Banff and Buchan (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the Scottish Parliament constituency, see Banff and Buchan (Scottish Parliament constituency).

Coordinates: 57°28′19″N 2°27′04″W / 57.472°N 2.451°W / 57.472; -2.451

Banff and Buchan
County constituency
BanffBuchanConstituency.svg
Banff and Buchan shown within Scotland
Created: 1983
MP: Dr Eilidh Whiteford
Party: Scottish National Party
Type: House of Commons
Council areas: Aberdeenshire
EP constituency: Scotland

Banff and Buchan is a constituency of the British House of Commons, located in the north-east of Scotland within the Aberdeenshire council area. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.

The seat has been held by the Scottish National Party since 1987, with party leader and current First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond representing the seat until 2010. In 2010, Eilidh Whiteford succeeded Salmond as the constituency's MP; however, the SNP vote share fell below 50% for the first time since 1992, due to a strong challenge by the Conservative Party.

A mostly rural constituency, it takes in the towns of Fraserburgh, Peterhead and Turriff, and the main industries are fishing and tourism.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

Council areas
grouped by the Fifth Review
Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City.png
Aberdeen City and Aberdeenshire

As created in 1983, the constituency replaced part of East Aberdeenshire and part of Banffshire.

New boundaries were used for the 2005 general election, as recommended by the Fifth Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland,[2] and the constituency is now one of five covering the Aberdeenshire council area and the Aberdeen City council area. The Banff and Buchan constituency is entirely within the Aberdeenshire area, covering a northern portion of it. To the south, Gordon covers part of the Aberdeenshire area and part of the Aberdeen City area. Further south, West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine is entirlely within the Aberdeenshire area and Aberdeen North and Aberdeen South are entirely within the Aberdeen City area.

The Banff and Buchan constituency continues to include the port towns of Peterhead and Fraserburgh. Also, it now includes Turriff, which was formerly within the Gordon constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1983 Albert McQuarrie Conservative
1987 Alex Salmond SNP
2010 Eilidh Whiteford SNP

Alex Salmond was the MP for Banff and Buchan from 1987 to 2010. He also represented the coterminous Scottish Parliament constituency between 1999 and 2001. He was later re-elected to Holyrood for the neighbouring seat of Gordon, and then for the re-drawn Aberdeenshire East seat, which he still represents. Salmond stood down at the 2010 general election so that he could focus on his jobs as an MSP and First Minister of Scotland, and was replaced by Eilidh Whiteford.

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Eilidh Whiteford 15,868 41.3 −9.9
Conservative Jimmy Buchan 11,841 30.8 +11.4
Labour Glen Reynolds 5,382 14.0 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Galen Milne 4,365 11.3 −2.0
BNP Richard Payne 1,010 2.6 N/A
Majority 4,027 12.5
Turnout 38,466 59.8 +3.2
SNP hold Swing −10.6

The swing of 10.6% to the Conservatives in Banff and Buchan was the largest swing in Scotland at the 2010 General Election.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Alex Salmond 19,044 51.2 −3.1
Conservative Sandy Wallace 7,207 19.4 −0.8
Liberal Democrat Eleanor Anderson 4,952 13.3 +4.3
Labour Rami Okasha 4,476 12.0 −2.1
Christian Vote Victor Ross 683 1.8 N/A
UKIP Kathleen Kemp 442 1.2 +0.2
Scottish Socialist Steve Will 412 1.1 −0.3
Majority 11,837 31.8 −2.3
Turnout 37,216 56.6 +2.2
SNP hold Swing −1.1
General Election 2001: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Alex Salmond 16,710 54.2 −1.5
Conservative Sandy Wallace 6,207 20.1 −3.7
Labour Ted Murray Harris 4,363 14.2 +2.3
Liberal Democrat Douglas Herbison 2,769 9.0 +3.0
Scottish Socialist Alice Janette Gilbertson Rowan 447 1.5 N/A
UKIP Eric Davidson 310 1.0 N/A
Majority 10,503 34.1 +2.1
Turnout 30,806 54.4 −14.3
SNP hold Swing +1.1

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Alex Salmond 22,409 55.8 +8.2
Conservative William Frain-Bell 9,564 23.8 −14.8
Labour Megan Harris 4,747 11.8 +3.6
Liberal Democrat Neil Fletcher 2,398 6.0 +0.4
Referendum Party Alan Buchan 1,060 2.6 N/A
Majority 12,845 32.0 +23.1
Turnout 40,178 68.7 −2.5
SNP hold Swing +11.5
General Election 1992: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Alex Salmond 21,954 47.5 +3.3
Conservative Sandy P. Manson 17,846 38.6 −0.1
Labour Brian R. Balcombe 3,803 8.2 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Rhona C. Kemp 2,588 5.6 −4.0
Majority 4,108 8.9 +3.3
Turnout 46,191 71.2 +0.4
SNP hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Alex Salmond 19,462 44.3 +6.8
Conservative Albert McQuarrie 17,021 38.7 −1.0
Social Democrat G. M. Burness 4,211 9.6 −5.5
Labour James. M. Livie 3,281 7.5 −0.3
Majority 2,441 5.6
Turnout 43,975 70.8 +3.8
SNP gain from Conservative Swing +3.9
General Election 1983: Banff and Buchan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert McQuarrie 16,072 39.7 N/A
SNP Douglas Henderson 15,135 37.4 N/A
Social Democrat E. Needham 6,084 15.0 N/A
Labour I. F. R. Lloyd 3,150 7.8 N/A
Majority 937 2.3 N/A
Turnout 40,441 67.0 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

References[edit]