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Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, Finland and the Kola Peninsula.

Fennoscandia or Fenno-Scandinavia is the region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula. Thus, the term usually covers the countries Finland, Norway, and Sweden in their entireties, as well as a part of Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (which means Finland) and Scandia (which means Scandinavia).


Geologically, the term also alludes to the underlying Fennoscandian Shield of Norway, Sweden, and Finland, which is the exposed portion of the Baltic Shield.

The White Sea – Baltic Canal is often considered the limit that separates Fennoscandia from the main Russian landmass.

Unlike the term "Scandinavia," "Fennoscandia" does include Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula.

Unlike the term "Nordic countries," it does not include Denmark, Iceland, Greenland, or other geographically disconnected overseas areas.[citation needed]


The geography of Fennoscandia is very mountainous and harsh. That said, it is also very beautiful, with the Norwegian mountain ranges and fjords taking up vast amounts of space.

Cultural region[edit]

In a cultural sense, Fennoscandia signifies the historically close contact between the Sami, Finnic (Finnish), Swedish, Norwegian, and Russian people and cultures.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000