Banca d'Italia

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Banca d'Italia
Palazzo Koch, Headquarters of the Bank of Italy, Rome
Palazzo Koch, Headquarters of the Bank of Italy, Rome
Headquarters Rome
Established 1893
Governor Ignazio Visco
Central bank of Italy
Preceded by Banca Nazionale
Succeeded by European Central Bank (1999)1
Website bancaditalia.it
1 The Bank of Italy (Banca d'Italia) still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB.

Banca d'Italia (Italian for Bank of Italy), also known as Bankitalia, is the central bank of Italy and part of the European System of Central Banks. It is located in Palazzo Koch, Rome, via Nazionale. The bank's current governor is Ignazio Visco, who took the office on 1 November 2011.

Functions[edit]

After the charge of monetary and exchange rate policies was shifted in 1998 to the European Central Bank, within the European institutional framework, the bank implements the decisions, issues euro banknotes and withdraws and destroys worn pieces.

The main function has thus become banking and financial supervision. The objective is to ensure the stability and efficiency of the system and compliance to rules and regulations; the bank pursues it through secondary legislation, controls and cooperation with governmental authorities.

Following reform in 2005, which was prompted by takeover scandals, the bank has lost exclusive antitrust authority in the credit sector, which is now shared with Italy's Antitrust Authority.

Other functions include, market supervision, oversight of the payment system and provision of settlement services, State treasury service, Central Credit Register, economic analysis and institutional consultancy.

Bank of Italy gold reserves are 2,451.8 tonnes (2006).

History[edit]

The institution was established in 1893 from the combination of three major banks in Italy (after the Banca Romana scandal).[1][2] The new central bank first issued bank-notes during 1926.[3] Until 1928, it was directed by a general manager, after this time instead by a governor elected by an internal commission of managers, with a decree from the President of the Italian Republic, for a term of seven years.

General Managers (1893–1928)[edit]

Governors (1928–present)[edit]

Organization of the Bank of Italy[edit]

Governing Bodies[edit]

The Bank's governing bodies are the General Meeting of Shareholders, the Board of Directors, the Governor, the Director General and three Deputy Directors General; the last five constitute the Directorate.

The general meeting takes place yearly and with the purpose of approving accounts and appointing the auditors. The Board of Directors has administrative powers and is chaired by the governor (or by the Director General in his absence). Following reform in 2005, the governor lost exclusive responsibility regarding decisions of external relevance (i.e. banking and financial supervision), which has been transferred to the Directorate (by majority vote). The Director General is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the bank, and acts as governor when absent.

The Board of Auditors assesses the bank's administration and compliance with the law, regulations and the statute.

Appointment[edit]

The Directorate's term of office lasts six years and is renewable once. The appointment of the governor is the responsibility of the government, head of the Board of Directors, with the approval of the President of the Republic (formally a decree of the President). The Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders according to the bank statute.

2011 designation of new governor[edit]

On 25 October 2011, Silvio Berlusconi named Ignazio Visco as new governor of the bank, replacing Mario Draghi.

Shareholders[edit]

Banca d'Italia had 300,000 number of shares with a nominal value of €25,000. Original scattered around the banks of whole Italy, the shares now accumulated due to the merger of the banks since 1990s. The status of the bank state that a minimum of 54% profits would went to Italian government, and only a maximum of 6% profits would distributed as dividends according to shares ratio.[4]

