Bamraulia

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Bamraulia is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in India. This gotra is based on village Bamrauli situated near Agra. The early history of Bamraulia gotra is not known. As per the books maintained by traditional Jagas, Jats in Yudhistir Samvat had established a village Bamrauli Khera on the banks of Chenab River. Raja Brahmdeo ruled here.

As per Rajputana gazetteer the Jagir of Bamrauli was transferred to Deshwal Jat zamindars of Bairat (near Alwar, Rajasthan) during the rule of Tomaras in Delhi in the 11th century. During Firuz Shah Tughluq's regime on Delhi, the satrap of Agra was Muneer Mohammad, who forced the Jats to leave the Bamrauli village in 1367. The Bamraulia Jats moved from Bamrauli to Gwalior region beyond Chambal River.

According to Cunningham and William Cook[disambiguation needed], Bamraulia gotra Jats from village Bamrauli founded the city Gohad near Gwalior in 1505. Later it developed into an important Jat State that continued till independence of India. The Jat rulers of Gohad were awarded the title of Rana.

Singhandev was the first Jat ruler of Gohad state. The chronology of Jat rulers of Gohad has 17 names including above: Singhandev (Second), Devi Singh, Udyaut Singh, Rana Anup Singh, Sambhu Singh, Abhay Chander, Ratan Singh, Uday Singh, Bagh Raj, Gaj Singh, Jaswant, Bhim Singh, Girdhar Pratap, Chhatra Singh, Kirat Singh and Pohap Singh.

Historically important among above Jat rulers were Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1703–1756) and Maharaja Chhatra Singh Rana (1757–1782). They also occupied the Gwalior fort twice Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1740–1756) and Maharaja Chhatra Singh Rana (1780–1783). The Maharanas allied with the British against the Marathas, and in a British-brokered deal exchanged Gohad for Dholpur in 1806. During this period they constructed historical monuments in the Gwalior Fort -The Chhatri of Maharaja Bhim Singh and Bhimtal. Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior organizes Mela here on Ram Navami every year.

The Jat rulers of Gohad had constructed forts, palaces, temples, wells, gardens etc., which are of archaeological importance and historical monuments. Some of these are Gohad Fort, Itayali Darwaja, Chhatra Mahal, Shish Mahal, Satbhanwar, Laxman-tal, Rani-Guru temple, Laxman temple, Modi-ki-Haveli etc.

References[edit]

  • Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985): Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas (Hindi)
  • Dr. Natthan Singh (2004): Jat-Itihas