Bangerten

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Bangerten
Bangerten - Entrance to Bangerten village
Entrance to Bangerten village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Bangerten
Canton Bern
District Seeland
47°3′N 7°27′E / 47.050°N 7.450°E / 47.050; 7.450Coordinates: 47°3′N 7°27′E / 47.050°N 7.450°E / 47.050; 7.450
Population 160 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 73 /km2 (188 /sq mi)
Area 2.19 km2 (0.85 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 586 m (1,923 ft)
Postal code 3256
SFOS number 0532
Surrounded by Iffwil, Rapperswil, Scheunen, Zuzwil
Website website missing
SFSO statistics
Bangerten is located in Switzerland
Bangerten
Bangerten

Bangerten is a municipality in the Seeland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Bangerten is first mentioned in 1263 as Bongarthen. Roman coins have been found in Bangerten. In the 13th and 14th Centuries the Order of St. John in Münchenbuchsee bought out most of the earlier land owners, including the Burgdorf Family von Steffisburg. Following the Secularization of the monasteries (1528), Bangerten became part of the Landvogtei of Münchenbuchsee.[3]

The municipality has remained generally agrarian. In 1990, 24 of the 42 workers in the village worked in agriculture. Due to agreements with neighboring municipalities, the small municipality has been able to function with limited local infrastructure. Bangerten shares the vital records and welfare office with Etzelkofen, a primary school with Scheunen and a secondary school with Rapperswil.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bangerten cemetery

Bangerten has an area of 2.19 km2 (0.85 sq mi).[2] Of this area, 1.36 km2 (0.53 sq mi) or 62.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.7 km2 (0.27 sq mi) or 32.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.14 km2 (35 acres) or 6.4% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.2% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.2%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 49.8% is used for growing crops and 8.2% is pastures, while 4.1% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

It includes the village of Bangerten, Hohrain (formerly Taunersiedlung) as well as scattered farms. Since 1940 Bangerten belonged to the parish of Rapperswil (before 1940 it was Messen). Since 1924 they have had their own cemetery.

On 31 December 2009 Amtsbezirk Fraubrunnen, the municipality's former district, was dissolved. On the following day, 1 January 2010, it joined the newly created Verwaltungskreis Seeland.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules issuant from a Base Vert an Apple Tree of the same fructed Or behind a wattled Fence of the last.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Half-timbered house in Bangerten

Bangerten has a population (as of December 2012) of 160.[1] As of 2010, 4.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (2000-2010) the population has changed at a rate of -3.1%. Migration accounted for 8%, while births and deaths accounted for -3.7%.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (148 or 93.7%) as their first language. Three people each speak French or Arabic.[9]

As of 2008, the population was 48.7% male and 51.3% female. The population was made up of 74 Swiss men (46.8% of the population) and 3 (1.9%) non-Swiss men. There were 77 Swiss women (48.7%) and 4 (2.5%) non-Swiss women.[7] Of the population in the municipality, 52 or about 32.9% were born in Bangerten and lived there in 2000. There were 78 or 49.4% who were born in the same canton, while 16 or 10.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 6 or 3.8% were born outside of Switzerland.[9]

As of 2010, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 69.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 11.4%.[8]

As of 2000, there were 66 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 76 married individuals, 8 widows or widowers and 8 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2000, there were 19 households that consist of only one person and 3 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 65 apartments (95.6% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 2 apartments (2.9%) were seasonally occupied and one apartment was empty.[10] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2011, was 1.27%.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Sights[edit]

The entire village of Bangerten is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites[12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the Swiss People's Party (SVP) which received 43.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP) (21.4%), the Social Democratic Party (SP) (11.9%) and the Green Party (6.1%). In the federal election, a total of 68 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 52.7%.[13]

Economy[edit]

Restaurant Löwen in Bangerten

As of 2011, Bangerten had an unemployment rate of 1.87%. As of 2008, there were a total of 38 people employed in the municipality. Of these, there were 27 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person was employed in the secondary sector and there was 1 business in this sector. 10 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 97 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.2% of the workforce.

In 2008 there were a total of 26 full-time equivalent jobs. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 18, all in agriculture. There was one secondary sector, manufacturing job. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 7, of which 2 were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles and 5 were in a hotel or restaurant.[14]

In 2000, there were 8 workers who commuted into the municipality and 63 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 7.9 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[15] Of the working population, 16.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 47.4% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 8 or 5.1% were Roman Catholic, while 128 or 81.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Islamic. 17 (or about 10.76% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 3 individuals (or about 1.90% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

Old school house and municipal administration building

In Bangerten about 64 or (40.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 33 or (20.9%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 33 who completed tertiary schooling, 69.7% were Swiss men, 27.3% were Swiss women.[9]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were no students attending school in Bangerten.[16]

As of 2000, there were 13 students from Bangerten who attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c Bangerten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 16-November-2012
  7. ^ a b Statistical office of the Canton of Bern (German) accessed 4 January 2012
  8. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 16 November 2012
  9. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office 2011 Election (German) accessed 8 May 2012
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  16. ^ Schuljahr 2010/11 pdf document(German) accessed 4 January 2012

External links[edit]