Banepa including Araniko Highway
Banepa (Nepal Bhasa: भोंत) is situated in a valley at about 4800ft, above the sea level Banepa, the historical town, is about 25km east from Kathmandu. "After having had the favours and directions of goddess Chandeshwori, king Anandadeva founded seven cities, viz, Banepa near Chandeshwori Pitha. Panauti near Prayaga Tirtha of Nepal, Nala near Nala Bhagawati, Dhulikhel near Narayana, Khadpu near Dhaneshwor; Chaukot near the resident of Chaukora Rishi; Sanga, near Nasiko Pitha". Anandedeva united the scattered villages and made modern Banepa surrounded by eight gates with a Ganesh (the elephant - headed god of good omen) at each of the gates in eight different directions in kaligat year 4197. He also built a temple of Chandeshwori and arranged a trust fund for the goddess.
At the time of the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 12537 and had 1956 households in it. The main attraction of Banepa is the temple of Chandeshwori, located approximately 1 km northeast of the town along the Rudramati River. The Dhaneshwor Temple is 1 km south of the town. Also Banepa is well known for its eight different temples of Lord Ganesh, Narayanthan, the temple of lord Narayan, Bhimshenthan, the temple of Lord Bhimshen and eight different ponds. A lot of festivals are celebrated in Banepa, including the Chandeshwori Jatra, the kanya-puja (worshipping of the young girls), Nawadurga Jatra (Fish-catching festival), Ganesh Jatra, and Bhimshen Jatra. Some of the ancient name of Banepa were Banepur, Baniyapur, Banipur . As it had trade relationship with Tibet from ancient period, Banepa is also known as "Bhont", "Bhonta", "Bhondhe". Banepa is the combination of two words i.e. "Bane" means 'Business' and "Pa" means 'Place'. Therefore, "Banepa" means 'Place of Business'.
Banepa has a Seventh-day Adventist hospital called Scheer Memorial Hospital, which was established in 1957. This hospital has been expanded as a medical college associated with Vanderbilt University in the USA and Kathmandu University. Many students enroll in the MBBS and B.Sc. Nursing programs at this hospital. Banepa is also the location of the Hospital and Rehabilitation Centre for Disabled Children, the only hospital in the country that provides tertiary-level care.
Banepa is also a major trade route to Tibet, with the Arniko Rajmarg, the only highway that connects Nepal and China (Tibet), running through this town. Furthermore, another newly constructed highway, the B.P. Koirala Highway (named after great leader of Nepal Bishweswor Prasad Koirala), also passes through this town. Though it is a small town, Banepa is the major economic center east of Kathmandu.
Banepa is also the best place for education in Kavre district of Nepal. There are a number of high schools and colleges. The oldest school of the district Azad Secondary School, Chaitanya Secondary School, Siksha Sadan Secondary School, Himalaya Secondary School and some of the well-known private boarding schools are Gyan Sarovar English Boarding Secondary School (estd. in 1988), Banepa Valley School, Siddhartha English Higher Secondary School, Bal Niketan English Boarding School, Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Bal Batika Vidhya Mandir High School, Kavre Secondary School, Bagmati English Boarding School, Pragati Pravat higher secondary school, RMS(Rambhakta Memorial School)(estd in 2005), Everest Academy and Kshitij English Boarding School. Among them the oldest private school is Pragati Prabhat School and the newest one is Kshitij English Boarding School which was established in 2006 A.D.
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