Baltic Air Policing
|Baltic Air Policing|
Two French Mirage 2000s during a Baltic Air Policing deployment in 2010
Within the Alliance, preserving airspace integrity is conducted as a collective task jointly and collectively using fighter aircraft for Air Policing. Air Policing is a purely defensive mission. Since the 1970s, NATO has established a comprehensive system of air surveillance and airspace management means, as well as Quick Reaction Alert assets for intercepts (QRA(I)) provided by its member nations. By means of radar sites, remote data transmission, control and reporting centres (CRCs) and Combined Air Operation Centres (CAOCs) the Alliance ensures constant surveillance and control of its assigned airspace 24 hours a day and 365 days a year. NATO exploits these facilities to react within seconds to air traffic incidents in the Allies’ airspace. This structure of weapon systems, control centres and procedures is referred to as the NATO Integrated Air Defence System (NATINADS). NATINADS has been and remains one cornerstone of Alliance solidarity and cohesion. The responsible Allied Air Headquarters are at Izmir, Turkey and Ramstein, Germany. The dividing line is the Alps. The Headquarters Allied Air Command Ramstein’s air area of responsibility is divided in two Air Policing Areas (APAs):
- APA 1 is controlled by the Combined Air Operation Centre (CAOC) Finderup, Denmark;
- APA 2 is controlled by the CAOC in Uedem, Germany.
NATO members without their own Air Policing assets are assisted by other NATO members. Luxembourg is covered by interceptors from Belgium, while Slovenia and Albania are covered by Italian aircraft.
Since March 2004, when the Baltic States joined NATO, the 24/7 task of policing the airspace of the Baltic States was conducted on a three-month rotation from Lithuania's First Air Base in Zokniai/Šiauliai International Airport, near the northern city of Šiauliai. Starting with the Turkish deployment, rotations changed to a four-month basis. Usual deployments consist of four fighter aircraft with between 50 and 100 support personnel.
To ensure Air Policing performance is conducted in a safe and professional way, adequate training was and still is required, as NATO member nations deploy their assets to Šiauliai Air Base, Lithuania, on a rotational basis. To standardize training across nations, Headquarters Allied Air Command Ramstein introduced a series of training events called Baltic Region Training Events (BRTEs) to capitalize on experienced aircrews deployed to Šiauliai and to offer superior training for Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian air forces and control facilities. The three host nations contributed €2.2 million in 2011 to cover the deployment expenses and are supposed to contribute €3.5 million yearly by 2015. In 2012, the Alliance allocated €7 million for Šiauliai airfield modernisation from the Security Investment Programme.
During the 2014 Crimean crisis, the U.S. Air Force deployed six F-15 C Eagle fighter jets from US-run Lakenheath air base in eastern England to the Lithuanian Air Force Base near Šiauliai. These aircraft will augment the present mission comprising four U.S. F-15 C Eagle aircraft. The U.S. heightened its NATO presence to increase the strength of the Baltic Air Policing mission. Another two U.S. KC-135 aerial refuelling aircraft brought aircraft service personnel. In May 2014, NATO established its second air base in Estonia's Ämari near Tallinn, beginning with a Danish deployment.
Beginning 6 March 2014, six additional F-15C's reinforced the US rotation, due to the Crimean crisis. Multi-country deployments were planned for the rest of the year.
- 30 August 2011 a French Mirage collided with Lithuanian trainer jet L-39, which dived into a marsh. Both pilots ejected.
- 29 April 2013 a Danish F-16 landed in Tallinn after it suffered a bird strike, which caused minor engine damage.
French Mirage 2000s during a Baltic Air Policing deployment in 2010.
- "L'A.M. assicura lo spazio aereo albanese" (in Italian). Retrieved 20 September 2011. "L’Aeronautica Militare assicura già dal 2007, con i propri velivoli, l’"Air Policing" dello spazio aereo sloveno."
- Baltic Region Training Event.
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- Hungary will join NATO's Air Policing mission in Baltics.
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- NATO Air - policing mission, Lithuanian Armed Forces
- Belgium Baltic Air Policing
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- Hansard, 14/12/04
- Norwegian Ministry of Defence:Norwegian fighter aircraft on a temporary NATO mission in the baltic
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- German Air Force to conduct once more NATO Air Policing over Baltic States
- Air Baltic 2010 – France takes over
- Dalyvauti oro policijos misijoje atvyksta Lenkijos naikintuvai (Lithuanian)
- US Air contingent take over Baltic Air-policing mission
- Richthofengeschwader sichert baltischen Luftraum (German)
- Šiauliuose leisis Prancūzijos naikintuvai (Lithuanian)
- NATO oro policijos misiją Baltijos šalyse perims Danijos kariai (Lithuanian)
- Šiauliuose nusileido Vokietijos karinių oro pajėgų naikintuvai (Lithuanian)
- Orlik 4 na posterunku, sp.mil.pl (Polish)
- Czech Gripen Baltic Airspace Policing Encore
- Baltijos erdvėje patruliuos Danijos karinių oro pajėgų naikintuvai (Lithuanian)
- NATO oro policijos misijoje danus keičia Prancūzijos karinių oro pajėgų kariai (Lithuanian)
- Nicholas Fiorenza (17 June 2013). "Belgium To Take Over Baltic Air Policing". Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Belgian Air Force (2 July 2013). "Baltic Air Policing". Retrieved 3 August 2013. (Dutch)
- AIRheads/MB (26 July 2013). "Belgian F-16s take on Baltic Air Policing". Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- U.S. air contingent took over NATO’s Baltic Air Policing mission from Belgian troops
- US to add six F-15 jet fighters to Nato Baltic patrols, Lithuania says
- Lotnicza Polska (Polish)
- Wammen: Danske F-16 klar til Baltic Air Policing (Danish)
- UK Sends Typhoon Fighters to Baltic States To Guard Against Russia
- France to send fighter jets to Baltics for NATO Air Policing Template:Us icon
- UPDATE: France sends Rafale fighters to Poland
- NATO to triple Baltic air patrol from next month
- Ukraine-Krise: Nato verstärkt militärische Präsenz im Osten Europas (German)
- Canadian fighter jets to help patrol Baltic skies (Catalan)
- Lithuanian L-39 crashes after collision with French Mirage
- Danish jets make unscheduled landing after bird collision in Estonian airspace.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NATO Baltic air-policing mission.|
- Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania NATO Air - policing mission
- Estonian Ministry of Defence
- Headquarters Allied Air Command Ramstein Air Policing Headquarters Allied Air Command Ramstein - Air Policing in North Europe
- BRTE V