Bamum language

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Bamum
Shüpamom
Region Cameroon, Nigeria
Native speakers
unknown (220,000 cited 1982)[1]
Bamum syllabary
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bax
Glottolog bamu1253[2]
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Page from a manuscript in the Bamum script

Bamum (Shüpamom [ʃŷpǎˑmə̀m] "Bamum language"), or in its French spelling Bamoun, is one of the Benue–Congo languages of Cameroon, with approximately a quarter million speakers. The language is well known for its original script developed by King Njoya and his palace circle around 1895. Cameroonian musicians Claude Ndam and Gerryland are native speakers of the language and use it in their music.

Phonology[edit]

Bamum has tone, long vowels and diphthongs, and coda consonants. The simple vowels are,

Front Central Back
i   y ɨ ɯ   u
e ə
ɛ ɔ
a

The consonants are,

Labial Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Velar Labialized
velar
Labial-
velar
Glottal
p t k kp ʔ
b d ɡ ɡʷ ɡb
mp nt ŋk ŋkʷ ?
mb nd ŋɡ ŋɡʷ ?
f s ʃ x ?
v z ʒ ɣ ?
ɱf ? ɲʃ
ɱv ? ɲʒ
m n ? ŋ ŋʷ ŋm
r   l j w

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bamum at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bamun". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links[edit]