Banbury (UK Parliament constituency)

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Banbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Banbury in Oxfordshire.
Outline map
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
County Oxfordshire
Electorate 84,063 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Banbury and Bicester
Current constituency
Created 1553
Member of Parliament Tony Baldry (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Banbury is an Oxfordshire constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom since 1983 by Tony Baldry of the Conservative Party.[n 2] The constituency is sometimes erroneously referred to as the 'North Oxfordshire' constituency.

History[edit]

The constituency was created January 26, 1554 through the efforts of Henry Stafford and Thomas Denton.[2] Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting only of the town of Banbury; since then it has been a county constituency, consisting of the northern part of Oxfordshire. It was the constituency represented by Lord North, the Prime Minister during the American War of Independence. Due to its nature as a safe Conservative seat, its MPs since 1922 have all served long terms in office. Every MP for Banbury since 1922 has been knighted. At the 2010 election, the constituency had the second largest population of any constituency in the United Kingdom after the Isle of Wight.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is still heavily involved in agriculture, as well as modern industry, Research and Development, public services and to a lesser extent Defence.[3] Despite a close election in 1923, the largest vote since 1922 has at each election been for a Conservative Party candidate to serve it, so has been a safe seat for the party since that date. In 2010 Tony Baldry almost doubled his large majority as the second party became the Liberal Democrats.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the north-east of Oxfordshire, around Banbury and largely corresponds to the Cherwell local government district, with the principal exception of the large village of Kidlington on the outskirts of Oxford which lies in the Oxford West and Abingdon constituency, and some smaller villages to the north-east of Oxford that lie in the Henley constituency.

After latest boundary review[edit]

Following its review of parliamentary representation in Oxfordshire, the Boundary Commission for England has made minor alterations (transfer of the Cherwell district wards of Otmoor and Kirtlington to Henley) to the existing arrangement as a result of a population increase. The electoral wards used in the modified constituency are 23 wards from the Cherwell District: Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester /bɪstər/ East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, and Wroxton.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Banbury borough (until 1885)[edit]

MPs 1554–1640[edit]

Constituency created 1554. (Even before the Reform Act of 1832, Banbury only returned one member to Parliament [1])

Parliament Member
Parliament of 1554 (Apr) Thomas Denton
Parliament of 1554 (Nov) Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford
Parliament of 1555 Not known
Parliament of 1558 John Denton
Parliament of 1559 Thomas Lee
Parliament of 1563 Francis Walsingham (sat for Lyme Regis, replaced by Owen Brereton)
Parliament of 1571 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1572
Parliament of 1584 Richard Fiennes
Parliament of 1586 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1588
Parliament of 1593
Parliament of 1597
Parliament of 1601
Parliament of 1604–1611 (Sir) William Cope[4]
Addled Parliament (1614)
Parliament of 1621–1622
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) Sir Erasmus Dryden
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir William Cope
Parliament of 1626 James Fiennes
Parliament of 1628–1629 John Crew
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640


MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Year Member[5] Party
April 1640 Nathaniel Fiennes Parliamentarian
1648 Fiennes excluded in Pride's Purge – seat left vacant
1653 Banbury was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and
the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Nathaniel Fiennes
May 1659 Banbury was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Anthony Cope
1661 (Sir) John Holman[6]
1685 Sir Dudley North
1689 Sir Robert Dashwood
1698 James Isaacson[7]
1699 Sir John Cope
1700 Patrick Friel
1701 Charles North
1713 Sir Jonathan Cope
1722 Monoux Cope
1727 Hon. Francis North
1730 Toby Chauncy
1733 William Knollys[8]
1740 William Moore
1746 John Willes
1754 Frederick North, Lord North Tory
1790 George Augustus North, Lord North
1792 Hon. Frederick North
1794 William Holbech
1796 Dudley Long North
1806 William Praed
1808 Dudley Long North
1812 Frederick Sylvester North Douglas
1819 Hon. Heneage Legge
1826 Hon. Arthur Legge
1830 Henry Villiers-Stuart
1831 John Easthope Whig
1832 Henry William Tancred Whig
February 1859 Bernhard Samuelson Liberal
April 1859 Sir Charles Eurwicke Douglas Liberal
1865 Sir Bernhard Samuelson, Bt Liberal
1885 Borough abolished – name transferred to county division

