Bangla Academy

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Bangla Academy
বাংলা একাডেমি
Bangla academy logo.jpg
Bangla academy logo
Bangla Academy Inside 2 by Ashfaq.jpg
Bangla Academy main building
Formation December 3, 1955; 58 years ago (1955-12-03)
Headquarters Burdwan House
Location Dhaka, Bangladesh
Official languages Bengali
President Dr. Anisuzzaman
Website banglaacademy.org.bd

Bangla Academy (Bengali: বাংলা একাডেমি)is the national academy for promoting the Bangla (Bengali) language in Bangladesh. The main office of the organization is located at the Burdwan House, once a part of the campus of the University of Dhaka, beside Suhrawardy Udyan.

History[edit]

The importance of establishing an organization for Bengali language was first emphasized by the linguist Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah.[1] [2] Later, following the Language movement, on April 27, 1952, the All Party National Language Committee decided to demand establishment of an organisation for the promotion of Bengali language.

During the 1954 parliamentary elections, the United Front's 21 point manifesto stated that, "The prime minister from the United Front will dedicate the Bardhaman House for establishing a research centre for Bengali language".[2] Following the election success of the Front, the education minister Syed Azizul Haque placed the order to fulfill this promise.

In 1955, the Government formed a committee to expedite the process. The committee was composed of leading intellectuals like Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah, Dr. Qazi Motahar Hossain, Dr. S.M. Bhattacharya, Dr. W. H. Shadani, and Muhammad Barkatullah. On December 3, 1955, the prime minister, Abu Hossain, inaugurated the Bangla Academy.[2]

At first, Muhammad Barkatullah acted as the Special Officer in charge. Later, in 1956, Dr. Enamul Haque took over as the first director general. In 1957, an act of the parliament formally established the funding source and the Government support for the Academy.[2] The first book published by the academy was Laili Maznu, an epic by the medieval poet Daulat Ujir Bahram Khan, and edited by Prof. Ahmed Sharif. The first fellow of the academy was the poet Farrukh Ahmed.[2]

Activities[edit]

Moder Gorob (meaning Our Pride) a group of bust, depicting the Language movement martyrs

The main task of the Academy is to conduct research on Bengali language, culture, history, and publish Bengali literary and research work. It has also established the Bangla Academy Award, given each year for contribution to Bengali language.

To commemorate the Language movement and the Language martyr's day, the Academy organises the month-long Ekushey Book Fair, the largest book fair in the country. Dr. Muhammed Anamul Haque was the first director of Bangla Academy and Majharul Islam, professor of Rjshahi University, was the first Director General of Bangla Academy.

New building[edit]

On 19 September 2008, a new building opened next to the main building. It was designed by Tanya Karim NR Khan and Associates, who won a design contest held in 2005. The building has eight storeys and contains a 500-capacity auditorium named for Shah Abdul Karim, a 100-capacity seminar room, language and literature and research space, and a temporary library.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Helal, Bashir (1986). Bangla Academy'r Itihaas (History of Bangla Academy) (in Bengali). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangla Academy. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mamun, Muntasir (January 2004) [1993]. Dhaka: Smriti Bismritir Nogori (in Bengali) (3rd edition, 4th printing ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Ananya Publishers. pp. 178–180. ISBN 984-412-104-3. 

External links[edit]