Banchan

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Banchan
Korean cuisine-Banchan-11.jpg
Various banchan served at a table
Korean name
Hangul 반찬
Hanja
Revised Romanization banchan
McCune–Reischauer panch'an

Banchan (Hangul: 반찬; hanja: 飯饌; English pronunciation: /ˈbɑːnɑːn/; also spelled panch'an) refers to small dishes of food served along with cooked rice in Korean cuisine. This word is used both in the singular and plural. The word Banchan translated into English means side dish.

The basic table setting for a meal called 'bansang' (반상) usually consists of bap (밥, cooked rice), guk or tang (soup), gochujang or ganjang, jjigae, and kimchi. According to the number of banchan added, the table setting is called 3 cheop (삼첩), 5 cheop (오첩), 7 cheop (칠첩), 9 cheop (구첩), 12 cheop (십이첩) bansang, with the 12 cheop used in Korean royal cuisine.[1]

Banchan are set in the middle of the table to be shared. At the center of the table is the secondary main course, such as galbi or bulgogi, and a shared pot of jjigae. Bowls of cooked rice and guk (soup) are set individually. Banchan are served in small portions, meant to be finished at each meal and are replenished during the meal if not enough. Usually, the more formal the meals are, the more banchan there will be. Jeolla province is particularly famous for serving many different varieties of banchan in a single meal.[2]

Varieties[edit]

Kimchi[edit]

Main article: Kimchi
Dongchimi (동치미)

Kimchi is fermented vegetables, usually baechu (Napa cabbage), seasoned with chili peppers and salt. This is the essential banchan of a standard Korean meal. Some Koreans do not consider a meal complete without kimchi. Kimchi can be made with other vegetables as well, including scallions, gat (갓), and radish (무; mu).

Name[3] Korean name Description
Nabak kimchi 나박김치 Watery kimchi with less spicy baechu and mu
Dongchimi 동치미 Various vegetables in white brine. Nabak kimchi and dongchimi are referred to as mul kimchi (물김치), literally "water kimchi."
Geotjeori[4] 겉절이 Freshly made kimchi to be eaten crisp without fermenting. Usually made with baechu and lettuce.
Kkakdugi 깍두기 A kimchi made with cubed mu (white radish)
Oi sobagi 오이 소박이 Stuffed cucumbers kimchi, stuffed with chili, spring onions and buchu
Chonggak kimchi 총각김치 Whole mu with chili pepper seasoning. It is made with dallangmu, about the same size as sausages.
Yeolmu kimchi 열무김치 Thin and small young summer radish kimchi, which can be prepared either with or without fermented jeotgal.
Pa kimchi 파김치 Hot and salty scallion kimchi, seasoned with lots of myeolchijeot, the Korean version of salted anchovies.
Gat kimchi 갓김치 Indian mustard leaf kimchi with a large amount of red pepper powder and the unique bitter taste and aroma. Strong myeolchijeot and glutinous rice paste are added to reduce the hot and bitter taste.[5]

Namul[edit]

Main article: namul
Various namul

Namul (나물) refers to steamed, marinated, or stir-fried vegetables usually seasoned with sesame oil, salt, vinegar, minced garlic, chopped green onions, dried chili peppers, and soy sauce.

Name[6][7] Korean name Description
Kongnamul 콩나물 Cold boiled bean sprouts with sesame oil.
Sigeumchi namul[8] 시금치나물 Lightly parboiled spinach dressed with sesame oil, garlic, and soy sauce.
Miyeok muchim[9] 미역무침 Miyeok (wakame, a seaweed) with sweet vinegar and salt.
Musaengchae/Muchae[10] 무생채/무채 Long julienned white radish in a sweet vinegar sauce, sometimes with ground dried chili peppers.
Gosari namul 고사리나물 Prepared fern shoots that have been stir-fried.
Chwinamul 취나물 Stir-fried and seasoned aster scaber.
Bireum namul[11] 비름나물 Parboiled and seasoned amaranthus.
Naengi namul[12] 냉이나물 Parboiled and seasoned shepherd's purse.
Dolnamul 돌나물 Raw Sedum with pepper sauce dressing.
Gogumasun namul[13] 고구마순나물 Boiled/seasoned sweet potato shoots.
Gaji namul 가지나물 Boiled eggplant.
Doraji namul 도라지나물 Boiled Chinese bellflower roots.

Bokkeum[edit]

Bokkeum (볶음) is a dish stir-fried with sauce.

Jorim[edit]

Jorim is a dish simmered in a seasoned broth.

  • Dubu-jorim (두부조림) — Tofu simmered in diluted soy sauce, a little bit of sesame oil, minced garlic, and chopped green onion.[17]
  • Jang-jorim (장조림) — Beef simmered in soy sauce, optionally with hard-boiled eggs or hard-boiled quail eggs.[18]

Jjim[edit]

Jjim is a steamed dish.

  • Gyeran jjim (계란찜) — Mixed and seasoned eggs steamed in a hot pot.[19]
  • Saengseon jjim (생선찜)- Steamed fish.[20]

Jeon[edit]

Jeon denotes a variety of pan-fried, pancake-like dishes.[21] Buchimgae is a near synonym.

Others[edit]

  • Japchae (잡채) — A stand-alone dish in its own right, japchae can also be eaten as banchan. Japchae is glass noodles accompanied with a variety of vegetables and beef in a slightly-sweet garlic sauce.
  • Korean-style potato salad (감자 샐러드) with apples and carrots.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Korean) Making a bansang from Doosan Encyclopedia
  2. ^ (Korean) Hanjeongsik from Naver open dictionary, food columnist Lee JinRang (이진랑), 2005-07-17
  3. ^ "Types of Kimchi". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  4. ^ "겉절이" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  5. ^ Types of kimchi from Kimchi Time
  6. ^ "Korean Food: Seasoned Vegetables". Life in Korea. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  7. ^ "Herbivore’s delight – Spring namul". Korea.net (Dél-Koreai hivatalos oldala). 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  8. ^ "Spinach Side Dish Sigeumchi Namul (시금치나물)". Maangcshi.com. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  9. ^ Sook Choe Ji, Yukiko Moriyama (2003). Quick and Easy Korean Cooking for Everyone. Japan Publications Trading. p. 42. ISBN 9784889961249. 
  10. ^ "무생채" (in koreai). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  11. ^ "비름나물 고추장무침" (in koreai). Allrecipes.kr. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  12. ^ "Naengi namul (shepherd's purse namul)". Sanchon. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  13. ^ "Gogumasun namul". Trifood. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  14. ^ a b c "Stir-fried dishes". Life in Korea. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  15. ^ "JAE-YOOK (KIM-CHI) BO-KUM". Trifood. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  16. ^ "오징어채볶음" (in koreai). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  17. ^ "두부조림(dubu jorim / Braised Pan-Fried Tofu)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  18. ^ "JANG-JO-RIM". Trifood. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  19. ^ "계란찜" (in Korean). Sports Khan. 2013-03-13. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  20. ^ "Saengseon Jjim Braised Fish With Radish in Seasoned Soy Sauce". The Korea Times. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  21. ^ a b c "A List of Korean Savory Pancakes". About.com. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  22. ^ "감자전" (in Korean). Donga. Archived from the original on 2004-02-27. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  23. ^ "Saengseon Jeon (Pan-Grilled Fish With Egg)". Korea Timea. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  24. ^ "동그랑땡" (in Korean). Donga Woman. 2006. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 

External links[edit]