Bangaon

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For other uses see Bangaon (disambiguation)
Bangaon
City
Bangaon is located in West Bengal
Bangaon
Bangaon
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°04′N 88°49′E / 23.07°N 88.82°E / 23.07; 88.82Coordinates: 23°04′N 88°49′E / 23.07°N 88.82°E / 23.07; 88.82
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Smt. Jyotsna Addhya
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 110,668
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Bangaon
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bangaon Uttar
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Bangaon (Bengali: বনগাঁ) is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. Bangaon is headquarters of Bangaon subdivision.

Geography[edit]

Bangaon is located at 23°04′N 88°49′E / 23.07°N 88.82°E / 23.07; 88.82.[1] It has an average elevation of 7 metres (22 feet). It is the last station on the Sealdah-Bangaon section of Eastern Railway, 77 km from Sealdah Station.[2] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. The Sealdah – Bangaon railway was built between 1882 and 1884.[3]

Geo-political significance[edit]

Bangaon is near the border with Bangladesh. The railway route to East Bengal was established in 1884 and the Barisal Express operated passenger services till 1947. After the partition, a mixed service (passenger and goods) continued till the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. With the creation of Bangladesh, the goods train service was reintroduced for two years from 1972 but again closed for lack of goods. India and Bangladesh signed an agreement in July last to re- establish the train link. This was in line with the initiatives of the previous BNP Government, which formed a committee in 1994 to assess the feasibility. Officials said the route would cut short 63 km compared to the Darshana-Gethe track to Dhaka and facilitate smooth traffic of 7 lakh metric tonnes of expected import-export items in a year. According to the agreement, goods train from both sides would be allowed at Benapole and Petrapole from where the Bangladesh Railway and the Indian Railway would take wagons of their counterparts to the destination.Petrapole Border is the most Profitable Border among the whole Indo-Bangladesh border. Most Business of Bangladesh come from this Border. This is Asia's largest land Port. And recently India Government has decided to transfer the port into a modern Port.[4]

Climate[edit]

  • Rainfall - 1,579mm( normal )
  • Temperature - Max 43 °C in May and Min 9 °C in January
  • Relative Humidity - Between 50% in March & 90% in July
  • Soil Status - varies from sandy to clay loam
  • Ratio of Land - High:Medium:Low = 17:44:39

River[edit]

The Ichamati River flows past Bangaon. Ray Bridge and Rakhaldas Setu connects the two side of the town.In recent years the river is polluted caused by draining of garbage.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Bangaon municipality had a population of 110,668, out of which 56,416 were males and 54,252 were females. The 0–6 years population was 8,452. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 90.25 per cent.[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Bangaon had a population of 102,115. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bangaon has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Municipality[edit]

The Municipality, established in 1954, is one of the old municipalities in West Bengal. Jyotsna Adhya is the present chairperson of the municipality.[7]

Transport[edit]

National Highway No. 35, or Jessore Road goes past Bangaon to Jessore in Bangladesh. Chakdah Road State Highway No 1 connects the town with Chakdaha.This route is famous for import and export of goods between Bangladesh and India.Many trucks passes through ,over weighed causing roads to be damaged.Jessor road and Ramnagar road is repaired recently.The roads are full of traffic jam in morning,afternoon and evening.WB police and WB traffic police are in charged for traffic control.

Public Transport[edit]

Public transport is one the main part of Bongaon city.This service includes DN Bus,yellow taxi,ac taxi,black autorikshaws and yellow auto rikshaws. Cycle van and rikshaws are cheapest and non polluting way of transport. Taxi service does not work within the city limits they are operated by kolkata taxi service which serve far distance within limited area. kolkata suburban railway connects all major towns and cities upto bongaon junction in east.The "shealda local" is busiest local railway line serving from bongaon to shealda.Ranaghat local another busy line.

Bus Routes

Private Bus Routes[edit]

DN Series[edit]

  • DN44 Dakshineshwar - Bongaon via Dunlop(Baranagar Road Station), Belgharia Expressway, Birati, Gouripur, Doltala, Madhyamgram, Dakbungalow More, Barasat Champadali, Kazipara, Bamungachi, Duttapukur, Bira, Guma, Ashoknagar, Habra, Gaighata, Chandpara

Nadia Bus Routes[edit]

Area of contamination[edit]

Bangaon is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[8]

Education[edit]

All the schools are affiliated to West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (for secondary education) and West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (for higher secondary education).

Schools[edit]

Established in 1864, Bongaon High School is the oldest school in the entire region.[9] Apart from it most notable school is Bongaon Kumudini Girls' High School. Other school includes Bongaon Kabi Keshoblal Vidyapith, Saktigarh High School, New Bongaon High School, New Bongaon Girls High School, Gauri Sundari Girls H.S. School etc.

College[edit]

Dinabandhu Mahavidyalay is the only degree college in Bangaon which is currently affiliated to West Bengal State University (formerly affiliated to University of Calcutta[10]).[11]

Healthcare[edit]

Bangaon has a Government aided Hospital namely Dr. J. R. Dhar Sub Divisional Hospital. It has 200 beds and 30 doctors. This hospital serves the need of the people of the entire region.Other than hospital,private nursing homes are present.The city has many number of medical stores a pharmacy.

Festival[edit]

Durga Puja is the main festival of Bongaon. The second largest Durga Puja is held in Bangaon after Kolkata.Durga puja is largly celebrated.during durga puja the streets are only available for people who come to see the puja and for emergency services like police,paramedics,ambulance and fire depth. Some other important festivals are Kali Puja,Rathjatra etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bangaon
  2. ^ Eastern Railway time table.
  3. ^ Chaudhuri, Sukanta, The Railway Comes to Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 239, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
  4. ^ The Hindu Business Line 18 June 2006
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ Bongaon Municipality Retrieved 24 July 2012
  8. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  9. ^ About our School bongaonhighschool.org. Retrieved 12 July 2013
  10. ^ Dinabandhu Mahavidyalay History Retrieved 15 July 2012
  11. ^ "Affiliated College of West Bengal State University".  Retrieved 15 July 2012