As of 3 March 2015 [5]
Number of shares Percentage Voting rights Percentage
Intesa Sanpaolo 93,661 31.22%
Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna (subsidiary) 18,602 6.20%
Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze (subsidiary) 5,656 1.89%
Cassa di Risparmio del Veneto (subsidiary) 3,610 1.20%
Cassa di Risparmio Friuli – Venezia Giulia (subsidiary) 1,869 0.62%
Cassa di Risparmio di Pistoia e della Lucchesia (subsidiary) 1,126 0.38%
Casse di Risparmio dell'Umbria (subsidiary) 1,106 0.37%
Banca dell'Adriatico (subsidiary) 653 0.22%
Cassa dei Risparmi di Forlì e della Romagna (subsidiary) 605 0.20%
Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Viterbo (subsidiary) 251 0.08%
Cassa di Risparmio di Civitavecchia (subsidiary) 111 0.04%
Cassa di Risparmio di Rieti (subsidiary) 8 0.00%
Banca Monte Parma (subsidiary) 8 0.00%
UniCredit 66,342 22.11%
Generali Italia 19,000 6.33%
Italian Minister of Labour 0 0% 0 0%
INPS 15,000 5.00%
INAIL 2,000 0.67%
Cassa di Risparmio di Genova e Imperia 11,869 3.96%
Cassa di Risparmio di Savona (subsidiary) 123 0.04%
Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara (subsidiary) 101 0.03%
Banca del Monte di Lucca (subsidiary) 2 0.00%
Cassa di Risparmio di Asti 2,800 0.93%
Cassa di Risparmio di Biella e Vercelli (subsidiary) 6,300 2.10%
BNP Paribas France 0 0% 0 0%
Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (subsidiary) 8,500 2.83%
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena 7,500 2.50%
Crédit Agricole France 0 0% 0 0%
Cassa di Risparmio di Parma e Piacenza (subsidiary) 6,094 2.03%
Cassa di Risparmio della Spezaia (subsidiary) 266 0.09%
UnipolSai Assicurazioni 6,000 2.00%
Allianz SpA Germany 4,000 1.33%
Banco Popolare 3,668 1.22%
Banca delle Marche 2,459 0.82%
Cassa di Risparmio di Loreto (subsidiary) 100 0.03%
Unione di Banche Italiane 0 0% 0 0%
Banca Regionale Europea (subsidiary) 759 0.25%
Banca Carime (subsidiary) 500 0.17%
Cassa di Risparmio di Ferrara 949 0.32%
Banca Popolare di Milano 873 0.29%
Cassa di Risparmio di Ravenna 769 0.26%
Banca Popolare dell'Emilia Romagna 759 0.25%
Cassa di Risparmio di Fossano 750 0.25%
Banca Popolare di Vicenza 687 0.23%
Cassa di Risparmio di Cesena 675 0.23%
Cassa di Risparmio di San Miniato 652 0.22%
Reale Mutua Assicurazioni 500 0.17%
Veneto Banca 480 0.16%
Cassa di Risparmio di Rimini 393 0.13%
Cassa di Risparmio di Bolzano 377 0.13%
Banca Popolare di Bari 0 0%
Cassa di Risparmio di Orvieto (subsidiary) 237 0.08%
Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Teramo (subsidiary) 115 0.04%
Cassa di Risparmio di Pescara e di Loreto Aprutino (subsidiary) 8 0.00%
Cassa di Risparmio di Cento 311 0.10%
Cassa di Risparmio di Savigliano 200 0.07%
Cassa di Risparmio di Volterra 194 0.06%
Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Chieti 151 0.05%
Cassa di Risparmio di Fermo 130 0.04%
Credito Valtellinese 101 0.03%
Cassa di Risparmio della Repubblica di San Marino San Marino 36 0.01%
Cassa di Risparmio di Saluzzo 4 0.00%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alfredo Gigliobianco and Claire Giordano, Economic Theory and Banking Regulation: The Italian Case (1861-1930s), Quaderni di Storia Economica (Economic History Working Papers), Nr. 5, November 2010
  2. ^ Banca D'Italia - Origins
  3. ^ Banca D'Italia - History Retrieved 2012-05-28
  4. ^ Status
  5. ^ https://www.bancaditalia.it/chi-siamo/funzioni-governance/partecipanti-capitale/Shareholders_1.pdf?language_id=1

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′50″N 12°29′20″E / 41.89722°N 12.48889°E / 41.89722; 12.48889