high number of skyscrapers and affluent tourists.
Balneário Camboriú means "Golfo do Mar (Sea Gulf)", in an Amerindian language. Ilha das Cabras (Goats' Island) is directly opposite the city and is too small for inhabitation but is lit at night. Sailings from nearby Laranjeiras Beach take place aboard 17th century-style pirate ships and sail around the island before returning to Laranjeiras. The city also has a statue similar to the Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) in Rio de Janeiro, called Cristo Luz, but the one in Balneário Camboriú portrays Jesus with a broad-brimmed hat on his shoulder, which houses a spotlight that shines out to sea. The Cristo Luz is lit at night as well, but with lights that change colours periodically. Another common sight in the city are paragliders that along the beach, alongside the tall buildings, from the gliderport in nearby Praia dos Amores, located 1 km (0.6 mi) to the north of the city. To the west the city is bordered by the Camboriú River, which meets the ocean at the southernmost limit of the central portion of the city, where the cable car (teleférico) mentioned above is located.
The foundation of the city of Balneario Camboriu occurred only in 1964, when emancipation of Camboriú going to have the same name but with the adjective "Spa" incorporated into the name. The first inhabitants of the region were the indigenous Tupi-Guaraní tribe. The settlement began to occur with the arrival of the Azores Baltasar Pinto Corrêa. Some years after the arrival of the Azores began to see groups of Germans in search of fertile land in the region, and founded the town of Bom Sucesso. In 1848 became a district of the city of Itajaí, called the Neighborhood bar with the construction of the Church of Our Lady of Good Success. In 1884 it was dismembered from the city of Itajaí leading Camboriu.
The settlement movement in the region began in 1758 when a few families from Porto Belo were established at the site known as Our Lady of Bonsucesso, later called Barra. Attracted by the fertility of soil and climate, have other families of German origin, from the valley of the Itajaí and Blumenau. Em 1836, chegou ao local Tomás Francisco Garcia com sua família e alguns escravos . In 1836, Thomas came to the place Francisco Garcia and his family and some slaves. Hence the former name of Garcia, which the village was known.
In 1930, the privileged geographical location, it started phase of occupation of the region preferred by swimmers and, two years later, built the first hotel, at the confluence of the central and Atlantic avenues.
In 1964, the district earned autonomy, to commune with the toponymy of Balneario de Camboriu, amended in 1979 to Balneario Camboriu.
There are two versions about the origin of toponymy Camboriu. One of popular origin, due to a sharp bend in the river near the mouth, says, when asked by someone looking for a person, the residents there said "Camba the river," word much used by fishermen in the region. The second version (and more acceptable) is the priest Raulin Reitz: maps and old indicate the name Rio Camboriu there before European settlement in the area of origin, the toponymy Camboriú comes from Tupi, formed by the agglutination of the words: Camboriu-u.
The district was created under the name of Praia de Camboriu, by law municipal No 18 of October 20, 1954, subject to the city of Camboriu.
In the context effect for the period from 1954 to 1958, the district of Praia de Camboriu figure in the city of Camboriu.
High category of municipality under the name of Balneario de Camboriu, by state law No 960 of April 8, 1964, dismembered of Camboriu. Sede no antigo distrito de Praia do Camboriú. Headquarters in the old district of Praia do Camboriú. Consists of the district headquarters. Installed on July 20, 1964.
The region was originally colonized by settlers from the Azores, the majority of the population of Balneário Camboriú is descended from Portuguese.
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The main economic activity of the city is civil engineering. In the southern end of the city, there is a cable car at the Tourist Complex UNIPRAIAS that binds the central beach to the nearby Laranjeiras beach. There are many other beaches in the southern region of Balneario Camboriu, such as bamboos, Estaleiro, Estaleirinho, and Pinho beach which is the first officially designated nudist beach in Brazil. These beaches are linked by one road called Interpraias, up to the limits of the municipality of Itapema. Its economy is also facing overvalued real estate with an average of R$3,000/square meter. Balneario Camboriu is sought after by not only Brazilians but also tourists from Latin America, North America and some countries in Europe. Other prevalent forms of economic activity within the city are in trade and services industries. There are around 100 hotels, 350 buildings and 1,035 buildings for the upper and middle classes.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Temperature of sea water of Camboriu Balneario The temperature of sea water for this region of Balneario Camboriu ranges from 16 °C on average (in winter) to 24.4 °C on average (in summer), whereas in autumn and spring is around 21 °C The warmest months are: February and March are the two best months to enjoy the beach.
The climate is considered mild and is the classification of Köppen Cfa type (mesothermic humid with hot summers). In summer, though hot, hardly ever reach the 40 °C, and its average is 25 °C. In winter, the average temperature is around 15 °C, but the minimum in the early morning cooler can attain values between 0 °C and 4 °C. The annual average is 19 °C. The climate is generally humid, with mean annual rainfall of 1,500 mm, with no defined dry season (the rainfall regime is typical of the humid subtropical type of climate). Possible floods and droughts hit the city, damaging its economy and population.
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