Bandel

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This article is about the place. For the cheese, see Bandel (cheese). For the German-American engineer, see Hannskarl Bandel.
Bandel
ব্যান্ডেল
Town
Bandel is located in West Bengal
Bandel
Bandel
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°55′22″N 88°22′46″E / 22.922743°N 88.379542°E / 22.922743; 88.379542Coordinates: 22°55′22″N 88°22′46″E / 22.922743°N 88.379542°E / 22.922743; 88.379542
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712123, 712103, 712104
Telephone code 91 33 2631, 2686
Lok Sabha constituency Hooghly
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chunchura-190
Website hooghly.nic.in

Bandel, founded by Portuguese settlers, is an urban area in Chinsurah-Mogra block in Chinsurah subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is under Chinsurah police station and is a part of Kolkata Metropolitan Area .[1] Bandel is also known as a major junction station of Eastern Railway, it is 40 km from Howrah station. The HowrahBardhaman Main line, the Bandel–Naihati line and the Bandel–Katwa line meet here.

History[edit]

Bandel church[edit]

Main article: Bandel Church
Bandel Basilica

Earlier, there was a Portuguese settlement at Bandel. The Church and the Monastery were built around 1660 by the Portuguese. Bandel Church is one of the oldest Christian churches in West Bengal. It is dedicated to Nossa Senhora do Rosário, also known as "Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem", meaning "Our Lady of the Good Journey". The keystone of an older church with the year 1599 on it adorns the riverside gate of the monastery attached to it.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bandel is located at 22°55′22″N 88°22′46″E / 22.922743°N 88.379542°E / 22.922743; 88.379542[3] and it has an elevation of 16 m.[4] The main river that flows by Bandel is Ganges. The town is in Gangetic plain.

Climate

Like the rest of the Ganges delta of West Bengal, the climate is tropical wet-and-dry in nature. A prolonged hot and humid weather is the main characteristic of the climate of Bandel. The Monsoon stays from early June to mid-September. Winter persists for almost three months, from mid-November to mid-February. The weather remains dry during the winter and humid during summer.

Economy[edit]

Bandel

Dunlop Factory: The famous Dunlop factory is situated at Sahaganj near Bandel.Though the condition of the factory is not satisfactory at all.
BTPS: Bandel Thermal Power Station was started with a capacity of 82.5 MW in 1965. It has since been expanded and currently has a rated capacity of 530 MW. It is operated under the West Bengal Power Development Corporation (WBPDCL).[5] A very old factory PANCH STEEL was purchased and set up a wagon factory Jupiter Wagons Limited.
Bakery: Bandel is the base of many bakery industries.
Bandel Bazar:Bandel Bazar is one of the biggest and important markets of the district. It's the hub of agricultural import and export. Vegetables, fruits (especially mango, watermelon), and rice are exported from the market.
Banks: At Bandel, there are branches of banks such as Allahabad Bank, Canara Bank, Punjab & Sind Bank, State Bank of India, Uco Bank and United Bank of India.

Transport[edit]

A local train leaving Bandel Station
Bandel Yard

At Bandel there are two railway stations, Hooghly railway station and Bandel Junction. Bandel Junction is an important railway station of Eastern Railway and is a model rail station. The station is situated approximately 40 km from Howrah station on the Howrah-Bardhaman Main Line. The Bandel-Katwa meets the Howrah main line, here at Bandel Jn. Another branch line connects Bandel with Sealdah and Kolkata station via Naihati Junction. An EMU car-shed as well as a goods yard is situated in the neighbourhood of Bandel station.

Like other parts of Kolkata suburban area auto rickshaws can easily be found on the roads and streets of Bandel. Besides, there are buses, taxis, rickshaws. These all contribute to the public transport of Bandel.

The nearby airport is the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata.

Festivals[edit]

Like other parts of West Bengal, Durga Puja is the biggest festival of Bandel. Kartik Puja is one of the famous festival celebrated in Bandel. Also Laxmi Puja, Kali Puja, Viswakarma Puja, Saraswati Puja, Poila Boisakh-Ganesh Puja, Chhat Puja, Dol Yatra are widely celebrated at Bandel. Olichandi Mela (fair) is the biggest fair observed at Bandel in early summer after the Dol Yatra. Christmas is well celebrated at Bandel church and lots of people come here for this occasion. Eid is the major festival celebrated by the Muslim community of Bandel.

Schools[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Nearby places[edit]

Debanandapur[edit]

It is the birthplace of the Bengali author Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay and is about 3 km west from Bandel Station. His dwelling house is still there. There also is a library named Sarat Smrithi Pathagar, which includes a museum room containing the things used by the famous writer. The village has some 19th-century atchala temples. It is one of the seven important villages named Saptagram at the time of Mughals.[6]

Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Sahaganj[edit]

Sahaganj is 4 km from Bandel station. A unit of Dunlop India Ltd. is located here. Ruias purchased Dunlop India Ltd. from the Dubai-based Jumbo group owned by the Chhabarias.the pin code is 712104.[7] and resumed production in January 2007 after 8 years. After few months of starting production Ruias also stopped production again, till December 2012 there is no hope of light for the workers.[8]

Tribeni[edit]

Tribeni is 8 km from Bandel on the Bandel-Katwa line.[9] Tribeni Tissues Limited, a specialty paper manufacturing company and a major supplier of tissue paper to the cigarette industry, is located at Tribeni. It was taken over by ITC in 1990.[10]

Other places[edit]

References[edit]