Baluch Liberation Front

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Baloch Liberation Front
Leader(s) Sher Mohammad Marri
Dr. Allah Nazar Baloch (2009-present)
Motives To free Balochistan from Pakistan
Active region(s) Balochistan
Ideology Baluch nationalism
Anti-imperialism
Anti-colonialism
Anti-Zionism
Secularism[1]
Assassinations
Size 6,000 (own claim)[1]

The Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) is a political front and militant group founded by Jumma Khan Marri in 1964 in Damascus, and played an important role in the 1968-1980 insurgency in Pakistani Balochistan and Iranian Balochistan. The BLF has been supported by Arab nationalists leaders.[citation needed] The group deny any type of collaboration with Jundullah, because of their religious extremism, as well as deny been backed by India.[1]

History[edit]

From 1968 to 1973, the BLF was supported by Iraq in the Iranian Baluch revolt[citation needed]. Iraq reduced its support after Iranian Baluch leaders made a deal with the Shah of Iran[citation needed]. Iraq kept its ties with Iranian Baluchs and Central Baluchs[citation needed]. In 1973, Iraq supported the Baluchistan Liberation Front in a Central Baluchistan insurgency[citation needed]. In the same year, Pakistani authorities discovered arms in the Iraqi embassy in Islamabad intended for the BLF's use in Balochistan. Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto dismissed the provincial government of Balochistan. The move offended the BLF, who responded by ambushing Pakistani army convoys. Balochistan entered into insurgency, and Pakistan deployed over 80,000 troops in the Baluch region[citation needed].

In 1974, the Pakistani army started a widespread operation in Baluchistan.The militants fled to Afghanistan, where Iraq and the Soviet Union helped the BLF reorganize.

In August 2012, Reporters without borders announced that BBC’s Urdu service correspondent in Quetta Ayub Tareen has been threatened by the BLF for his perceived partisan reporting on the group's political activities.[2]

On early 27 July 2013, gunmen attacked a coastguard checkpost in Suntsar, Gwadar District. While the provincial home secretary admitted that 7 coastguard officials were killed and 7 wounded, other intelligence sources claim that the number of deaths were 10. BLF claimed responsibility for the attack, stating that 25 coastguards were killed, and 2 kidnapped, while 2 of their militants were also killed in the gunfire.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Karlos Zurutuza (26 October 2012). "Q&A: ‘Baloch Groups to Unite Against Pakistan’". Inter Press Service. 
  2. ^ BBC CORRESPONDENT IN QUETTA THREATENED BY BALOCH LIBERATION FRONT Reporters without borders, 1 August 2012
  3. ^ BALOCH LIBERATION FRONT GUNMEN KILLED AT LEAST SEVEN OFFICIALS AND INJURED ANOTHER SEVEN IN EARLY MORNING ATTACK. Newsweek (AFP), 27 July 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Study of Revenge: The First World Trade Center Attack and Saddam Hussein's War Against America By Laurie Mylroie

Summary, ISBN 0-8447-4169-8.

  • Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature By Albert J. Jongman, Alex Peter Schmid, ISBN 1-4128-0469-8

External links[edit]