Bambusa

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bamboo
Bambusa oldhamii form.jpg
Bambusa oldhamii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Bambusinae
Genus: Bambusa
Schreb.
Type species
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Arundarbor Kuntze
  • Bambos Retz.
  • Bambus J. F. Gmel.
  • Dendrocalamopsis (L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung) Q.H.Dai & X.L.Tao
  • Dendrocalamopsis Q.H.Dai & X.L.Tao
  • Ischurochloa Büse
  • Leleba Nakai
  • Lingnania McClure
  • Tetragonocalamus Nakai
  • Neosinocalamus Keng f.
  • Pseudobambusa T.Q.Nguyen
  • Fimbribambusa Widjaja

Bambusa is a large genus of clumping bamboos.[3]

Most species of Bambusa are rather large, with numerous branches emerging from the nodes, and one or two much larger than the rest. The branches can be as long as 11 m (33 ft). They are native to Southeast Asia, China, the Himalayas, New Guinea, Melanesia, and the Northern Territory of Australia. They are also reportedly naturalized in other regions, e.g. Africa, Latin America, and various oceanic islands.[2][4][5][6]

Species[2]
  1. Bambusa affinis Munro - Laos, Myanmar
  2. Bambusa albolineata L.C.Chia - Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Zhejiang
  3. Bambusa alemtemshii H.B.Naithani - Nagaland
  4. Bambusa amplexicaulis W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu - Guangdong
  5. Bambusa angustiaurita W.T.Lin - Guangdong
  6. Bambusa angustissima L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  7. Bambusa arnhemica F.Muell. - Northern Territory of Australia
  8. Bambusa assamica Barooah & Borthakur - Assam
  9. Bambusa aurinuda McClure - Guangxi, Vietnam
  10. Bambusa australis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Vietnam
  11. Bambusa balcooa Roxb. - India, Nepal, Assam, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos; naturalized in South Africa and the islands of the Gulf of Guinea
  12. Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss - India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Assam, Indochina; naturalized in Seychelles, Central America, West Indies, Java, Malaysia, Maluku, Philippines
  13. Bambusa barpatharica Borthakur & Barooah - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam
  14. Bambusa basihirsuta McClure - Guangdong, Zhejiang
  15. Bambusa basihirsutoides N.H.Xia - Guangdong
  16. Bambusa basisolida W.T.Lin - Guangdong
  17. Bambusa beecheyana Munro - Taiwan, Myanmar, Vietnam, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan; naturalized in Colombia, Brazil
  18. Bambusa bicicatricata (W.T.Lin) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Hainan
  19. Bambusa binghamii Gamble - Myanmar
  20. Bambusa boniopsis McClure - Hainan
  21. Bambusa brevispicula Holttum - New Guinea
  22. Bambusa brunneoaciculia G.A.Fu - Hainan
  23. Bambusa burmanica Gamble - Bangladesh, Yunnan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia
  24. Bambusa cacharensis R.B.Majumdar - Bangladesh, Assam
  25. Bambusa cerosissima McClure - Guangdong. Guangxi, Vietnam
  26. Bambusa chungii McClure - Vietnam, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Yunnan
  27. Bambusa chunii L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Laos; cultivated in Hong Kong
  28. Bambusa clavata Stapleton - Bhutan
  29. Bambusa comillensis Alam - Bangladesh
  30. Bambusa concava W.T.Lin - Hainan
  31. Bambusa contracta L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong, Guangxi
  32. Bambusa copelandii Gamble - Myanmar
  33. Bambusa corniculata L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangxi
  34. Bambusa cornigera McClure - Guangxi
  35. Bambusa crispiaurita W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu - Guangdong
  36. Bambusa dampaeana H.B.Naithani, Garbyal & N.S.Bisht - Mizoram
  37. Bambusa diaoluoshanensis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Hainan
  38. Bambusa dissimulator McClure - Guangdong, Vietnam; naturalized in Brazil, Puerto Rico
  39. Bambusa distegia (Keng & Keng f.) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Sichuan
  40. Bambusa dolichoclada Hayata - Fujian, Taiwan; naturalized in Ryukyu Islands
  41. Bambusa duriuscula W.T.Lin - Hainan
  42. Bambusa emeiensis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan
  43. Bambusa eutuldoides McClure - Guangdong, Guangxi; naturalized in Colombia
  44. Bambusa farinacea K.M.Wong - Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  45. Bambusa fimbriligulata McClure - Myanmar
  46. Bambusa flexuosa Munro - Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Guangdong, Hainan
  47. Bambusa fruticosa Holttum - Papua New Guinea
  48. Bambusa funghomii McClure - Henan, Guangdong, Guangxi
  49. Bambusa garuchokua Barooah & Borthakur - Assam
  50. Bambusa gibba McClure - Vietnam, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi; naturalized in Ecuador
  51. Bambusa gibboides W.T.Lin - Guangdong
  52. Bambusa glabrovagina G.A.Fu - Hainan
  53. Bambusa glaucophylla Widjaja - Java
  54. Bambusa grandis (Q.H.Dai & X.L.Tao) Ohrnb. - Guangxi
  55. Bambusa griffithiana Munro - Manipur, Myanmar
  56. Bambusa guangxiensis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangxi
  57. Bambusa hainanensis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Hainan
  58. Bambusa heterostachya (Munro) Holttum - Peninsular Malaysia
  59. Bambusa horsfieldii Munro - Java, Philippines
  60. Bambusa indigena L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  61. Bambusa insularis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Hainan
  62. Bambusa intermedia Hsueh f. & T.P.Yi - Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan
  63. Bambusa jacobsii Widjaja - Java
  64. Bambusa jaintiana R.B.Majumdar - Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar
  65. Bambusa khasiana Munro - Assam
  66. Bambusa kingiana Gamble - Myanmar
  67. Bambusa lako Widjaja - Timor
  68. Bambusa lapidea McClure - Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
  69. Bambusa latideltata W.T.Lin - Guangdong
  70. Bambusa laxa K.M.Wong - Peninsular Malaysia
  71. Bambusa lenta L.C.Chia - Fujian
  72. Bambusa longipalea W.T.Lin - Guangdong
  73. Bambusa longispiculata Gamble - Bangladesh, Myanmar; naturalized in Vietnam, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Ecuador, Puerto Rico
  74. Bambusa macrolemma Holttum - New Britain
  75. Bambusa macrotis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  76. Bambusa maculata Widjaja - Maluku
  77. Bambusa majumdarii P.Kumari & P.Singh - Meghalaya
  78. Bambusa malingensis McClure - Hainan; naturalized in Cuba
  79. Bambusa manipureana H.B.Naithani & N.S.Bisht - Manipur
  80. Bambusa marginata Munro - Myanmar
  81. Bambusa merrillii Gamble - Luzon
  82. Bambusa microcephala (Pilg.) Holttum - New Guinea
  83. Bambusa mizorameana H.B.Naithani - Mizoram
  84. Bambusa mohanramii P.Kumari & P.Singh - Meghalaya
  85. Bambusa mollis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangxi
  86. Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult.f. - Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan; naturalized in Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Iraq, Bismarck Archipelago, New Zealand, Chiapas, Central America, West Indies, Colombia, Ecuador, eastern Brazil, Florida, Georgia, Alabama
  87. Bambusa mutabilis McClure - Hainan; naturalized in Puerto Rico
  88. Bambusa nagalandiana H.B.Naithani - Nagaland
  89. Bambusa nairiana P.Kumari & P.Singh - Meghalaya
  90. Bambusa nepalensis Stapleton - Nepal
  91. Bambusa nutans Wall. ex Munro - Himalayas of eastern + northern India; Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
  92. Bambusa odashimae Hatus. ex D.Z.Li & Stapleton - Taiwan; naturalized in Ryukyu Islands
  93. Bambusa oldhamii Munro - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Zhejiang; naturalized in Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, New Zealand, Chiapas, Honduras, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  94. Bambusa oliveriana Gamble - Myanmar
  95. Bambusa ooh Widjaja & Astuti - Bali
  96. Bambusa pachinensis Hayata - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Zhejiang
  97. Bambusa pallida Munro - Sikkim, Yunnan, Assam, Bangladesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Indochina
  98. Bambusa papillata (Q.H.Dai) K.M.Lan - Guangxi
  99. Bambusa papillatoides Q.H.Dai & D.Y.Huang - Guangxi
  100. Bambusa pervariabilis McClure - Guangdong, Guangxi; naturalized in Puerto Rico
  101. Bambusa pierreana E.G.Camus - Thailand, Vietnam
  102. Bambusa piscatorum McClure - Hainan
