Bangladesh Civil Service
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Bangladesh Civil Service (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ সিভিল সার্ভিস ), more popularly known by its acronym BCS, is the elite civil service of the Government of Bangladesh. It originated from the Central Superior Services of Pakistan which was derived from the colonial legacy of the former British Empire-controlled Indian Civil Service. Since independence it has been known by Act as Bangladesh Civil Service. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) is the main policy setting and recruitment body of BCS. BCS has 28 cader services. In the parliamentary democracy of Bangladesh, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But the handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy.
The civil Bureaucracy is a colonial legacy in this part of the world. The British used to rule the native population through Indian Civil Service (ICS) and most of the officers in ICS were British themselves. It was in the early 20th Century that the Indians also started competing against the British and many Indians eventually made it to the ICS. With the partition of India in 1947, the term 'Central Superior Services' was used in Pakistan and the concept of All-Pakistan Services continued. After the independence of Bangladesh in 1971,Bangladesh Civil Service is formed to gear up the government system of the newly born country by an act from the then President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Formation of Bangladesh Public Service Commission
Bangladesh Public Service Commission a constitutional body established primarily to recruit persons for various services and posts in the government. It is also involved in decision processes relating to other service matters such as promotion, posting, transfer, discipline, and appeal of the government servants. The main purpose of constituting such a body, designated in most countries of British heritage as 'civil' or 'public' service commission, is to ensure that all decisions relating to recruitment and other service matters are made consistent with the principles of merit and equity. In Bangladesh, this body is presently designated as the Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC). A commission called Public Service Commission was first established in India in 1926, when it was entrusted with functions almost similar to those of its British counterpart in London, particularly in matters of recruitment of public servants of the central government of British India. Similar provincial level commissions were subsequently established, including the Bengal Public Service Commission in 1937, following the formation of responsible governments in the provinces in pursuance of provisions made in the Government of India Act, 1919, and thereafter in the Government of India Act, 1935. After the partition of India in 1947, replicas of the Public Service Commission in British India were created in Pakistan, both at central and provincial levels. Hence a body designated as Public Service Commission, Eastern Pakistan (renamed later East Pakistan Public Service Commission) came into being in East Bengal (later named East Pakistan) in August 1947. After the emergence of Bangladesh two separate commissions, namely the Public Service Commission (First), and the Public Service Commission (Second), were initially established in May 1972 under provisions made in President's Order No. 34 of 1972. But to give effect to the provisions on public service commissions in the constitution adopted in November 1972, a fresh Presidential Order (President's Order No. 25 of 1973) was promulgated in March 1973 which in effect formally regularized the establishment of the two commissions in existence since May 1972. However, in November 1977 the government promulgated another ordinance to establish a single commission in place of the existing two commissions, which, in effect, came into being on 22 December 1977 and was designated as Bangladesh Public Service Commission.
The Constitution of Bangladesh provides the fundamental law to construct The Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC), a quasi judicial body that works under the provisions of the Article 137 - 141 of the Constitution of Bangladesh and certain other rules and regulations made by the government from time to time. Bangladeshi Nationals are recruited through the provisions of the constitution from article 133 to 136  and article 29. 
Head of the Civil Service
The highest ranking civil servant is the Chief of the Cabinet Secretariat of the People's Republic of Bangladesh who is also the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Superior Selection Board and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of Bangladesh. He also holds the 12th position in the Warrant of Precedence of Bangladesh.
The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment.
|1||Hossain Taufique Imam||1971 to 1975|
|2||Shafiul Azam||1975 to 1976|
|3||Abdul Momen Khan||1976 to 1977|
|4||M. Keramat Ali||1977 to 1982|
|5||Md. Mhabubuzzaman||1982 to 1986|
|6||Md. Mujibul Hoque||1986 to 1989|
|7||M. K. Anwar||1990 to 1991|
|8||Md. Siddiqur Rahman||1991 to 1992|
|9||M. Ayubur Rahman||1992 to 1996|
|10||Syed Ahmed||1996 to 1997|
|11||Ataul Haque||1997 to 1998|
|12||Qazi Shamsul Alam||1998 to 2001|
|13||Dr. Akbar Ali Khan||2001 to 2002|
|14||Dr. Kamal Uddin Siddique||2002 to 2002|
|15||Dr. Saadat Husain||2002 to 2005|
|16||A S M Abdul Halim||2005 to 2006|
|17||Md. Abu Solaiman Chowdhury||2006 to 2006|
|18||Ali Imam Majumder||2006 to 2008|
|19||M Abdul Aziz||2008 to 2011|
|20||M Musharraf Hossain Bhuiyan||2011 to Present|
Bangladesh Civil Service can be classified into two types- General Cadres and Technical/Professional Cadres.
- 1. BCS (Administration): Assistant
- 2. BCS (Foreign Affairs): Assistant Secretary
- 3. BCS (Police): Assistant Superintendent of Police
- 4. BCS (Audit & Accounts): Assistant Accountant General
- 5. BCS (Customs & Excise): Assistant Commissioner (Customs & Excise)
- 6. BCS (Cooperatives): Assistant Registrar
- 7. BCS (Economic): Assistant Chief
- 8. BCS (Food),General: Assistant Controller of Food / Equivalent Posts
- 9. BCS (Information): Information Officer / Equivalent Posts
- 10. BCS (Family Planning): Family Planning Officer
- 11. BCS (Postal): Assistant Post Master General / Equivalent Posts
- 12. BCS (Railway Transportation & Commercial): Assistant Traffic Superintendent
- 13. BCS (Taxation): Assistant Commissioner of Taxes
- 14. BCS (Ansar): Assistant District Commandant / Equivalent Posts
- 15. BCS (Trade): Assistant Controller of Import & Export / Equivalent Posts
- 1. BCS (Public Works): Assistant Engineer
- 2. BCS (Roads & Highways): Assistant Engineer
- 3. BCS (Telecommunications): Assistant Divisional Engineer
- 4. BCS (Public Health Engineering): Assistant Engineer
- 5. BCS (Forest): Assistant Conservator of Forest
- 6. BCS (Health): Assistant Surgeon / Medical Officer
- 7. BCS (Railway Engineering): Assistant Engineer
- 8. BCS (Livestock): Veterinary Assistant Surgeon / Upazilla Livestock Officer
- 9. BCS (Fisheries): Upazilla Fisheries Officer
- 10. BCS (Statistics): Statistical Officer
- 11. BCS (General Education): Lecturer
- 12. BCS (Technical Education): Lecturer
- 13. BCS (Information), Technical: Assistant Radio Engineer (This cadre has both general and technical category posts)
- 14. BCS (Agriculture): Agricultural Extension Officer
- 15. BCS (Food): Assistant Maintenance Engineer/Equivalent Posts
BCS Examination is the top most competitive job examination in Bangladesh .On an average, 1 to 2.25 Lakh candidates apply every year and the percentage of candidates appearing is more than 90%. Aspirants must complete a three-stage process, with a final success rate of about 0.02% for all cadres and 0.005% for general cadres, although it varies from years to years exam.
- Public Service Commission. "Civil Service of Bangladesh". Bangladesh Public Service Commission. Banglapedia. Retrieved 5 September 2006.
- Cabinet Secretariat, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh (23 October 2013). "Complete List of Cabinet Secretaries since 1971". Dhaka: Cabinet Division,Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
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