Stenopus hispidus

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Stenopus hispidus
Boxer shrimp at Batu Moncho.JPG
S. hispidus from Batu Moncho, Indonesia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Stenopodidae
Genus: Stenopus
Species: S. hispidus
Binomial name
Stenopus hispidus
(Olivier, 1811)[1]

Stenopus hispidus is a shrimp-like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Common names include banded coral shrimp and banded cleaner shrimp.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Stenopus hispidus has a pan-tropical distribution,[3] extending into some temperate areas. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Canada to Brazil,[4] including the Gulf of Mexico.[3] In Australia, it is found as far south as Sydney and it also occurs around New Zealand.[2]

Description[edit]

Stenopus hispidus reaches a total length of 60 millimetres (2.4 in),[2] and has striking colouration. The ground colour is transparent,[5] but the carapace, abdomen and the large third pereiopod are all banded red and white.[2] The antennae and other pereiopods are white.[2] The abdomen, carapace and third pereiopods are covered in spines.[5]

Ecology[edit]

Stenopus hispidus lives below the intertidal zone, at depth of up to 210 metres (690 ft),[2] on coral reefs.[5] It is a cleaner shrimp, and advertises to passing fish by slowly waving its long, white antennae.[5][6] S. hispidus uses its three pairs of claws to remove parasites, fungi and damaged tissue from the fish.[6] Stenopus hispidus is monogamous.[7]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Fransen (2010). "Stenopus hispidus (Olivier, 1811)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved June 11, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gary C. B. Poore & Shane T. Ahyong (2004). "Stenopodidea – coral shrimps and venus shrimps". Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia: a Guide to Identification. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 145–149. ISBN 978-0-643-06906-0. 
  3. ^ a b Darryl L. Felder, Fernando Álvarez, Joseph W. Goy & Rafael Lemaitre (2009). "Decapoda Crustacea of the Gulf of Mexico with Comments on the Amphionidacea". In Darryl L. Felder & David K. Camp. Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota: Biodiversity. Volume 1. Texas A&M University Press. pp. 1019–1104. ISBN 978-1-60344-094-3. 
  4. ^ "Stenopus hispidus (Olivier, 1811) banded coral shrimp". SeaLifeBase. March 23, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gilbert L. Voss. "The crustaceans". Seashore Life of Florida and the Caribbean. Courier Dover Publications. pp. 78–123. ISBN 978-0-486-42068-4. 
  6. ^ a b Brian Morton & John Edward Morton (1983). "The coral sub-littoral". The Sea Shore Ecology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 253–300. ISBN 978-962-209-027-9. 
  7. ^ Conrad Limbaugh, Harry Pederson & Fenner A. Chace, Jr. (1961). "Shrimps that clean fishes". Bulletin of Marine Science 11 (2): 237–257. 

External links[edit]