Balochistan Liberation Army
|Balochistan Liberation Army|
|Participant in Balochistan conflict|
Flag of the Baluchistan Liberation Army
|Allies||Baloch Liberation Front, Baloch Republican Army, Lashkar-e-Balochistan, Balochistan Liberation United Front, BSO (Azad), India (Alleged)|
The Balochistan Liberation Army (also Baloch Liberation Army or Balochistan Liberation Army) (BLA) is a separatist militant group based in Balochistan, a mountainous region of western Pakistan. The Baloch Liberation Army became publicly known during the summer of 2000, after it claimed credit for a series of bombing attacks on Pakistani authorities.
Pakistani authorities allege that BLA is funded by the government of India. The former Interior Minister of Pakistan, Rehman Malik said that, "BLA was raised and funded by Russia during Soviet-Afghan war when Pakistan was supporting Afghans and now India is backing its activities."
Designation as a terrorist organisation
Balochistan Liberation Army was declared a terrorist organisation in Pakistan in April 2006, after a series of attacks conducted by the group targeting security personnel, civilians and journalists. On 17 July 2006, the government of the United Kingdom listed the BLA as a "proscribed group" based on the Terrorism Act 2000. The group's actions have been described as terrorism by the United States Department of State; however, BLA itself has not been declared as a terrorist organization either by US or EU.
- The Quaid-e-Azam Residency, a historical residence in Balochistan where Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life, was attacked by rockets on 15 June 2013. The building was heavily demolished as a result of the attack. Militants belonging to the Balochistan Liberation Army claimed responsibility. The militants also removed the flag of Pakistan from the monument site, replacing it with a BLA flag.
- "Nawabzada Hyrbyair Marri | Baloch Leader @ Pakistan Herald". Pakistanherald.com. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "All Baloch shouldn`t be tarred with same brush | Latest news, Breaking news, Pakistan News, World news, business, sport and multimedia | DAWN.COM". Archives.dawn.com. 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "Balochistan Liberation Army". Violent Extremism Knowledge Base. Institute for the Study of Violent Groups.
- "Rockets hit south-west Pakistan". BBC. 14 December 2005.
- Butt, Qaiser (1947-08-14). "Heritage under attack: PkMAP says it views Ziarat Residency as a ‘symbol of slavery’ – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- By Reuters. "BLA claims attack on Jinnah residency in Ziarat – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "India backing Balochistan Liberation Army: Rehman Malik". Asian Tribune. 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "Militant Islamist groups banned under terror law", Richard Ford, The Times, 18 July 2006
- Chapter 2 -- Country Reports: South and Central Asia Overview Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, April 30, 2007[dead link]
- "Terrorist Organization Profile - START - National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism". Start.umd.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "BLA claims attack on Jinnah residency in Ziarat". The Express Tribune. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013.