Bangladeshi-Japanese relations were established in February 1972. Japan is Bangladesh's 11th-largest export market; imports from Bangladesh make up 26% of all Japanese imports from the least developed countries, second only to those from Cambodia. Common imports from Bangladesh to Japan include leather goods, ready-made garments, and shrimp. By 2004, Japan had become Bangladesh's fourth-largest source of foreign direct investment, behind the United States, United Kingdom, and Malaysia. Japan's political goals in its relationship with Bangladesh include gaining support for their bid to join the United NationsSecurity Council, and securing markets for their finished goods. Japan is a significant source of development aid to Bangladesh. In 2001, there were about 9,500 Bangladeshis in Japan.
^Abdul Matin, Muhammad (2005), "East Asian Security: A Bangladesh Perspective", in Sisodia, N. S.; Naidu, G. V. C., Changing Security Dynamic in Eastern Asia: Focus on Japan, Bibliophile South Asia, pp. 504–528, ISBN81-86019-52-9