Balrampur

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Balrampur district. For disambiguation, see Balrampur.
Balrampur
बलरामपुर
city
Balrampur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Balrampur
Balrampur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°26′N 82°11′E / 27.43°N 82.18°E / 27.43; 82.18Coordinates: 27°26′N 82°11′E / 27.43°N 82.18°E / 27.43; 82.18
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Balrampur
Government
 • Type Parliamentary Seat
 • Body Shravasti
Elevation 106 m (348 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 90,000
 • Density 692/km2 (1,790/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 47
Sex ratio 912/1000/
Website www.balrampur.nic.in

Balrampur is a city and a municipal board in Balrampur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is situated on the bank of river Rapti and is the district headquarters of Balarampur district.

Demographics[edit]

Balrampur had population as of 2011 census is 90000.

Religions in Balrampur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
61%
Muslims
  
37%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Historical significance[edit]

Balrampur city is in close vicinity of Shravasti where Lord Gautam Buddha is considered to have displayed his supernatural powers in the spiritual transformation of Angulimala, a famous dacoit who wore a necklace (mala) of fingers (anguli).[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Balrampur is located at 27°26′N 82°11′E / 27.43°N 82.18°E / 27.43; 82.18. It has an average elevation of 105 metres (344 ft).[3]

Archaeological sites[edit]

Two prominent archaeological sites, Jetavana and Savatthi, or Saheth and Maheth, as they are locally known, are located in the vicinity of Balrampur city. Alexander Cunningham used the ancient (6th century CE) accounts of Chinese pilgrim-monks to determine that Saheth-Maheth actually referred to Jetavana and Savatthi.[4]

Saheth, covering an area of 32 acres, was the site of the Jetavana monastery. It became an important place of pilgrimage, adorned with numerous shrines, stupas and monasteries. The stupas belong mostly to the Kushan period, while the temples are in the Gupta style. The remains date from the Mauryan era (3rd century BCE) to the 12th century CE. One of the earliest stupas, contained relics of the Buddha. A colossal statue of the Buddha was also found here which is now preserved in the Indian Museum, Kolkata.

Maheth covers an area of about 400 acres (160 ha), and has been identified with the remains of the city proper and is located about 0.25 miles (0.40 km) to the north-east of Saheth. Excavations have exposed the massive gates of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other structures which testify to the prosperity of ancient Sravasti. The Sobhanath Temple is located here. The ruins of Maheth includes two stupas. One stupa, known as Pakki Kuti, is said to be that of Angulimala while the other, known as Kachchi Kuti, is believed to be that of Sudatta, a disciple of Buddha.[5] Pakki Kuti and Kacchi Kuti were later converted into Brahmanical temples.

The Emperor Ashoka visited Jetavana, and the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen- Tsang (Xuanzang)mentions two Ashokan pillars at Sravasti. Other places of interest include the Swarnagandha Kuti where Gautama Buddha lived. In Jetavana is also located the second-holiest tree of Buddhism: the Anandabodhi Tree.[6]

Tourism and culture[edit]

The district has very rich literary heritage. Famous Urdu poet Ali Sardar Jafri was born here in 1913. He is among the only four Urdu poets who got the prestigious Jnanpith award (other three are Firak Gorakhpuri, Kurtulain Hyder and Shaharyar). The other notable poet of the city is Syed Ali Mehdi Rizvi, very famous for his religious Urdu poetry such as Mussadas, Marsiya, Salam, Rubai, Nauha etc. Apart from extensively writing the religious poetry, his other notable works include poetic representation of History of India named "Matla-e-Watan" and translation of Bhagavad Gita in Urdu poetry. Apart from that the birthplace of Mohd Shafi Khan also known as Bekal Utsahi is Balrampur. He has the distinction of being a former member of Rajya Sabha . In 1976 he got Padmashree Award in the field of literature. During a visit to the Mazar of Hazrat Vaaris Ali Shah of Devan-Sharif in 1945 Shah Hafiz Pyari Miyan quoted, "Bedam Gaya Bekal aaya". After that incident Mohammad Shafi Khan converted his name as "Bekal Varsi".During the period of Pandit Nehru in 1952 an interesting event happened, which resulted in the emergence of Bekal Utsahi. There was an election programme of congress party in Gonda at that time. Bekal Varsi welcomed Pandit Nehru by his poetry "Kisan Bharat Ka". Nehru was very much impressed and said,"Yeh hamara utsahi shayar hai".Finally he is renowned as Bekal Utsahi in the literary world.

One of the most popular Hindu worship place is situated in Tulsipur about 27 kilometers from the district headquarters. It is known as Devi Patan.[7]

Patan Devi Temple, Tulsipur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Patan Devi Temple, Tulsipur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The temple has the distinction of having included in 51 "Shaktipeethas" of Goddess Durga according to Hindu mythology. It is believed that during the event when Lord Shiva was carrying the corpse of his wife Sati, the light shoulder of Sati had fallen here. Revered by Hindus in India and Nepal, millions of pilgrims visit this place throughout the year. A Grand festival has been organized at the time of Durga Puja. During the month of chaitra a "Mela" has also been organized every year. One of the salient feature of this event is "Shobha Yatra" of Peer Ratan Nath. Every year devotees from Dang district of Nepal used to come here as an integral part of yatra.

The Devi Patan Siddha Peeth had been established by Guru Gorakshnath of the Nath Sampradaya. The existing temple here is said by to be constructed King Vikramaditya. In the 1lth century King Suheldeo of Sravasti had renovated the temple. The Royal family of Balrampur, is today the caretaker of the temple. A large fair takes place in Navratri and every year on Chaitra Panchami the deity of Pir Ratan Nath is brought from Dang in Nepal to the Devi Patan temple where it is worshipped along with the Devi.

Apart from that Bijleshwari Devi temple is also famous among the local people.

Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The area where the temple is situated is known as Bijlipur.

Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The temple is built by the Maharaja of Balrampur in the 19th Century and is a fine example of intricate carving in red stone, which cover the whole structure.

Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The sanctum sanctorum has no idol but a deep covered hole in the ground, where legend has it that lightening fell to mark the spot for the building the temple. It has the distance of about 6 kilometers from Balrampur city. Jharkhandi Temple on the opposite side of Jharkhandi Railway Station of Gonda-Gorakhpur loop line attracts the attention of Balrampurites as well as other people too. The Festival of "Moharram" is celebrated with full enthusiasm.It is the landmark amongst the Moharram of whole country. In the recent past, a Daen Maha Mongkol International Meditation Centre, in Sravasti India, one of the two centers (other in Thailand) has been established by Upasika Bongkot Sitthipol with the emphasis on education to cultivate virtues, great wisdom & kindness, giving rise to peace & true happiness in the world.

Daen Mahamongkol Chai, Sravasti, Uttar Pradesh, India

For almost thirty years, the training in meditation & wisdom for the public & youth from Thailand & other countries is being provided free of charge by the centre. The centre has six big halls for meditation which can accommodate up to 3000 people, each with the provision of solitary meditation in the huts along with large dining halls for devotees & visitors.[8]

About 50 mts. ahead of Rahi Yatri Nivas on Balrampur-Bahriach Road (SH-26) in Sravasti, which is considered one of the most important & popular holy places of Jains. The third Tirthankar Sambhavnath was born here and it was here that he attained the ultimate light of knowledge through meditation.[9] Shobhnath Temple (Jain temple)is also located in the Mahet area of Sravasti at a distance of about 1 km from Jetvan Monastery on the road leading to Kachchi Kuti, & Pakki Kuti. He took diksha at Sahetuk forest (hence Sahet). Few sculptures of Jain Tirthankars in standing & seated posture (belonging to 10th & 11th century) have been found during the excavations of this area. Excavations of nearby area have also exposed the remains of three temple complexes.[10]

The 8th Tirthankar Lord Chandra Prabhu is also said to have meditated here. The birthday of Lord Sambhavnath is celebrated here in a big way on Kartik Purnima (Oct-Nov).

