|• Mayor||Sedat Pekel (CHP)|
|• District||713.38 km2 (275.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• District density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||10200 or 10220|
|Area code(s)||(+90) 0266|
Bandırma (from Greek: Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city in northwestern Turkey with 120,000 inhabitants (2012 estimate) on the Sea of Marmara. Also, Bandırma is a district of Balıkesir.
The city is a commercial centre and its harbour serves as a transit point for trade between Istanbul and Izmir. There is also agriculture produced in the surrounding areas, producing products like cereals, sheep wool and meat, cattle, grain and the mineral boracite.
The city has road and rail connections with other urban centres. Balıkesir which is province centre is 90 km, Istanbul is 100 km northeast (by boat), Bursa 100 km east, İzmir 270 km southwest and Canakkale 170 km west. Also city has a seaport and military airport.
Bandırma was used as a base for operations against the Greeks and local Anatolian tribes in the 13th century. During the following century, it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
The town, once known as Panderma, grew with the opening of the Izmir Railway in 1912. The port was active, and hosted steamships from throughout the world, including British and Greek ships. The city had intentions to build larger docks for large steamships.
As you may know, between 1919 and 1922, Greece launched a campaign into Asia Minor (Anatolia), in an effort to occupy and annex parts of Anatolia's western regions.
Initially, under the Sevres treaty, signed by the Entente and the Ottoman empire, the area around Smyrna (Izmir), was to be autonomous, and decide with a referendum if it wanted to be part of Greece or Turkey (Ottoman Empire). The Greek army was to guarantee the autonomity and internal security in the region.
Greece soon found out that they were not welcome in Anatolia by the muslim population, while also a revolutionary faction, under Mustafa Kemal, was taking military action against the Sevres treaty (that included fighting with Armenians, French and British).
Turkish armed groups started harassing the Greek army, and the Greek army took action by steadily expanding its positions, beyond the Smyrna region. In winter 1920–1921, and spring 1921, the Greek army attacked, in order to destroy the Turkish armed group, only to find that they had underestimated the Turkish forces (which were organized and trained as a regular army) and that the Greek forces in Anatolia were insufficient for the task.
From March to June 1921, Greece transported reinforcements, in order to increase the Army of Asia Minor to sufficient stength. In June 1921 the Greek army undertook a major offensive towards Kutahya and Eski Sehir, with the aim of encircling and destroying the Turkish army. The Greek forces advanced deep into the east, and caused much attrition to the Turkish forces, but they (the Turkish) were able to escape the Greek maneuvre, and retreat east of the river Saggarios (Sakarya). Facing the failure of their plan, the Greek high command decided to continue the attack, crossing the river, towards Ankara, the capital of the Turkish Revolutionaries.
By autumn 1921, the Greek economy, weak already from the beginning, collapsed. Facing this reality, it became evident in Greece that the war was lost, as the Army had lost any capabilities to launch a big offensive again. An immediate evacuation was unthinkable, as it would have a tremendous political effect, leading the government certainly to a fall. A financial trick (internal lending) by the minister of Economy gave additional life to the Greek Army, until the autumn of 1922, with the possibility of a medium offensive. This offensive was decided to be against Constantinople in summer 1922, but for political reasons it never materialized. Proposed plans for the creation of a "Minor Asian State" had no chances of success.
Eventually, in August 1922, a powerfull Turkish offensive broke the Greek Army in two parts, with the biggest being encircled and effectively destroyed. In relative disarray, the Greek Army evacuated Anatolia, into the Aegean islands and Eastern Thrace.
Bandırma is one of TCDD's main seaports, therefore the city sees much freight railroad traffic. Two passenger trains also operate from Bandırma to İzmir daily. These being the "6 Eylül Ekspresi", and the "17 Eylül Ekspresi". A new railway project will connect Bandırma with Bursa. İDO also connects Bandırma with İstanbul, via ferry.
|population by years|
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
Twin towns — Sister cities
Bandırma is twinned with:
Notable People from Bandırma
- Bekir Sami Günsav, Military officer in the Ottoman and Turkish armies
- Ahmet Nuri Öztekin, Military officer in the Ottoman and Turkish armies
- Lambros Mytilinakis, Military officer in the Greek army
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
- Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları
- Inter-City Lines
Bandırma Page https://www.facebook.com/BandirmaPage
Bandırma Page Bandırma Sayfası https://www.facebook.com/BandirmaPage
Bandırma Haber Sitesi www.bandirmapage.com