Stratigraphic range: Famennian–Tournaisian
The Banff Formation is visible on the eastern (left) slope of Mount Rundle
|Sub-units||Members A to F|
|Underlies||Pekisko Formation, Livingstone Formation|
|Overlies||Palliser Formation, Wabamun Formation, Exshaw Formation|
|Thickness||up to 400 metres (1,310 ft)|
|Other||Chert, sandstone, siltstone|
|Region||Alberta, British Columbia|
|Named for||Banff, Alberta|
|Named by||E.M. Kindle, 1924|
The Banff Formation extends from the 49th parallel in southern Alberta and the Kootenays region of British Columbia to north-eastern British Columbia, northern Alberta and the District of Mackenzie in the Northwest Territories. In its southern area, the thickness ranges from 400 feet (120 m) in the Rocky Mountains to 150 feet (50 m) in the sub-surface of the prairies. In the north, it ranges from 450 feet (140 m) in the Peace River Country to 450 feet (140 m) in northern Alberta.
Relationship to other units
The Banff Formation is overlies the Palliser Formation in the Canadian Rockies, the Wabamun Formation in central Alberta, the Exshaw Formation in southern Alberta and in the Fort Nelson area. It is overlain by the Pekisko Formation and the Livingstone Formation in north-central and southern Alberta respectively, and it is followed by the Shunda Formation in north-eastern British Columbia. An unconformity is observed between Banff and the Rundle Group in outcrop.
The Banff Formation is equivalent to the Lodgepole Formation in Montana. It can be correlated with the Besa River Formation in north-eastern British Columbia. In the southeastern Rocky Mountains, part of the formation passes laterally into the Pekisko Formation.
- Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Banff Formation". Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- Kindle, E.M., 1924b. Standard Paleozoic section of Rocky Mountains near Banff, Alberta; Pan-American Geologist, vol. 42, no. 2 (September), pp. 113-124.