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|Arthur Bamber Gascoigne|
24 January 1935 |
|Education||Sunningdale School, Berkshire
Eton College, Berkshire
Magdalene College, Cambridge
|Known for||University Challenge|
Family background and early life
Gascoigne is a nephew of Sir Julian Gascoigne who was in charge of the Household Division during the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. He is a direct descendant of the 18th-century Lord Mayor of London Sir Crisp Gascoyne and the 19th century Tory politicians Bamber Gascoyne (the elder) and Isaac Gascoyne. Isaac's son General Ernest Frederick Gascoyne, of Raby Hall (1796–1867), was his great-great-great-grandfather.
Gascoigne was born in London and educated at Sunningdale School in Berkshire before winning scholarships to both Eton College (also in Berkshire), and Magdalene College, Cambridge (1955), where he read English literature. While at Magdalene he wrote a musical, Share My Lettuce, which was produced in London in 1957 by Michael Codron, and performed by Maggie Smith and Kenneth Williams (music by Patrick Gowers and Keith Statham). He then spent a year as a Commonwealth Fund scholar at Yale University (1958–59). After National Service in the Grenadier Guards he became a theatre critic.
Gascoigne came to national fame as the original presenter of the popular television quiz show University Challenge, first airing in 1962, based on the US series College Bowl. He held the position for 25 years, until the end of the initial run in 1987. Although he has written several books, mostly works of history, and presented other television programmes, his name is permanently connected with University Challenge for many viewers. His questioning manner was firm yet polite. Phrases he often used which became catchphrases include: "Your starter for ten", "fingers on the buzzers", and "I'll have to hurry you".
Television and books
Gascoigne is the author of Murgatroyd's Empire, a 1972 satirical novel concerning an entrepreneur who finds an island of pygmies, and trades them arms for treasure, recreating the development of European medieval weaponry and armour.
In 1977, Gascoigne wrote and presented The Christians, a thirteen-hour television documentary series on the history of Christianity, produced by Granada Television and broadcast on ITV. He wrote a companion book, under the same title, with photography by his wife, Christina Gascoigne, published by Jonathan Cape.
He wrote Quest for the Golden Hare, a 1983 account of the internationally publicised treasure hunt associated with the publication in 1979 of Kit Williams' book, Masquerade. On 8 August 1979, Gascoigne was witness to the burial by Williams of a unique jewelled, solid gold hare pendant in an earthenware jar "somewhere in Britain". The book documents the search and a scandal associated with finding it.
In 1987, Gascoigne presented a documentary series of six 30-minute programmes on Victorian history, Victorian Values, which looked at how Victorian society put in place the infrastructure of the modern welfare state, also produced by Granada Television.
He was the writer and presenter for the TV series The Great Moghuls (1990), a study of the Mughal Empire of India. The series was based on Gascoigne's 1971 book of the same name, which features photographs by his wife.
Influence on popular culture
In The Young Ones episode "Bambi" he is parodied by Griff Rhys Jones as "Bambi Gascoigne" (with considerable emphasis being placed on the resemblance of his name to the Disney character), and several years previously Griff Rhys Jones played Gascoigne in a sketch on Not the Nine O'Clock News. He was also portrayed by actor Mark Gatiss in the 2006 film Starter for 10.
In the early 1970s, comedian Billy Connolly poked fun at Gascoigne's unusual name in his song "Talkin' Blues (What's in a Name)".
In 1998, as part of BBC Two's Red Dwarf night, he presented a special Red Dwarf edition of Universe Challenge between the cast and fans of the show. The show began with actor Chris Barrie impersonating host Jeremy Paxman, before being blown up as Gascoigne entered with a mock space-shotgun to much applause. (The fans won by a narrow margin.)
In 1974, while impersonating David Attenborough in the last Monty Python television episode, Michael Palin sought out the legendary "Walking tree of Dahomey", but instead happened upon "one of Africa's many stationary trees, Arborus Bamber Gascoignus". His name also appears in one version of the Monty Python "Lumberjack Song" when Michael Palin sings of the "Quercus maximus Bamber Gascoigneii", and in the Python song "I Like Traffic Lights" the singer, Terry Jones, points out that his name is not Bamber.
Gascoigne has established an online history encyclopaedia, HistoryWorld, and Timesearch which presents multiple searchable timelines collected from various websites. In August 2014, Gascoigne was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.
He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (elected 1976). He has served as a trustee of the National Gallery, a trustee of the Tate Gallery, a member of the council of the National Trust, and as a member of the board of directors of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. He is a patron of the Museum of Richmond.