During British period Balrampur riyasat was one of the important states of Avadh area. The amazing Neel Bagh Palace is also situated inside the city. It is One of the most frequently visited place by the tourists. Presently Dharmendra Prasad Singh is the member of former monarchy. He is also the curator of famous Maharani Lal Kunwari Post Graduate College, Balrampur.

Dynasty[edit]

Balrampur dynasty belongs to Janwaar Kshatriya(Descendant of Janmejay The Great Kuru King and the great grandson of Arjun) is one of the very rich dynasty in India. Currently Maharaja Dharmendra Prasad Singh holds the crown of Balrampur Riyasat. The famous institution M.L.K. P.G. College

Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

[11] is established by Rajpariwar. The oldest inter college of the city Maharaja Pateshwari Prasad inter college is also established in 1883 by Rajpariwar. Beside these things Rajpariwar has opened many hospital, inn, schools etc.The famous Balrampur Hospital in Lucknow is one of the finest example of their charitable works.

Educational facilities[edit]

The royal family of Balrampur promoted education in the city and set up the oldest Inter College in 1883. The Maharani Lal Kunwari Post Graduate College (M.L.K. P.G. College) was founded in 1955 with the Maharaja donating the campus and buildings of the City Palace to set up the institution.

Maharani Lal Kunwari P.G. College, Balrampur, India

[12]

Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Politics[edit]

Before delimitation the parliamentary constituency was known as Balrampur. Presently Vinay Kumar Pandey alias Vinnu Bhaiyya (Congress) is representing the Shrawasti parliamentary constituency. During 2009 Lok Sabha Election Vinay Kumar Pandey defeated two times former MP Rizwan Zaheer Khan of Bahujan Samaj Party.

Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was declared elected for the first time from Balrampur Loksabha seat in 1957. Although in 1962 he lost the election to Subhadra Joshi (Congress). But in 1967 once again Vajpayee emerged as a winner.

Mr. Jagram Paswan of "Samajwadi Party" is the current newly elected MLA from Balrampur seat.Mr Mohd Javed Hasan of "Samajwadi Party" is the current president of municipal board.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

  • Road: Balrampur is located about 160 Kilometers from the state capital Lucknow.The city is connected to Lucknow through state highway 1A. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation buses are available from Kaiserbagh Bus Station (Lucknow) frequently.
  • Railways: Nearest broad gauge Railway Station is Gonda, located at a distance of around 42 km. It is well connected through railways through Gonda-Gorakhpur loop line.

Industry[edit]

BCM- Balrampur Chini Mills Limited (Sugar Factory). During British Period it was owned by BIC (British India Corporation). Padmashree Minakshi Sarawagi is the Managing Director and owner of BCM.BCM is the largest sugar production unit in INDIA. Bajaj Hindustan also has one sugar mill in the district near Utraula.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Murthy, K. Krishna (1 January 1987). Glimpses Of Art , Architecture And Buddhist Literature In Ancient India. Abhinav Publications. pp. 121–122. ISBN 978-81-7017-226-0. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Dhammika, Shravasti (2005). The Buddha and His Disciples. Buddhist Publication Society. pp. 59–63. ISBN 978-955-24-0280-7. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Balrampur, India Page". Global Gazetteer Version 2.2. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Arch. Survey of India, 1907-8, pp.81-131
  5. ^ Rai, Supriya (1 January 2010). Spiritual Master The Buddha. Indus Source. p. 127. ISBN 978-81-88569-05-2. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Jetavana
  7. ^ http://balrampurup.piczo.com/?g=52172633&cr=4
  8. ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Dean-Mahamongkol-Chai.jsp
  9. ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Swetambar-Jain-Temple.jsp
  10. ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Shobhnath-Temple.jsp
  11. ^ Maharani Lal Kunwari P.G. College
  12. ^ http://www.mlkpgcollege.org/