Bandera County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bandera County, Texas
Bandera county courthouse.jpg
The Bandera County Courthouse in Bandera. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 31, 1979.
Map of Texas highlighting Bandera County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Seat Bandera
Largest community Lakehills
Area
 • Total 798 sq mi (2,067 km2)
 • Land 792 sq mi (2,051 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (16 km2), 0.73%
Population
 • (2010) 20,485
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.banderacounty.org

Bandera County, formed in 1856 from Bexar and Uvalde counties, is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 20,485.[1] Its county seat is Bandera.[2] The county is named for the Spanish word for flag.

Bandera County is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is officially recognized as the "Cowboy Capital of the World" by the Texas Legislature.[3]

History[edit]

  • 8000 b.c. Early native American inhabitants include Comanche and Lipan Apache.[4]
  • 1841 (exact date uncertain) – Battle of Bandera Pass, John Coffee Hays and a troupe of Texas Rangers defeat a large party of Comanches at Bandera Pass.[5][6][7]
  • 1853 John James and Charles S. DeMontel[8] survey and plat the town of Bandera. A. M. Milstead, Thomas Odem, P.D. Saner, and their families camp along the river and begin making cypress shingles. James, Montel and Company build a horse-powered sawmill and open a store.[4][9]
  • 1855 Sixteen Polish families arrive in Bandera to work in James and DeMontel's sawmill. August Klappenbach opens the first store and post office.[4]
  • 1856 The legislature marks off Bandera County from portions of Bexar County, and the county is formally organized.[4]
  • 1860 Population 399, including 12 slaves.[4]
  • 1880 Sheep and Angora goats become more profitable for Bandera than farming.[4]
  • 1920 Cora and Ed Buck began taking boarders at their ranch, beginning the tourist trade in Bandera.[10][11]
  • 1933 Frontier Times Museum[12] opens to the public.[13]
  • 1979 Lost Maples State Natural Area opens to the public.[14]
  • 1982 Eight-two percent of the land in the county is in farms and ranches.[4]
  • 1984 Hill Country State Natural Area[15] opens to the public.[16]
  • 2000 The Nature Conservancy purchases 1,400 acres (5.7 km2) of Love Creek Ranch[17] from Baxter and Carol Adams, creating the Love Creek Preserve.[18]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 798 square miles (2,070 km2), of which 791 square miles (2,050 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (0.8%) is water.[19]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 399
1870 649 62.7%
1880 2,158 232.5%
1890 3,795 75.9%
1900 5,332 40.5%
1910 4,921 −7.7%
1920 4,001 −18.7%
1930 3,784 −5.4%
1940 4,234 11.9%
1950 4,410 4.2%
1960 3,892 −11.7%
1970 4,747 22.0%
1980 7,084 49.2%
1990 10,562 49.1%
2000 17,645 67.1%
2010 20,485 16.1%
Est. 2012 20,537 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,485 people residing in the county. 92.8% were White, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 3.8% of some other race and 1.8% of two or more races. 16.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 17.6% were of German, 13.7% English, 10.2% Irish and 10.1% American ancestry.[21]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 17,645 people, 7,010 households, and 5,061 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 9,503 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.02% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.55% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 13.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,010 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,013, and the median income for a family was $45,906. Males had a median income of $31,733 versus $24,451 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 7.70% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Bandera County:

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Pannebaker, Judith (July 11, 2013). "Bandera now official 'Cowboy Capital of the World'". Bandera County Courier. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Long, Christopher. "Bandera County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  5. ^ Fisher, O Clark (1966). "Battle of Bandera Pass". Great Western Indian Fights. Bison. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-8032-5186-1. 
  6. ^ Tobin, Peggy. "Battle of Bandera Pass". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  7. ^ McConnell, Joseph Caroll. "Famous Battle of Bandera Pass". Fort Tours. Fort Tour Systems, Inc. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  8. ^ Schumacher, Dr MJ (5 November 2009). "Granddaughter’s memories bring early history to life". Bandera County Courier. 
  9. ^ Tobin, Peggy. "Bandera, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  10. ^ Wise, Dan (July 25, 2006). "Celebrate Bandera County honors Bandera County's dude ranches". The Bandera Bulletin. 
  11. ^ "Old Buck Ranch". Texas State Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  12. ^ Pohlen, Jerome (2006). "Frontier Times Museum". Oddball Texas: A Guide to Some Really Strange Places. Chicago Review Press. pp. 140–141. ISBN 978-1-55652-583-4. 
  13. ^ "Frontier Times Museum". Texas State Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Lost Maples State Park". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved November 28, 2010.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  15. ^ Coppedge, Clay. "Bandera-Hill Country State Natural Preserve". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Hill Country State Natural Area". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Archived from the original on October 28, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  17. ^ Permenter, Paris; Bigley, John (2006). Day Trips from San Antonio. GPP Travel. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-7627-3868-7. 
  18. ^ "Love Creek Preserve". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  19. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder"
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°44′N 99°14′W / 29.74°N 99.23°W / 29.74; -99.23