Baluran National Park
|Baluran National Park|
Wild Deers near Bama Point, Baluran
|Location||Situbondo Regency, East Java, Indonesia|
|Visitors||10,192 (in 2007)|
|Governing body||Ministry of Forestry|
Baluran National Park is located in Situbondo Regency, East Java, Indonesia. It has a relatively dry climate and consists of lowland forests, savanna, mangrove forests and hills, with Mount Baluran (1,247m) as its highest peak.
Baluran National Park is situated at the north-eastern extremity of Java, close to the islands of Bali and Madura. The park is bordered by the Madura Strait to the north, the Bali Strait to the east, the river Bajulmati (Wonorejo village) to the west and the river Klokoran (Sumberanyar village) to the south. The park is a rough circle, with the extinct volcano, Baluran, at its centre. Its total area is 25,000 ha. It consists of five zones: the Main Zone (12,000 ha), the Wilderness Zone (5,537 ha, comprising 1,063 ha water and 4,574 ha land), the Intensive Utilization Zone (800 ha), the Specific Utilization Zone (5,780 ha) and the Rehabilitation Zone (783 ha).
Flora and fauna
The park is host to 26 species of mammal and 155 bird species, including thee Hirundapus caudutus. Other endangered animals being protected are: Bos javanicus, Cuon alpinus, Muntiacus muntjak, Pavo muticus, Gallus sp., Felis pardus and Felis viverrina.
- Baluran National Park
- Media related to Baluran National Park at Wikimedia Commons
- Baluran National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage