Baluch rugs are hand knotted rugs that are woven in Baluchistan, which covers the South Eastern Province of Baluchistan in Iran, southwest of Afghanistan, and east of Pakistan, near the borders of the three countries. Baluchi rugs are tribal by nature and were initially made to be used inside tribal tents, which are often mobile and moved from one place to another. Therefore, as a matter of practicality they are produced in smaller sizes, the most common of which are 3' x 4' or 4' x 6', and they are usually limited to less than 8 feet in length.
Pile rugs in general are made from a mix of wool and cotton, in which cotton is used as the base of the rug, and wool forms the pile. In Baluch rugs, unlike most others, the foundation of the rug is also made of wool. The wool used in Baluch rugs is normally hand spun and, until very recently, Baluch rugs have been colored using natural and vegetable dyes. These rugs are known for their resilience. However, due to the type of materials used and the circumstances, the knot density in Baluchi rugs is lower than most hand knotted rugs. Baluchi rugs are often woven with geometric motifs and tribal designs, most of them using darker colors, which is consistent for the environment in which they are used.