- 1962 Twentieth Century Drama, London: Hutchinson University Library
- 1968: World Theatre: An Illustrated History, Ebury Press
- 1971: The Great Moghuls (with photographs by Christina Gascoigne), London: Jonathan Cape; New York: Harper & Row
- 1973: The Treasures and Dynasties of China (with photographs by Christina Gascoigne and Derrick Witty), Jonathan Cape. (ISBN 0-224-00925-7 ) Republished 2003 as A Brief History of the Dynasties of China (ISBN 1-84119-791-2)
- 1973: The Heyday (novel), Jonathan Cape
- 1974: Ticker Khan: A Fable, Jonathan Cape
- 1977: The Christians (with photographs by Christina Gascoigne), Jonathan Cape. Revised and republished 2003 as A Brief History of Christianity, Robinson Publishing (ISBN 1-84119-710-6)
- 1981: Why the Rope Went Tight (children's stories, with pictures by Christina Gascoigne), London: Methuen; New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books
- 1982: Fearless Freddy's Sunken Treasure (children's stories, with pictures by Christina Gascoigne), London: Methuen (ISBN 0-416-06510-4)
- 1982: Fearless Freddy's Magic Wish (children's stories, with pictures by Christina Gascoigne), London: Methuen (ISBN 0-416-06520-1; ISBN 0416065206 )
- 1983: Quest for the Golden Hare, Jonathan Cape (ISBN 0-224-02116-8)
- 1986: Cod Streuth, Jonathan Cape (ISBN 0-224-02388-8)
- 1986: How to Identify Prints: A Complete Guide to Manual and Mechanical Processes from Woodcut to Inkjet, Thames & Hudson; revised 2nd edition 2004 (ISBN 0-500-28480-6)
- 1988: (with J Wright): Bamber Gascoigne's Book of Amazing Facts, London: Walker Books (ISBN 0-7445-1082-1; ISBN 978-0-7445-1082-9)
- 1993: Encyclopaedia of Britain: The A-Z of Britain's Past and Present, Macmillan Publishers (ISBN 0-333-54764-0)
- 1997: Milestones in Colour Printing 1457–1859: with a bibliography of Nelson Prints (The Sandars Lectures in Bibliography), Cambridge University Press (ISBN 978-0-521-55441-1)
- 1998: A Brief History of the Great Moghuls: India's most flamboyant rulers, Running Press (ISBN 0-7867-1040-3)
- 2007: Bamber Gascoigne's Challenging Quiz Book, London: Penguin Books (ISBN 0-14-103470-X; ISBN 0141034706 )
- 2010: A Brief History of the Second World War, HistoryWorld (ISBN 1-908143-00-2)
- 2011: A Brief History of the First World War, HistoryWorld (ISBN 1-908143-03-7, ISBN 1-908143-03-7)
- 2011: The Maya, Aztecs, Incas and Conquistadors: a Brief History, HistoryWorld (ISBN 1908143068 )
- Christopher Stevens (2010). Born Brilliant: The Life Of Kenneth Williams. John Murray. p. 368. ISBN 1-84854-195-3.
- "Special Coronation Edition". Television Newsreel. BBC. 2 June 1953. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Alan Freer. "Conqueror 170". Genealogy of William, Duke of Normandy, King of England, and Matilda, daughter of Baldwin, Count of Flanders. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "Bamber Gascoigne: Profile". Curtis Brown (literary agents). Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- biographical sketch at the Magdalene College alumni website
- biographical sketch at HistoryWorld website
- "Bamber Gascoigne – UKGameshows". www.ukgameshows.com. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- "University Challenge – UKGameshows". www.ukgameshows.com. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Neil Midgley (8 April 2012). "Bamber Gascoigne's Diamond Jubilee challenge". Sunday Telegraph (London). Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Victorian Values (1987– )". IMDb. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- Benedict Brogan (2 February 1990). "Gascoigne rides in hot pursuit of the great Moghuls". The Herald. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- "Mark Gatiss credits". London: Curtis Brown. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Darl Larsen (2008). Monty Python's Flying Circus: An Utterly Complete, Thoroughly Unillustrated, Absolutely Unauthorized Guide to Possibly All the References. Scarecrow Press. p. 519.
- "Jonathan Creek: Episode 4.6 – Gorgon's Wood". British Comedy Guide. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- Jonathan Glancey (25 August 2001). "Travels with my rant". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- "History and Timelines". HistoryWorld. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Timesearch website
- Start the Week, BBC Radio 4, 12 March 2007
- "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories | Politics". theguardian.com. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "About Us". HistoryWorld. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- "Living and Dying in 19th Century Richmond". The Richmond Magazine (London). 22 February 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Twentieth-century drama / Bamber Gascoigne". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "A brief history of Christianity / Bamber Gascoigne.". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Fearless Freddy's sunken treasure / words by Bamber Gascoigne ; pictures by Christina Gascoigne.". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Milestones in Colour Printing 1457–1859". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 12 September 2013.