Banbury division of Oxfordshire/Banbury County Constituency (since 1885)[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Sir Bernhard Samuelson Liberal
1895 Albert Brassey Conservative
1906 Hon. Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes Liberal
January 1910 Captain Robert Brassey Conservative
December 1910 Hon. (Sir) Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes[9] Liberal
1918 by-election Sir Rhys Rhys-Williams, Bt Liberal
1922 Sir James Edmondson Conservative
1945 Sir Douglas Dodds-Parker Conservative
1959 Sir Neil Marten Conservative
1983 Sir Tony Baldry Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Kenric Bird
National Health Action Roseanne Edwards
Green Ian Middleton[10]
Conservative Victoria Prentis[11]
Labour Sean Woodcock
General Election 2010: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,703 52.8 +5.9
Liberal Democrat David Rundle 11,476 20.4 +2.9
Labour Leslie Sibley 10,773 19.2 −8.9
UKIP Dr David Sebastian Fairweather 2,806 5.0 +2.8
Green Alastair White 959 1.7 −1.1
Independent Roseanne Edwards 524 0.9 N/A
Majority 18,227 32.4 21.8
Turnout 56,241 64.7 +0.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,382 46.9 +1.7
Labour Leslie Sibley 15,585 27.7 −7.3
Liberal Democrat Zoe Patrick 10,076 17.9 +2.0
Green Alyson Duckmanton 1,590 2.8 +0.3
UKIP Diana Heimann 1,241 2.2 +0.9
National Front James Starkey 918 1.6 N/A
Your Party Chris Rowe 417 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,797 19.2
Turnout 56,209 64.5 +3.4
Conservative hold Swing +4.5
General Election 2001: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 23,271 45.2 +2.3
Labour Leslie Sibley 18,052 35.0 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Tony Worgan 8,216 15.9 −0.8
Green Bevis M. Cotton 1,281 2.5 +1.6
UKIP Stephen Harris 695 1.3 +0.7
Majority 5,219 10.2
Turnout 51,515 61.1 −14.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 25,076 42.91
Labour Mrs. Hazel Y. Peperell 20,339 34.8
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Catherine Z. Bearder 9,761 16.7
Referendum Party James W. Ager 2,245 3.84
Green Bevis M. Cotton 530 0.91
UKIP L. King 364 0.62
Natural Law Ian Pearson 131 0.22
Majority 4,737 8.11
Turnout 75.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992:Banbury[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 32,215 55.0 −1.2
Labour Mrs Angela T. Billingham 15,495 26.5 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey J. Fisher 10,602 18.1 −5.3
Natural Law Dr. Robin Ticciati 250 0.4 +0.4
Majority 16,720 28.6 −4.2
Turnout 58,562 81.5 +5.4
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,716 56.18
Social Democratic DC Rowland 12,386 23.42
Labour JA Honeybone 10,789 20.40
Majority 17,330 32.77
Turnout 76.15
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,225 53.36
Social Democratic K Fitchett 13,200 26.86
Labour JB Hodgson 9,343 19.01
Independent DN Brough 383 0.78
Majority 13,025 26.50
Turnout 75.24
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 31,137 54.70
Labour JB Hodgson 16,623 29.20
Liberal M White 8,658 15.21
National Front I Cherry 504 0.89
Majority 14,514 25.50
Turnout 78.29
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 24,210 47.35
Labour Anthony C Booth 18,019 35.24
Liberal D Charlton 8,352 16.34
Independent English Nationalist J Barbour 547 1.07
Majority 6,191 12.11
Turnout 75.71
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 25,167 45.43
Labour Anthony C Booth 18,289 33.01
Liberal Geoffrey J Fisher 11,947 21.56
Majority 6,878 12.41
Turnout 82.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 36,712 53.41
Labour Anthony C Booth 25,166 36.61
Liberal Geoffrey J Fisher 6,859 9.98
Majority 11,546 16.80
Turnout 77.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 28,932 47.53
Labour David Wright Young 24,529 40.30
Liberal Penelope Jessel 7,407 12.17
Majority 4,403 7.23
Turnout 81.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964:Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 27,281 47.18
Labour Gerald Teasdale Fowler 22,159 38.32
Liberal Francis John Ware 7,851 13.58
Farmers' Candidate James Hayward 534 0.92
Majority 5,122 8.86
Turnout 82.40
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959

