Bandō Sanjūsankasho

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The Bandō Sanjūsankasho (坂東三十三箇所?) ("The Bandō 33 Kannon Pilgrimage") is a series of 33 Buddhist temples in Eastern Japan sacred to Goddess Kannon.[1] Bandō is the old name for what is now the Kantō region,[2] used in this case because the temples are all in the Prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama, Tokyo, Gunma, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Chiba.[1] As is the case with all such circuits, each location has a rank, and pilgrims believe that visiting them all in order is an act of great religious merit.[2]

Started by Minamoto no Yoritomo and his son Sanetomo,[1] the Bandō Sanjūsankasho is just one of 70 different Kannon pilgrimage circuits existing in Japan, each including 33 temples because the Goddess is believed to have 33 different manifestations.[2] Sugimoto-dera in Kamakura is number one, Zushi's Gandenji's is number two, An'yō-in in Kamakura is the number three, the famous Hasedera in Hase number four, and so on.[1] From its beginning at Sugimotodera to its end in Chiba's Nagodera, the circuit is over 1300 km long.[1] Even though women were allowed to pray at individual temples, the circuit was originally reserved to male pilgrims.[2] Now however most of the pilgrims are women.[2] Pilgrims leave behind a slip of paper or a sticker as a proof of their visit, and many of these can be seen plastered on temple walls and pillars.[3]

The 33 temples of the Bandō Sanjūsankasho circuit[1][edit]

