Location of the commune of Bancigny in the canton of Vervins
Bancigny is located some 50 km north-east of Laon and 12 km east by south-east of Vervins. It can be accessed by the D747 road from Plomion in the north-west which then continues east to Jeantes. There is also country road access from west, south, and north. Apart from the village the commune is entirely farmland with no other villages or hamlets.
The commune is traversed by the Huteau stream from east to west north of the village and bordering the Mill Farm north-west of the village. Bancigny commune is bordered by the communes of Plomion, Nampcelles-la-Cour, Dagny-Lambercy, and Jeantes.
Bancigny was called Bancegnies on a map dated 1205 and at that time the area was a lordship. The Bancigny area was made a County in 1590. During the French Revolution, Bancigny became a commune in the Canton of Plomion in the district of Vervins. In 1801 the commune was transferred to the Canton of Vervins in the Arrondissement of Vervins.
In 2010, the commune had 28 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Fortified church: The symmetry of the two towers can no longer be seen.
Church of Saint-Nicolas The defence towers in front (the upper part of each was leveled in the period 1900-1905 as evidenced by postcards of the period) have been listed as historical monuments since 1932. The church, dedicated to Saint Nicolas, has a Romanesque baptismal font. Its construction dates back to the early 18th century.
^At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.