Bandwan (community development block)

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Bandwan (CD Block)
বান্দোয়ান সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
community development block
Bandwan (CD Block) is located in West Bengal
Bandwan (CD Block)
Bandwan (CD Block)
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°52′34″N 86°30′25″E / 22.876°N 86.507°E / 22.876; 86.507Coordinates: 22°52′34″N 86°30′25″E / 22.876°N 86.507°E / 22.876; 86.507
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Area
 • Total 367.08 km2 (141.73 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 83,678
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Literacy 47.67%
Lok Sabha constituency Jhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bandwan
Website purulia.gov.in

Bandwan (community development block) is an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bandwan police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Bandwan.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Maoist activities[edit]

Banduan, along with certain other areas such as Manbazar, Jhalda, and Jaipur are part of the area affected by the violent activities of Indian Maoists, also referred to as Naxalites.[4][5][6][7]

Geography[edit]

Bandwan is located at 22°52′34″N 86°30′25″E / 22.876°N 86.507°E / 22.876; 86.507.

Bandwan community development block has an area of 367.08  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[8]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Bandwan block/ panchayat samiti are: Bandwan, Chirudih, Dhadka, Gurur, Kuilapal, Kumra, kunchia and Supudih.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Bandwan block had a total population of 83,678, out of which 42,246 were males and 41,427 were females. Bandwan block registered a population growth of 14.55 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Scheduled tribes at 42,096 formed around half the population. Scheduled castes numbered 6,273.[11]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Bandwan block had a total literacy of 47.67 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 66.52 per cent female literacy was 28.46 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ "Security tightened before Bengal polls". PTI. IBN Live. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  5. ^ "Maoists observe 24-hr bandh in five states". UNI. newsoneindia. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Purulia alert after land-mine blasts". The Statesman, 4 December 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. [dead link]
  7. ^ Jana, Naresh. "Terror shield for CPM". The Telegraph, 9 March 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  9. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  11. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  12. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08.