No. Temple Honzon (main image) Location Coordinates Image
1 Sugimoto-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Kamakura, Kanagawa 35°19′21″N 139°34′03″E / 35.322611°N 139.567444°E / 35.322611; 139.567444 (Sugimoto-dera) Sugimoto-dera
2 Ganden-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Zushi, Kanagawa 35°18′18″N 139°34′20″E / 35.305056°N 139.572306°E / 35.305056; 139.572306 (Ganden-ji) Ganden-ji
3 An'yō-in Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Kamakura, Kanagawa 35°18′51″N 139°33′19″E / 35.314167°N 139.555278°E / 35.314167; 139.555278 (An'yō-in) An'yō-in
4 Hase-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Kamakura, Kanagawa 35°18′45″N 139°31′59″E / 35.3125°N 139.533056°E / 35.3125; 139.533056 (Hase-dera) Hase-dera
5 Shōfuku-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Odawara, Kanagawa 35°16′48″N 139°09′52″E / 35.280028°N 139.164333°E / 35.280028; 139.164333 (Shōfuku-ji) Shōfuku-ji
6 Chōkoku-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Atsugi, Kanagawa 35°28′18″N 139°18′14″E / 35.471611°N 139.303833°E / 35.471611; 139.303833 (Chōkoku-ji) Chōkoku-ji
7 Kōmyō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 35°21′32″N 139°17′20″E / 35.35875°N 139.288778°E / 35.35875; 139.288778 (Kōmyō-ji) Kōmyō-ji
8 Shōkoku-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Zama, Kanagawa 35°29′06″N 139°23′56″E / 35.484889°N 139.398889°E / 35.484889; 139.398889 (Shōkoku-ji) Shōkoku-ji
9 Jikō-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Tokigawa, Saitama 36°00′41″N 139°13′56″E / 36.0115°N 139.232111°E / 36.0115; 139.232111 (Jikō-ji)
10 Shōbō-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Higashimatsuyama, Saitama 36°00′05″N 139°21′44″E / 36.001389°N 139.362361°E / 36.001389; 139.362361 (Shōbō-ji) Shōbō-ji
11 Anraku-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Yoshimi, Saitama 36°03′16″N 139°26′18″E / 36.054333°N 139.438278°E / 36.054333; 139.438278 (Anraku-ji) Anraku-ji
12 Jion-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Saitama, Saitama 35°58′46″N 139°42′39″E / 35.979444°N 139.710778°E / 35.979444; 139.710778 (Jion-ji) Jion-ji
13 Sensō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Asakusa, Tokyo 35°42′53″N 139°47′48″E / 35.714722°N 139.79675°E / 35.714722; 139.79675 (Sensō-ji) Sensō-ji
14 Gumyō-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Yokohama, Kanagawa 35°25′27″N 139°35′51″E / 35.424167°N 139.597417°E / 35.424167; 139.597417 (Gumyō-ji) Gumyō-ji
15 Chōkoku-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Takasaki, Gunma 36°23′07″N 138°55′58″E / 36.385278°N 138.932639°E / 36.385278; 138.932639 (Chōkoku-ji) Chōkoku-ji
16 Mizusawa-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Shibukawa, Gunma 36°28′46″N 138°56′43″E / 36.479333°N 138.945278°E / 36.479333; 138.945278 (Mizusawa-dera) Mizusawa-dera
17 Mangan-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Tochigi, Tochigi 36°28′32″N 139°35′21″E / 36.475528°N 139.58925°E / 36.475528; 139.58925 (Mangan-ji)
18 Chūzen-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Nikkō, Tochigi 36°43′51″N 139°29′31″E / 36.730778°N 139.492056°E / 36.730778; 139.492056 (Chūzen-ji)
19 Ōya-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Utsunomiya, Tochigi 36°35′48″N 139°49′15″E / 36.59675°N 139.82075°E / 36.59675; 139.82075 (Ōya-ji) Ōya-ji
20 Saimyō-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Mashiko, Tochigi 36°27′10″N 140°07′02″E / 36.452778°N 140.117361°E / 36.452778; 140.117361 (Saimyō-ji) Saimyō-ji
21 Nichirin-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Daigo, Ibaraki 36°55′16″N 140°16′25″E / 36.921194°N 140.273722°E / 36.921194; 140.273722 (Nichirin-ji) Nichirin-ji
22 Satake-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Hitachiōta, Ibaraki 36°31′34″N 140°30′17″E / 36.526028°N 140.504667°E / 36.526028; 140.504667 (Satake-ji) Satake-ji
23 Shōfuku-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Kasama, Ibaraki 36°23′11″N 140°15′35″E / 36.386306°N 140.259611°E / 36.386306; 140.259611 (Shōfuku-ji) Shōfuku-ji
24 Rakuhō-ji (楽法寺) Enmei Kannon Sakuragawa, Ibaraki 36°19′51″N 140°07′15″E / 36.330833°N 140.120833°E / 36.330833; 140.120833 (Rakuhō-ji)
25 Ōmi-dō Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Tsukuba, Ibaraki 36°12′46″N 140°05′58″E / 36.212639°N 140.099417°E / 36.212639; 140.099417 (Ōmi-dō)
26 Kiyotaki-dera (清滝寺) Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Tsuchiura, Ibaraki 36°09′55″N 140°10′02″E / 36.165194°N 140.167361°E / 36.165194; 140.167361 (Kiyotaki-dera)
27 Enpuku-ji (円福寺) Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Chōshi, Chiba 35°43′55″N 140°50′26″E / 35.731944°N 140.840611°E / 35.731944; 140.840611 (Enpuku-ji) Enpuku-ji
28 Ryūshō-in Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Narita, Chiba 35°52′01″N 140°20′31″E / 35.867083°N 140.341944°E / 35.867083; 140.341944 (Ryushō-in)
29 Chiba-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Chiba 35°35′43″N 140°07′54″E / 35.595139°N 140.131694°E / 35.595139; 140.131694 (Chiba-dera) Chiba-dera
30 Kōzō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Kisarazu, Chiba 35°20′20″N 139°59′40″E / 35.338806°N 139.994444°E / 35.338806; 139.994444 (Kōzō-ji) Kōzō-ji
31 Kasamori-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Chōnan, Chiba 35°23′59″N 140°11′56″E / 35.399611°N 140.198917°E / 35.399611; 140.198917 (Kasamori-ji) Kasamori-ji
32 Kiyomizu-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Isumi, Chiba 35°17′25″N 140°21′23″E / 35.290139°N 140.356333°E / 35.290139; 140.356333 (Kiyomizu-dera) Kiyomizu-dera
33 Nago-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja)
Tateyama, Chiba 35°01′32″N 139°51′29″E / 35.025556°N 139.857972°E / 35.025556; 139.857972 (Nago-dera) Nago-dera

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Japanese Wikipedia
  2. ^ a b c d e Donald Richie
  3. ^ Iso Mutsu

References[edit]

External links[edit]