  103. Bambusa polymorpha Munro - Bangladesh, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand; naturalized in Assam, Sri Lanka, Java, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Ecuador
  104. Bambusa procera A.Chev. & A.Camus - Vietnam, Cambodia
  105. Bambusa prominens H.L.Fung & C.Y.Sia - Sichuan
  106. Bambusa ramispinosa L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangxi
  107. Bambusa rangaensis Borthakur & Barooah - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam
  108. Bambusa rectocuneata (W.T.Lin) N.H.Xia, R.S.Lin & R.H.Wang - Guangdong
  109. Bambusa remotiflora (Kuntze) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong, Guangxi, Vietnam
  110. Bambusa riauensis Widjaja - Sumatra
  111. Bambusa rigida Keng & Keng f. - Sichuan
  112. Bambusa riparia Holttum - Papua New Guinea
  113. Bambusa rongchengensis (T.P.Yi & C.Y.Sia) D.Z.Li - Sichuan
  114. Bambusa rugata (W.T.Lin) Ohrnb. - Guangdong
  115. Bambusa rutila McClure - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan
  116. Bambusa salarkhanii Alam - Nepal, Bangladesh
  117. Bambusa schizostachyoides Kurz ex Gamble - Myanmar, Vietnam, Andaman Islands
  118. Bambusa semitecta W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu - Guangdong
  119. Bambusa sesquiflora (McClure) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Thailand, Vietnam
  120. Bambusa sinospinosa McClure - Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan
  121. Bambusa solida Munro ex Becc. - Borneo
  122. Bambusa solomonensis Holttum - Solomon Islands
  123. Bambusa spinosa Roxb. - Indonesia, Philippines; naturalized in southern China, Ryukyu Islands, Indochina, Malaysia, Puerto Rico
  124. Bambusa stenoaurita (W.T.Lin) T.H.Wen - Guangdong
  125. Bambusa subaequalis H.L.Fung & C.Y.Sia - Sichuan
  126. Bambusa subtruncata L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  127. Bambusa surrecta (Q.H.Dai) Q.H.Dai - Guangxi
  128. Bambusa tabacaria (Lour.) Steud. - Vietnam, Java, Maluku
  129. Bambusa teres Munro - Tibet, Guangdong, Guangxi, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar
  130. Bambusa textilis McClure - Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Vietnam; naturalized in Colombia, Puerto Rico
  131. Bambusa transvenula (W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng) N.H.Xia - Guangdong
  132. Bambusa truncata B.M.Yang - Hunan
  133. Bambusa tsangii McClure - Vietnam
  134. Bambusa tulda Roxb - Tibet, Yunnan, Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, India, Bangladesh, northern Indochina; naturalized in Iraq, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Puerto Rico
  135. Bambusa tuldoides Munro - Guangdong, Guangxi, Indochina; naturalized in Ryukyu Islands, Bangladesh, Chiapas, El Salvador, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Trinidad, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia
  136. Bambusa utilis W.C.Lin - Taiwan
  137. Bambusa valida (Q.H.Dai) W.T.Lin - Guangxi
  138. Bambusa variostriata (W.T.Lin) L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  139. Bambusa ventricosa McClure - Guangdong, Vietnam; naturalized in Brazil, Malaysia
  140. Bambusa villosula Kurz - Myanmar
  141. Bambusa vinhphuensis T.Q.Nguyen - Vietnam
  142. Bambusa viridis Widjaja - western New Guinea
  143. Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. - Yunnan, Indochina; naturalized in parts of Africa, Madagascar, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Indian Subcontinent, Latin America, West Indies, United States (Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Florida, Arizona, South Carolina, Maryland, New Jersey)
  144. Bambusa wenchouensis (T.H.Wen) Keng f. ex Q.F.Zheng, Y.M.Lin - Fujian, Zhejiang
  145. Bambusa xiashanensis L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung - Guangdong
  146. Bambusa xueana Ohrnb. - Yunnan

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Bambusa Schreb.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Bambusa". The Plant List, RBG Kew. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 8, 9, 簕竹属 le zhu shu, Bambusa Schreber, Gen. Pl. 236. 1789.
  5. ^ Clayton, W. D. & S. A. Renvoize. 1986. Genera graminum. Grasses of the world. Kew Bulletin : Additional Series 13: 1–389.
  6. ^ G.P. Chapman. 1997. Bamboos. Academic Press, New York.