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Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, Finland and the Kola Peninsula.

Fennoscandia or Fenno-Scandinavia is the region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula. Thus, the region usually cover the countries Finland, Norway, and Sweden in their entireties, as well as a part of Russia.


Geologically, the term also alludes to the underlying Fennoscandian Shield of Norway, Sweden and Finland, which is the exposed portion of the Baltic Shield.

The White Sea – Baltic Canal is often considered the limit that separates Fennoscandia from the Russian landmass.

Unlike the term Scandinavia, Fennoscandia does include Finland, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula.

Unlike the term Nordic countries, it does not include Denmark, Iceland, Greenland or other geographically disconnected overseas areas.[citation needed]

Cultural region[edit]

In a cultural sense, Fennoscandia signifies the historically close contact between Sami, Finnic (Finnish), Swedish, Norwegian and Russian people and cultures.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000