In 1998, the tehsils of Karwi and Mau, formerly part of Banda District, became the new Chitrakoot District. Banda was a town and district of British India, in the Allahabad division of the United Provinces. The population in 1901 was 22,565. It was formerly, but is no longer, a military cantonment. It had a Rai Bahadur Raiyse, Pt Mannulal Awasthi (183 villages), which was a royal family of Bundelkhand and one of the biggest jagirdars of1920's and 1930's, heir to which is now Mrs Amita Bajpai. Nearly 75% of Banda district belonged to Rai Bahadur Pt Mannulal Awasthi up to 1947 under British India.
The district largely consists of irregular uplands with outcrops of rocks intermingling with lowlands, which are frequently under water during the rainy season. The Baghein River traverses the district from south-west to north-east. Other important rivers are the Ken River in the east and the Yamuna to the north. The dominant communities of this area are of Kshatriyas, Patels, Chandrauls, Chandelas, Bundelas etc.