List of rulers of Bosnia

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This is a list of rulers of Bosnia, containing dukes, bans and kings of Medieval Bosnia.

Early rulers (1082–1136)

Picture TitleName House Reign Overlordship Notes
Early medieval Balkans.png Duke
Stephen
Vojislavljević dynasty fl.
1082-1101
Constantine Bodin
Duklja
He was appointed governor of Bosnia by King Constantine Bodin (r. 1081–1101), his kinsman, sometime between 1082-5.[1][2]
Annexed by the Vukanović dynasty (1101–1136)[citation needed]

Banate of Bosnia (1136–1377)

Picture TitleName House Reign Overlordship Notes
Conquered by Béla II of Hungary in 1136; Ladislaus II of Hungary first held the title Ban of Bosnia 1137-1154
Ban
Borić
House of Boričević 1154–1163
Beloš (1154–1158)
< Géza II (1158–1162)

Stephen III (1162–1163)
Hungary
1167: Bosnia claimed by the Byzantine Empire[3]
1180s: Bosnia claimed by the Kingdom of Hungary
Ban
Kulin
House of Kulinić 1180–1204
Manuel I Comnenus (1180–1183)
Byzantine
Emeric I (1183–1204)
Hungary
Ban
Stephen
House of Kulinić 1204–1232
Ban
Matthew Ninoslaus
House of Kulinić 1232–1253
Ban
Prijezda I
House of Kotromanić 1254–1287
Ban
Prijezda II
House of Kotromanić 1287–1290
In 1299, Paul I Šubić of Bribir took the title Ban of Bosnia (Bosniae dominus) and named his brother Mladen I Šubić of Bribir as the Bosnian Ban. Mladen was Bosnian Ban from 1299–1304. From 1299 Mladen I was in war with Stephen I.
Ban
Stephen I
House of Kotromanić 1287–1314
In 1305, Paul Šubić took the title Lord of all of Bosnia (totius Bosniae dominus). Paul was from 1305–1312 Lord of all of Bosnia.
Ban
Paul
House of Šubić 1305–1312
Ban
Mladen II
House of Šubić 1312–1322
Paul's eldest son Mladen II Šubić of Bribir was Lord of all of Bosnia from 1312–1322. In 1314, Mladen II appoints Stephen II Kotromanić, his former enemy, as vassal in Bosnia
Ban
Stephen II
House of Kotromanić 1322–1353
Ban
Tvrtko I
House of Kotromanić 1353–1366
Ban
Vuk
House of Kotromanić 1366–1367
Ban
Tvrtko I
House of Kotromanić 1367–1377

Kingdom of Bosnia (1377–1463)

Note: All Bosnian kings had two names and the first of those two names was Stephen. They are traditionally and most commonly numbered after the second of their two names; thus, the fourth and sixth King of Bosnia was not Stephen IV Tvrtko, but Stephen Tvrtko II.
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Stephen Tvrtko I
26 October 1377 - 10 March 1391
TvrtkoIKotromanic.jpg 1338
son of Vladislav Kotromanić and Jelena Šubić
Dorothea of Bulgaria
Ilinci
8 December 1374
no children
10 March 1391
aged 53
Stephen Dabiša
10 March 1391 - 8 September 1395
after 1339
illegitimate son of Vladislav Kotromanić
Jelena Gruba
one daughter
8 September 1395
Kraljeva Sutjeska
Jelena Gruba
8 September 1395 - 1398
born to the House of Nikolić Stephen Dabiša
one daughter
after 1399
Stephen Ostoja
1398–1404
1409–1418
illegitimate son of Tvrtko I (1) Vitača
no children
(2) Kujava
one son
(3) Jelena Nelipčić
no children
after 23 March 1418
Stephen Ostojić
1418–1421
son of Stephen Ostoja and Kujava never married 1421
Tvrtko II
1404 - 1409
1421 - November 1443
illegitimate son of Tvrtko I Dorothy Garai
no children
November 1443
Radivoj
anti-king 1432 - 1435
illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja Catherine of Velika
three sons
June 1463
Stephen Thomas
1443 - 10 July 1461
Stjepan tomas.jpg illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja (1) Vojača
one son
(2) Katarina Kosača
two children
10 July 1461
Stephen Tomašević
10 July 1461 - 5 June 1463
Stjepan Tomašević.jpg son of Stephen Thomas and Vojača Jelena Branković
Smederevo
1 April 1459
no children
5 June 1463
beheaded

Pretenders and titular kings

Nominal
Nicholas of Ilok "King of Bosnia" (1471–1477) appointed by the King of Hungary
Matthias of Bosnia (House of Kotromanić) "King of Bosnia" (1465–1471) son of Radivoj of Bosnia, appointed by the Sultan
Matija Vojsalić (House of Hrvatinić) "King of Ottoman Bosnia" (1472–1476) appointed by the Sultan, removed for conspiring against the Ottomans

See also

References

  1. ^ Edgar Hösch, The Balkans: a short history from Greek times to the present day, Vol 1972, Part 2, pages 68 and 83. Google Books
  2. ^ Vjekoslav Kljaic, Geschichte Bosniens von den ltesten Zeiten bis zum Verfalle des K nigreiches, p. 61 (in German)
  3. ^ Fine's The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 17

Sources