Bampton Castle, Oxfordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bampton Castle
Bampton, Oxfordshire, England
Bampton Castle is located in Oxfordshire
Bampton Castle
Bampton Castle
Coordinates 51°43′31″N 1°33′11″W / 51.7254°N 1.5530°W / 51.7254; -1.5530Coordinates: 51°43′31″N 1°33′11″W / 51.7254°N 1.5530°W / 51.7254; -1.5530
Site information
Owner Oxfordshire County Council

Bampton Castle was in the village of Bampton, Oxfordshire (grid reference SP310031).

Differing accounts of its origin exist. One states that in about 1142 AD during the reign of Stephen, Matilda built a motte castle.[1] Another states that in 1314–15, during the reign of Edward II, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, obtained a license from the king to "make a castle of his house at Bampton."[2]

The castle was demolished before 1789[2] but parts of its structure have been incorporated into a house, Ham Court, which is a Grade II* listed building.[3]

There used to be an RAF communications station nearby which was called RAF Bampton Castle.[2]

The castle (as it was in the 1360s) is the primary setting for the fictional medieval mystery series written by Mel Starr, the first of which is "The Unquiet Bones, the first chronicle of Hugh de Singleton, surgeon." [4]

"Bampton Castle" was the name of the telephone exchange in the village.[5] It was presumably so named in order to reduce confusion with telephone exchanges for other places in Britain called "Bampton" (which did not have castles). The exchange still exists, serving Bampton and neighbouring villages. Its location is not particularly close to the old castle.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fry, Plantagenet Somerset (1980). The David & Charles Book of Castles. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 183. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3. 
  2. ^ a b c "History". Bampton Oxfordshire. Archived from the original on 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  3. ^ "Images of England: Ham Court". English Heritage. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  4. ^ Melvin R. Starr, The Unquiet Bones, the first chronicle of Hugh de Singleton, surgeon, Monarch Books, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8254-6290-0
  5. ^ "Bampton Castle Telephone Exchange, Oxon". 8 April 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2012.