|Bangka–Belitung Islands Province
Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Downtown Pangkal Pinang, the largest town of the province
|Motto: Serumpun Sebalai (Malay)
(The same root, the same place)
Location of Bangka–Belitung in Indonesia
|• Governor||Rustam Effendi|
|• Vice Governor||Hidayat Arsani|
|• Total||16,424.14 km2 (6,341.40 sq mi)|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Malays (60%), Chinese (Mostly Hakka) (24%), Javanese (4%), Buginese (3%), Madurese (1%), Sundanese (1%)|
|• Religion||Muslim (72%), Buddhist (9.24%), Confucianism (5.25%), Protestantism (3.8%), Roman Catholicism (1.2%), Hindu (0.09%)|
|• Languages||Indonesian, Malay, Hakka (A variety of Chinese)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
The Bangka–Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung) or (Chinese: 邦加-勿里洞省) is a province of Indonesia, previously a part of South Sumatra Province. Lying off Sumatra, the province comprises two main islands, Bangka and Belitung, and several smaller ones. In 2010 its population was 1,223,048. The capital is Pangkal Pinang.
The Bangka Strait separates Sumatra and Bangka, and the Gaspar Strait separates Bangka and Belitung. The South China Sea is to the north, the Java Sea is to the south, and the province is separated from Borneo in the east by the Karimata Strait.
The first Chinese (Mostly Hakka people) workers who came to Indonesia were mainly men. They began assimilating with local people and intermarriages followed, residents coexisting peacefully in spite of differences in religion and ethnicity. When anti-Chinese riots occurred in some parts of Indonesia in 1998 at the end of the Soeharto regime, local people and those of Chinese descent lived peacefully in the Bangka Belitung province.
According to the Indonesian Health Department, Bangka Belitung is highly malarious area. The annual malaria incidence rate in Bangka Belitung is reported as 29.3/1000 population.
|Pangkal Pinang (city)||118.80||145,945||174,838||159,689||Pangkal Pinang|
|West Bangka Regency (Bangka Barat)||2,820.61||147,855||175,110||164,555||Muntok|
|South Bangka Regency (Bangka Selatan)||3,607.08||148,912||172,476||164,867||Toboali|
|Central Bangka Regency (Bangka Tengah)||2,126.36||133,380||161,075||152,645||Koba|
|Belitung Regency||2,293.69||132,777||155,925||176,041||Tanjung Pandan|
|East Belitung Regency (Belitung Timur)||2,506.91||87,380||106,432||95,827||Manggar|
Bangka Belitung Islands have many beaches and smaller islands with beaches having blue sea waters, coral reefs, white sand, and giant granite rock formations which have attracted tourists from around the world. The most well known beaches in Bangka Island are Matras, Parai, Tanjung Pesona, Batu Bedaun, Remodong, Pasir Padi, Tanjung Kelian, Rebo, and Telok Uber Beach. Whereas Belitung Island beaches are Tanjung Kiras Beach, Tanjung Pendam Beach, Tanjung Tinggi Beach, Tanjung Kelayang Beach, Tanjung Binga fisherman village Beach, Panyaeran Beach, Tanjung kubu Beach, Gembira Bay and Tanjung Ru Beach, which are the sites for diving, scuba, snorkeling, fishing and sailing.
|Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010|
- Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
- Indonesia - Population by Region and Religion
- "Heaven on earth in Bangka Belitung". February 8, 2012.
- Indonesia Health Map 2007, Department of Health, Government of Indonesia.
- Somers Heidhues, Mary F.(1992)Bangka tin and Mentok pepper : Chinese settlement on an Indonesian island Singapore : Social Isuues in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-3035-99-4