Electorate 64,414

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Neil Marten 26,413 50.61
Labour David J Buckle 19,699 37.75
Liberal Kenneth Colman 6,074 11.64
Majority 6,714 12.87
Turnout 81.02
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955

Electorate 61,019

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 25,598 54.38
Labour Norman Francis Stogdon 21,473 45.62
Majority 4,125 8.76
Turnout 77.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951

Electorate 59,897

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,246 46.84
Labour William J. Bird 19,672 39.64
Liberal Lawrence William Robson 6,706 13.51
Majority 3,574 7.20
Turnout 82.85
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950

Electorate 58,809

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 21,365 43.46
Labour Cyril R. Fenton 19,408 39.48
Liberal Lawrence William Robson 8,392 17.07
Majority 1,957 3.98
Turnout 83.60
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 64,816

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,777 52.00
Labour Richard Brian Kerry Roach 21,951 48.00
Majority 1,826 3.99
Turnout 70.55
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 14 November 1935

Electorate 50,682

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Albert James Edmondson 21,904 65.66
Labour W E Wade 11,456 34.34
Majority 10,448 31.32
Turnout 65.82
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 27 October 1931

Electorate 47,406

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert James Edmondson unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929

Electorate 45,937

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert James Edmondson 16,444 45.5
Liberal Ronald Wilberforce Allen 13,800 38.2
Labour Cllr Lawrence A Wingfield 5,894 16.3 -0.2
Majority 2,644 7.3
Turnout 78.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 29 October 1924

Electorate 36,097

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert James Edmondson 15,053 52.7
Liberal Sir Harry Calvert Verney 8,825 30.8
Labour Arthur Ernest Monks 4,733 16.5
Majority 6,228 21.9
Turnout 79.3
Conservative hold Swing
CB Fry
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 35,855

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert James Edmondson 12,490
Liberal Charles Burgess Fry 12,271
Labour Ernest Nathaniel Bennett 2,500
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 15 November 1922:

Electorate 35,147

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert James Edmondson 12,491
Liberal J Harold Early 7,885
Labour Ernest Nathaniel Bennett 6,463
Majority
Turnout

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918:

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lt-Col. Sir Rhys Rhys-Williams unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Banbury by-election, 1918[13]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Rhys Rhys-Williams unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910 Banbury[13]

Electorate 7,948

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 3,629 50.6
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,538 49.4
Majority 91 1.2
Turnout 7,167 90.2
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election January 1910 Banbury[13]

Electorate 7,948

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,831 52.1
Liberal Hon. Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 3,516 47.9
Majority 315 4.2
Turnout 7,347 92.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Eustace Fiennes
General Election 1906 Banbury[13]

Electorate 7,748

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hon. Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 3,992 58.8
Conservative George Henry Robert Child Child Villiers 2,796 41.2
Majority 1,196 17.6
Turnout 6,788 87.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900 Banbury[13]

Electorate 7,853

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert Brassey 3,632 56.3
Liberal Hon. Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 2,821 43.7
Majority 811 12.6
Turnout 6,453 82.2
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Bindoff, p. 30.
  3. ^ See Bicester and Banbury
  4. ^ Succeeded as baronet, July 1615
  5. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ Created a baronet, June 1663
  7. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons
  8. ^ Knollys claimed and used the title Viscount Wallingford, but his claim was disallowed by the House of Lords
  9. ^ Created a baronet, June 1916
  10. ^ http://www.greenoxfordshire.com/imid99
  11. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/6TzPE1DYa
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [2]
  • Stanley T. Bindoff et al. (1982). The House of Commons: 1509 – 1558 ; 1, Appendices, constituencies, members A – C, Volume 4. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 0-436-04282-7. pp. 30–31.
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)

Coordinates: 51°58′N 1°18′W / 51.96°N 1.30°W / 51.96; -1.30

Parliament of the United Kingdom
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Title last held by
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Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1770–1782
Vacant
Title next held by
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