Bandar-e Anzali

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the administrative subdivision, see Bandar-e Anzali County.
"Enzeli" redirects here. For the racehorse, see Enzeli (horse).
Bandar-e Anzali
بندرانزلی
city
Anzali boulevard
Anzali boulevard
Official seal of Bandar-e Anzali
Seal
Bandar-e Anzali is located in Iran
Bandar-e Anzali
Bandar-e Anzali
Coordinates: 37°28′22″N 49°27′44″E / 37.47278°N 49.46222°E / 37.47278; 49.46222Coordinates: 37°28′22″N 49°27′44″E / 37.47278°N 49.46222°E / 37.47278; 49.46222
Country  Iran
Province Gilan
County Bandar-e Anzali
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Mayor Reza Pourshaaban
Population (2006)
 • Total 109,687
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Website www.anzali.ir
Bandar-e Anzali Sea Tranzit
Anzali Lagoon on the Caspian Sea

Bandar-e Anzali English: Anzali Port Persian: بندرانزلی‎, also Romanized as Bandar-e Anzalī; before the Iranian Revolution, known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (Persian: بندر پهلوی), also Romanized as Bandar-e Pahlavī, Bandar Pahlavi, and Bandar Pahlevi, or simply as Pahlavī)[1] is a city in and the capital of Bandar-e Anzali County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 109,687, in 32,424 families.[2]

Bandar-e Anzali (Anzali Port) is a harbour town ("Bandar" means "port") on the Caspian Sea, close to Rasht. Bandar-e Anzali is one of the most important seaports in the north of Iran. It consists of an island called Mianposhteh and the surrounding lands. Tourist attractions include a clock tower called Manareh, the long harbour promenade, and the water-logged delta of and beach along the Sefid River. Bandar-e Anzali is the port where the Polish Anders Army disembarked, in an operation that lasted from April 1 until October, 1942, after evacuating from the USSR. The Polish Cemetery in the city was created the same year.

History[edit]

Anzali is an old city in ancient Iran, they are related to Kadusin, owing to their pleasant relationship with Cyprus and their cooperation in battles, they changed their name to Anzan (Anshan-e Pars), which Greeks called Anzaluy. This word In Pahlavi language means Anzalag and the Arabic form of it is Anzalaj. Anzali Gulf was a safe harbour for trade ships and fishing boats. It was renamed to Pahlavi in 1935.

Its wonderful lagoon, Customs and City Hall edifice (Shahrdari), Mian Poshte Palace and Motamedi Edifice, are its tourist attractions. The structure Of Naser-al-din Shah Place which was built by Moayer-ol-mamalekk and its famous Sangi Bath was destroyed by people and natural factors.

A wonder of Sangi Bath was the system of heating and durability water in its basins. Some groups think that Motamedi edifice had been changed; it is now its police office. This Ghajar Structure built in two floors with the help of Mirza Abd-ol-Vahab.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tovoos Tower, the tallest tower in Bandar Anzali

The Anzali Lagoon divides the Anzali Port in two parts. The town is connected by two bridges to the Beheshti Island. There is a caviar processing factory in Bandar-e Anzali, some old ruins from 19th century and the popular Shanbeh Bazaar. Tourbebar is a beautiful village about 40 kilometers from Bandar-e Anzali, near the Anzali Lagoon.

Climate[edit]

Bandar-e Anzali has the most humid climate of any city in Iran, having a climate somewhat similar in its heavy autumn and early winter rainfall and persistent high humidity and low sunshine to the Sea of Japan coast of Japan, though it receives much less summer rainfall than that region. It remains classified as a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa).Bandar-e Anzali is the city with the most rainfall in Iran with over 2000 mm rainfall annual. The warm and humid weather has allowed this region to grow crops such as rice and tea that require very large amounts of moisture, especially with the extra water draining from the Elburz Mountains.

Climate data for Bandar-e Anzali
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36
(97)
35
(95)
37
(99)
36
(97)
33
(91)
37
(99)
34
(93)
31
(88)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
9.8
(49.6)
11.2
(52.2)
16.2
(61.2)
21.8
(71.2)
26.6
(79.9)
29.4
(84.9)
29.2
(84.6)
25.7
(78.3)
21.2
(70.2)
16.5
(61.7)
12.6
(54.7)
19.19
(66.56)
Average low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.4
(39.9)
6.3
(43.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.4
(72.3)
22.2
(72)
19.4
(66.9)
15.1
(59.2)
10.5
(50.9)
6.7
(44.1)
13.18
(55.73)
Record low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−4
(25)
−4
(25)
−1
(30)
6
(43)
10
(50)
15
(59)
16
(61)
11
(52)
6.6
(43.9)
0
(32)
−4
(25)
−7
(19)
Rainfall mm (inches) 167.9
(6.61)
122.7
(4.831)
115.1
(4.531)
58.1
(2.287)
49.0
(1.929)
53.8
(2.118)
46.2
(1.819)
115.0
(4.528)
273.1
(10.752)
332.0
(13.071)
306.1
(12.051)
214.5
(8.445)
1,853.5
(72.972)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.5 10.3 11.4 7.6 6.7 4.2 3.7 6.7 11.0 12.6 12.4 11.8 109.9
 % humidity 86 86 88 86 83 79 76 79 85 87 87 86 84
Mean monthly sunshine hours 90.8 90.2 95.4 136.0 201.4 246.0 256.8 211.9 159.0 122.6 97.3 90.0 1,797.4
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics

Caviar[edit]

Bandar-e Anzali is known to be the world capital of precious caviar. The preparation and marketing of the precious black eggs is a state monopoly, handled through The Iranian Fishing Company under the control of the Finance Ministry. The public is not admitted to the immense refrigerated hangars where tons of sturgeons, monsters between 2 and 3 meters long weighing between 75 and 100 kilograms, are stored after the removal of the caviar, usually equivalent to about one tenth of their weight.

Sports[edit]

Malavan Sport and Cultural Club Logo

The Iranian sports club Malavan Sport and Cultural Club is based in Bandar-e Anzali, their football team Malavan currently plays in the Iran Pro League.

City of Firsts[edit]

  • First Municipality of Iran [1]

People and culture[edit]

The people of Anzali speak Gileki as the maternal language and Persian as the national language.

Colleges and universities[edit]

  1. Anzali University
  2. Islamic Azad University of Anzali

Village of Anzali[edit]

  • Village Karkan www.karkan.ir
  • Village Kargan
  • Village chay Bijar
  • Village Syavozan
  • Village Oshtarkan
  • village Siyakhalesar
  • Village Shylesar
  • Village Abkenar
  • Village Torbebar
  • Village Eshpla
  • Village Moaf
  • Village Khomeyran
  • Village Kachlak
  • Village Kaporchal
  • Village Rodposht

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bandar-e Anzali can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055109" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ History/Anzali Port/Anzaliclub

External links[edit]