Bangladeshi rock

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For rock music in Bengali language, see Music of Bengal#Modern Bengali music.
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Bangladeshi rock or Bangla rock (Bengali: বাংলা রক) is the rock music of Bangladesh. It originated in Chittagong with Souls, which was formed in 1970.[1] Distortion, electric and bass guitars and drums are used, sometimes accompanied by piano or other keyboard instruments. In the past, it was accompanied by saxophone, flute, violin and bass violin.

History[edit]

Origin (1960s–1970s)[edit]

Bangladeshi rock began in 1960 when a handful of self-taught musicians joined to create original songs. Their efforts resulted in the birth of the Bangla rock scene. In 1963, Zinga Goshty was the first[citation needed] orchestra band in Bangladesh, formed in Chittagong by a group of students from Chittagong College.[2] Pioneering groups during the late 1960s included Windy Side of Care (M. Fazle Rub, Alamgir, Rafique Mazhar Islam Saju, Rafi Omar, and Khwaja Shabbir Quader), the Lightnings (Neo Mendis,Noel Mendis) Rambling Stones (Zafar Iqbal and others), Ugly Phases, Time Ago Motion (Robin and others), Fire in Ice (Selim Alam, Reza Ahmed, Chhoton Islam and Habib Zafarullah) and Insex Dui (a band with American students studying at the American School in Dacca). They performed without expensive instruments or sound systems.[1]

Azam Khan (Uchharon), a.k.a. the Legend, a.k.a. the Imaginative Composer, emerged during the 1970s. Happy Akhand's "Abar Alo Elo Je Shondha" was a popular song, and his premature death was a blow to the musicians he influenced. Akhand's contemporaries include the late Firoze Shahi, Ferdaus Wahid and Fakir Alamgir. Many old bands are still active, including Souls (1970), Feedback (1976), Miles (1978), Nagar Baul (1980) and Warfaze (1984).[3]

1980s[edit]

Although early Bangladeshi rock is characterised by romantic songs and mellow tunes, the scene began to change during the 1980s. Warfaze was a progressive band during this period. Feedback was another band, who released the albums Ullash and Mela. From the mid 1980s to the early 1990s, hard rock became more popular. Sumon of Aurthohin described the metal-music era: "It was around 1986 when Miles performed hard rock in Dhaka. They performed songs of Iron Maiden which was rocking to people. The next concert was a mind blowing performance, in which they covered several numbers of Iron Maiden and they did very well indeed!" The band was called Rock Strata, and it was followed by Warfaze. Different Touch was also active during the late 1980s and early 1990s, playing "Sraboner Meghgulo". Nova (1986) and Renaissance were bands from the same period. The era also witnessed the emergence of artists such as Ayub Bachchu (who created LRB) and solo performers Tapan Chowdhury and Kumar Bishwajit.[4]

1990s[edit]

The early 1990s was arguably the most productive phase[5] of Bangladeshi rock, featuring bands such as LRB and Ark. Cryptic Fate and Maqsood O Dhaka were other notable groups from the era.[5]

The heavy-metal scene further developed during the early 1990s. "Mixed album Hooray was, back then, a huge inspiration and boost for many celebrated bands from today", said Shakib of Cryptic Fate.[citation needed] Warfaze and Rock Strata also released albums. Another band was Winning, which later disbanded.

In 1993, Sumon left Warfaze; he, Piklu (of the disbanded Rockstrata) and Jolly Roger became Aurthohin. That year metal bands such as Cryptic Fate, Mysteria, Dethrow and PsychoDeth also emerged, playing at underground shows. Shironaamhin, formed in 1996, is still active as of 2013. Around 1998, Koprophilia, Clovermind and Spanking Monkeys began playing alternative music. After a period of turmoil, around 1999 Artcell (formerly Tantrik), Metal Maze, Migraine, Black, Wire, Scarecrow and Nemesis surfaced.[5][6]

2000s[edit]

By the early ears of the 21st century, bands such as Black, Artcell, Poizon Green, Kronic, Reborn, Scarecrow, Dalchut and Nemesis became active on the Bangladeshi music scene with the release of debut albums and songs. Newer bands emerging during this period, such as Stentorian, Arbovirus, Shohortoli, De-illumination, Shunno and Lalon, also became established. The era also saw the revival of the Chittagong rock-music scene. Although the city is considered the birthplace of Bangladeshi rock it declined during the 1990s, when most local musicians and bands began moving to Dhaka for more opportunity and better facilities. During the early 2010s, the Bangladesh Music Bands Association (BAMBA) and the Chittagong Music Bands Association (CMBA) began organising rock concerts in the city, which gave exposure to local underground bands. This resulted to the emergence of new rock bands in the city, such as Hemorrhage and Blunderware.[7][8]

Bands from Bangladesh
Formed Name Genre Language City of origin
1963 Zinga Goshty Pop rock Bangla Chittagong
1970 Souls Pop rock Bangla Chittagong
1976 Feedback Rock music Bangla Dhaka
1978 Miles Pop rock Bangla Dhaka
1980 Nagar Baul Hard rock, psychedelic rock Bangla Chittagong
1984 Warfaze Hard rock, heavy metal music Bangla Chittagong
1985 Obscure Pop rock Bangla Dhaka
1986 Nova[9][10][11][12][13] Rock music, Hard rock, Psychedelic rock Bangla Dhaka
1980s Different Touch Pop rock Bangla Khulna
1991 Love Runs Blind Alternative rock Bangla Chittagong
1991 Ark Pop rock Bangla Chittagong
1993 Cryptic Fate Progressive metal Bangla Dhaka
1993 Aurthohin Rock music Bangla Dhaka
1995 Metal Maze Hard rock, heavy metal Bangla Dhaka
1996 Shironamhin Folk music, alternative rock, psychedelic rock Bangla Dhaka
1996 Dalchhut Rock music Bangla Dhaka
1998 Black Rock music, alternative rock, grunge Bangla Dhaka
1999 Artcell Progressive metal, progressive rock Bangla Dhaka
1999 Scarecrow Thrash Metal, metal core Bangla Dhaka
1999 Nemesis Alternative rock Bangla Dhaka
2001 Stentorian Hard rock, heavy metal Bangla Dhaka
2002 Arbovirus Experimental music, alternative rock, Nu metal Bangla Dhaka
2005 Shohortoli Theatrical Rock Bangla Dhaka
2006 De-illumination Symphonic rock, symphonic metal Bangla Dhaka
2007 RadioActive Hard Rock Bangla Dhaka
2007 Shunno Pop rock Bangla Dhaka
0000 Lalon Rock Bangla Dhaka
0000 Chirkutt - Bangla Dhaka

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Turbulent Evolution of Bangla Rock". The Star (Bangladesh). Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "নতুন করে আলোচনায় পপ তারকা নাজমা জামান". Notundesh.com. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Rock music in Bangladesh". The New Nation. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "A Lesson in Evolution of Bangladeshi Rock". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "90'z Rocking the decade". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Underground". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  7. ^ "Silent tears of underground music in Chittagong". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "NSR IV rocks Chittagong". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  9. ^ Nova (2013). Shopner Bangladesh (Motion picture) (in Bangla). Bangladesh: First Post (India). Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "ঘরে ঘরে উৎসবে ব্যান্ড নোভা". Dainik Destiny. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "‘গানোফোন’-এ গাইবেন ব্যান্ড নোভা". justnewsbd.com. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "১৬ নভেম্বর এক মঞ্চে ১০ ব্যান্ড". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "ঢাকার মাঠে ওল্ড ইজ গোল্ড". Kaler Kantho. Retrieved 2 April 2013.